ExoMars Trace Gas Operator (partner): Designed to search for trace gases in the Martian atmosphere such as methane, water vapor, nitrogen oxides and acetylene. These gases could provide evidence for possible biological or geological activity on Mars.
Mars Odyssey: Besides conducting its own scientific observations, the mission provides a communication relay for robots on the Martian surface. In December 2010, it surpassed the previous record for longevity of a robotic mission at Mars.
New Horizons (partner): The New Horizons mission is helping us understand worlds at the edge of our solar system by making the first reconnaissance of the dwarf planet Pluto and by venturing deeper into the distant, mysterious Kuiper Belt – a relic of solar system formation.
OSIRIS-REx (partner): NASA’s OSIRIS-REx will be the first U.S. mission to bring an asteroid sample to Earth. The spacecraft is currently orbiting asteroid Bennu and will spend two years mapping it before collecting a sample and returning to Earth.
Spitzer Space Telescope (partner): NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope was launched on August 25, 2003 from Florida’s Cape Canaveral Air Force Base. Drifting in a unique Earth-trailing orbit around the Sun, Spitzer sees an optically invisible universe dominated by dust and stars.
Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (partner): An Astrophysics Explorer-class mission that aims to discover planets smaller than Neptune that transit stars bright enough to enable follow-up spectroscopic observations that can provide planet masses and atmospheric compositions.
James Webb Space Telescope (partner): The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) is the premier space-borne observatory. The 6.5 m diameter infrared telescope studies every phase in the history of our Universe.
(Future) LunaH-Map (partner): The Lunar Polar Hydrogen Mapper is a 6U CubeSat that will enter a polar orbit around the Moon with a low altitude perilune centered on the lunar South Pole. LunaH-Map carries two neutron spectrometers that will produce maps of near-surface hydrogen.
(Future) Mars 2020 (partner): Mars 2020 will seek signs of ancient life by studying Martian terrain that is now inhospitable, but once held flowing rivers and lakes. The rover will also carry the Mars Helicopter, the first rotary aircraft test on a planet beyond Earth.
Convective Processes Experiment – Aerosols & Winds (CPEX-AW): This joint effort between NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA) has the primary goal of conducting a post-launch calibration and validation activities of the Atmospheric Dynamics Mission-Aeolus (ADM-AEOLUS) Earth observation wind Lidar satellite in St. Croix.
DEVELOP: Part of NASA’s Applied Sciences Program, DEVELOP addresses environmental and public policy issues through interdisciplinary research projects that apply the lens of NASA Earth observations to community concerns around the globe.
Arctic Boreal Vulnerability Experiment (ABoVE): Terrestrial Ecology Program field campaign being conducted in Alaska and Western Canada to understand the vulnerability and resilience of Arctic and boreal ecosystems to environmental change in western North America.
Ecological Forecasting: Develops advanced computer technologies for converting massive streams of satellite remote sensing data into eco-casts that are easy to read and use.
NASA-CASA Project: Access geographic data from NASA Ames Research Center, Ecosystem Science and Technology Branch for carbon sequestration predictions throughout the United States.
Metrological Measurement Systems (MMS): An airborne instrument that provides calibrated, science quality, in situ state measurements of static pressure, static temperature, and three-dimension wind.
Space Bioscience Projects
GeneLab: The first comprehensive space-related omics database; users can upload, download, share, store, and analyze spaceflight and spaceflight-relevant data from experiments using model organisms.
BioNutrients: A spaceflight experiment that demonstrates technology using engineered microbes to produce necessary human nutrients on-demand.
Cell Science-04: a spaceflight experiment that will research the effects of microgravity on Hypsibius exemplaris, a species of tardigrade.
Rodent Research-23: Studies the effects of spaceflight on the eyes, specifically on the structure and function of the arteries, veins, and lymphatic vessels that are needed to maintain vision.
Rodent Research-10: Investigates how spaceflight in microgravity affects the cellular and molecular mechanisms of normal bone tissue regeneration in space.
Bacterial Adhesion and Corrosion: Studies the effect of spaceflight on the formation of multi-species, surface-adherent bacterial communities, their ability to corrode stainless steel surfaces relevant to those on the International Space Station (ISS) water system.
MVP Cell-02: Studying how organisms evolve to adapt to the harsh space environment by growing Bacillus subtilis bacteria in a range of conditions.
Micro-15: Studies the effects of spaceflight on the differentiation of mammalian induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC).
Micro-16: Analyzes the muscle strength and gene expression in nematodes, a flight-proven and cost effective model organism.
Cell Science-02 Bioculture System: The Bioculture System research platform was developed at NASA Ames Research Center and allows researchers to carry out studies on cell cultures in microgravity on the ISS.