ROI determines how best to use spaceflight and ground-based spaceflight simulations to maximize research on the effects of long-duration spaceflight on human systems and the safeguards scientists are developing to protect crew health.
ROI supports the implementation of broad research campaigns that span HRP's elements. These include:
Complement of Integrated Protocols for Human Research (CIPHER)
NASA astronauts are returning to the Moon with plans for one day going to Mars. To better prepare astronauts for these long journeys, scientists need to know: How do extended durations in space change the human body?
The project collects a core set measurements from astronauts throughout space station missions. This optimized, minimal set of measures is consistently captured from crewmembers to help characterize adaptive responses to and risks of living in space.
ROI has built a storage bank to maintain biological specimens over extended periods of time and under well-controlled conditions. This repository archives blood, urine, and other biosamples for use in future spaceflight-related research.
What physiological, molecular, and cognitive changes could happen to a human from exposure to spaceflight? Researchers compared retired astronaut Scott Kelly while he was in space, to his identical twin brother, retired astronaut Mark Kelly, who remained on Earth.
Explore the steps we are taking to prepare humans for long-duration spaceflight. We aim to combine insights from Earth-based simulations of life in space with research conducted on the space station and on future Artemis missions to get NASA ready to send crew to deep space.