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Human Factors and Behavioral Performance

The Human Factors and Behavioral Performance (HFBP) element of NASA’s Human Research Program (HRP) seeks to better understand astronauts’ behavioral health.

NASA astronaut Megan McArthur reads a book in the cupola

Learn More About HFBP

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About HFBP

HFBP addresses the behavioral health effects of long-duration spaceflight. The element also seeks insights into how to structure successful teams for missions and ensure that humans can efficiently navigate tasks in space.

NASA astronaut Drew Feustel pictured during a spacewalk

Spaceflight Risks

See the risks of human spaceflight that the HFBP element is tackling to help ensure the health and safety of astronauts in low-Earth orbit and beyond.

Meet the Team

Meet the team behind HFBP, including element managers and scientists who help facilitate research aboard the International Space Station and in simulations on Earth.

NASA astronaut Jasmin Moghbeli services microbe samples for DNA sequencing aboard the International Space Station.

Collaborate With Us

Find different ways to collaborate with NASA’s HRP and help us discover how to keep the next generation of space explorers thriving on future missions to the Moon, Mars, and beyond.

Isolation and Confinement in Space

Explore how NASA scientists help astronauts cope with spaceflight-induced feelings of isolation and confinement.

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The Human Body in Space

For more than 50 years, NASA’s Human Research Program (HRP) has studied what happens to the human body in space. Researchers…

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Simulations of Life in Space

Simulated space missions conducted on Earth help NASA examine crew health and team dynamics without launching into space. Using such missions, scientists can study in detail and in larger populations how humans adapt to challenges that astronauts may encounter on missions to the Moon and Mars.

HERA ANalog exterior view

Human Exploration Research Analog (HERA)

HERA is a unique 650-square-foot habitat split among two floors and a loft, designed to serve as an analog for isolation, confinement, and remote conditions in exploration scenarios.

NASA’s simulated Mars habitat includes a 1,200-square-foot sandbox with red sand to simulate the Martian landscape. The area will be used to conduct simulated spacewalks or “Marswalks” during the analog missions.

Crew Health and Performance Exploration Analog (CHAPEA)

CHAPEA is a series of Earth-based missions that will simulate year-long stays on the surface of Mars. Each mission will consist of four crew members living in an isolated 1,700 square foot habitat.


Antarctic Missions

Antarctica’s climate, temperature, and isolation provide an environment on Earth that parallels the conditions of isolation and stress that astronauts will face on long-duration missions in space. This provides unique opportunities to test systems and technologies for future missions to the Moon and Mars. 

What will life be like on missions to deep space?

Take a peek into the lives of crew on a simulated mission to Mars. Confined inside NASA's Human Exploration Research Analog (HERA), these crew answer questions from students around the world. They share how they maintain their privacy, build strong group dynamics, cope with missing their families, adapt to unexpected circumstances, and more.

Discover HERA
The crew of NASA's Human Exploration Research Analog (HERA) Campaign 6 Mission 4 poses for a photo together inside the habitat.
Credit: NASA/Bill Stafford