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Biology and Biotechnology

The International Space Station is our planet’s state-of-the-art orbiting laboratory. Here, the crew performs research which unlocks discoveries not possible on Earth.

A view of red dwarf tomato plants growing in the Veggie plant growth facility aboard the International Space Station

Station Science 101

Epigenetics Research in Space

A growing body of research suggests a link between epigenetic mechanisms and a wide variety of illnesses and behaviors, including cancer, cardiovascular and autoimmune illnesses, and cognitive dysfunction. Epigenetics also plays a role in the changes humans and other living things experience in space.

Learn More about Epigenetics Research in Space
Plants with green leaves amid a tangle of white roots are visible inside a clear plastic box with an orange clip on each side. White labels can be seen through the box.
APEX-03 plates containing Arabidopsis thaliana plants.
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Station Science 101: Studying DNA in Space

Long-term space exploration exposes humans to radiation that can damage deoxyribonucleic acid or DNA, which carries the genetic information for…

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Plants in Space

As NASA plans long-duration missions to the Moon and Mars, a key factor is figuring out how to feed crews during their weeks, months, and even years in space.

Learn More About Plant Studies
Astronaut Kayla Barron checks out plants growing inside the Veggie facility
Astronaut Kayla Barron checks out plants growing inside the Veggie facility.
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Station Science 101: Microbiology

Wherever there are humans, there are microbes, too. Bacteria and fungi live all around us, in our homes, offices, industrial…

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DNA Sequencing in Space Timeline

Bacteria can be identified by their unique biological blueprint, contained within molecules of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). DNA is made up…

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