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NASA’s Impact

Visualization of satellite data showing severe ozone depletion, the "ozone hole" over Antartica.

NASA contributes to our Nation’s economic competitiveness, fueling growth in American industry and supporting quality, high-paying jobs across the country and internationally. NASA’s economic impact is also seen in the incalculable value of the climate change data provided by our earth-observation satellites and scientists, and shared freely and openly with the world.

Economic Impact

NASA strengthens the economy, improves life, fosters American innovation, builds bridges and inspires.

Read the Fiscal Year 2021 Economic Impact Report about Economic Impact
A scale model of an airplane with long and skinny wings supported by a truss is suspended within a wind tunnel for testing. The four walls of the wind tunnel are silver with a blue light illuminating the background.


NASA’s Artemis campaign will return humans to the lunar surface in the 2020s, create a long-term American presence for years to come, and provide the experience and technology to conduct the first human missions to Mars. While providing scientific returns, geopolitical leadership, and the enduring value of human and robotic space exploration, Artemis offers considerable benefits to American citizens in the prospect of substantial economic growth while driving a workforce of the future.

Learn More about Artemis
Artemis Logo - red rocket trail, blue arch that represents earth, ARTEMIS text, gray half sphere on a white background

International Space Station

The benefits derived from an orbiting laboratory are definitely not limited to space exploration. Examples range from the tangible, such as air purification and water filtration products, to the potential, such as cleaner combustion engines or medical scans that expose patients to lower levels of radiation. Some  benefits arise from new scientific knowledge while others are derived from the specialized equipment needed to live in and conduct research in space

Learn More about International Space Station
Astronaut Sunita L. Williams, Expedition 15 flight engineer, performs one of multiple tests of the Capillary Flow Experiment (CFE) investigation in the Destiny laboratory of the International Space Station. CFE observes the flow of fluid, in particular capillary phenomena, in microgravity. (




NASA is conducting an unprecedented array of missions that will seek new knowledge and understanding of Earth, the solar system and the universe.

We’re studying Earth right now through current and future spacecraft helping answer critical challenges facing our planet: climate change, sea level rise, freshwater resources and extreme weather events. As an innovation leader in Earth and climate science, NASA is constantly expanding view of our planet from space, with an exceptional team of experts, and decades of innovative scientific and technical research.

The first human footsteps on Mars will follow rover tracks. A fleet of robotic explorers already is on and around Mars, dramatically increasing our knowledge about the Red Planet. The planet once had conditions suitable for life, making it a rich destination for scientific discovery and robotic and human exploration as we expand our presence into the solar system. The formation of Mars and its evolution are comparable to Earth, helping us learn more about our own planet’s history and future. Future exploration could uncover evidence of life on Mars, answering one of the fundamental mysteries of the cosmos: Does life exist beyond Earth?

Multiple NASA missions are studying our sun and the solar system, unraveling mysteries about their origin and evolution. By understanding variations of the sun in real-time, we can better characterize space weather, which can impact exploration and technology on Earth.

NASA telescopes also are peering into the farthest reaches of the universe and back to its earliest moments of existence, helping us understand the universe’s origin, evolution, and destiny.

It’s an exciting time at NASA as we reach for new heights to reveal the unknown and benefit humankind. See a list of NASA’s current missions and find out what we’re launching next!