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M. Scott Carpenter

Scott Carpenter was one of NASA’s first seven astronauts (the Mercury Seven) and the second American to orbit the Earth.

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M. Scott Carpenter

Selected by NASA in 1959, Carpenter was one of the Mercury Seven, the first 7 astronauts in America’s space program. A dynamic pioneer of modern exploration, Carpenter has the unique distinction of being the first human ever to acquiring the dual title, Astronaut/Aquanaut.

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S61-03510 (1961) — Project Mercury astronaut M. Scott Carpenter smiles, in his pressure suit, prior to participating in a simulated mission run at Cape Canaveral, Florida. Astronaut Carpenter has been selected as the prime pilot on the United States second attempt to put a man into orbit around Earth. Photo credit: NASA
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60 Years Ago: Scott Carpenter Orbits the Earth aboard Aurora 7

On May 24, 1962, astronaut M. Scott Carpenter completed America’s second orbital spaceflight during the Mercury-Atlas 7 mission. Carpenter flew…

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The Mercury Seven

On October 7, 1958, shortly after NASA opened for business, it announced its first major undertaking, Project Mercury. The objectives were threefold: to place a human spacecraft into orbital flight around Earth, observe human performance in such conditions, and recover the human and the spacecraft safely. In January 1959, the committee received and screened 508 service records of a group of talented test pilots, of which seven were ultimately chosen.

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The Mercury Seven

Portrait of M. Scott Carpenter.

Mercury-Atlas 7 astronaut

Portrait of L. Gordon Cooper, former astronaut

Mercury-Atlas 9 and Gemini V astronaut

John Glenn, Mercury Astronaut

Mercury-Atlas 6 and STS-95 astronaut

Mercury-Redstone 4, Gemini III and Apollo 1 astronaut

Portrait of Walter M. Schirra

Mercury-Atlas 8, Gemini VI-A and Apollo 7 astronaut

Mercury-Redstone 3 and Apollo 14 astronaut

Apollo-Soyuz Test Project astronaut