Suggested Searches

Spaceflight Operations

Encyclopedia
Updated Feb 12, 2024

Introduction

The first word uttered by astronauts in space before history is made – big or small – is “Houston…” NASA’s Johnson Space Center (JSC) has served as the iconic setting to some of humankind’s greatest achievements, including the Apollo Moon landings and the Space Shuttle Program. JSC, a world leader in human spaceflight, has developed unique knowledge, skills, and capabilities over our decades-long experience operating human spacecraft.

JSC serves as a central hub for NASA’s human spaceflight operations, encompassing astronaut training, the Mission Control Center (MCC), International Space Station (ISS) operations, Commercial Crew and Cargo operations, operations considerations for spacecraft development, and ongoing support for new exploration space missions. Our MCC houses some of the world’s most experienced flight controllers and mission support personnel. These individual undergo rigorous training and have a deep understanding of spacecraft systems, procedures and emergency protocols. They provide real-time monitoring, analysis, and decision-making support for crewed space missions. While the MCC serves as the central nervous system for spacecraft operations, ensuring the safety and success of astronauts in space, it also serves as a hub for international collaboration, supporting missions not only for NASA, but also for other space agencies. We continually evolve our technology, procedures and infrastructure to adapt to changing mission requirements and advancements in space exploration, staying at the forefront of innovation in mission control operations. Overall, JSC’s MCC stands as a symbol of human ingenuity, collaboration, and dedication to exploring the cosmos and we invite our partners to join us on the journey. Explore our capabilities below to see where we can advance the boundaries of space exploration and innovation together.

Flight Operations

Mission Control Center (MCC) 

Overview | NASA Johnson Space Center is the worldwide leader in human spaceflight mission planning, training, test, and flight operations. The Mission Control Center (MCC) at JSC has unparalleled experience in supporting human spaceflight operations. 

Details |

  • 20+ years of accumulated on-orbit Mission Elapsed Time executing spaceflight operations
  • More than 300 manned missions and 300+ Extravehicular Activities supported
  • World class systems for mission design, test, training, command and control 
  • Full suite mission planning for ground, crew, and spacecraft communications and trajectory 
  • Terrestrial, low earth orbit, and deep space communications networks 
  • Robust and flexible intercom between flight controllers, vehicles, and remote locations 
  • Studio quality video backbone
  • Designed for centralized or distributed operations support 
  • Reconfigurable command and control 
  • Key sub functions include Core Software, Application Software, and Recon Product Generation 
  • Scalable, redundant data and power systems 
  • Built on standardized interfaces
  • Full life-cycle data storage and retrieval 
  • Fully integrated cyber and data security 
  • Fully capable off-site backup command and control system 
  • Support for simulation, vehicle test, flight follow, and playback 
  • Pre-flight, launch, landing, contingency, and recovery support
  • Full mission life cycle weather support 
  • Ground systems and vehicle operations experts 
  • Proven ability to concurrently operate diverse, multi-class, multi-mission space vehicles 
  • Current Programs supported: International Space Station (ISS), Commercial Crew Program (CCP), SpaceX-Dragon, Orbital Cygnus, Boeing CST-100, Orion, and the Space Launch System 

Mission Support Rooms/Operations Suites 

Overview | The Mission Control Center (MCC) at JSC is designed to enable the configuration of multiple control rooms to support short or long duration dedicated activities. The MCC’s architecture is designed to support multiple simultaneous events with different partners and interfaces. 

Details |

  • Ground systems expert support to facilitate any unique development and integration tasks
  • MCC consoles and control rooms can be reconfigured based on activity needs (simulation, test, real-time execution) 
  • MCC scheduling process enables the team to account for both hardware and network resources when scheduling events 
  • Available command and control includes communication, command, voice, video, timing, data record/archive, and other real-time capabilities
  • Terrestrial, low earth orbit, and deep space communications networks 
  • Fully integrated cyber and data security 
  • Redundant data and power systems 
  • Support for simulation, vehicle test, flight follow, and playback 
  • Pre-flight, launch, landing, contingency, and recovery support 

Flight Control/Mission Execution 

Overview | NASA JSC Flight Operations Directorate (FOD) flight controllers monitor and control all space flight phases for multiple crewed space vehicles. Mission execution is the culmination of all integrated support functions, flight planning and design, analysis and procedure development, and crew and flight controller training. Crew and flight controller teams work in tandem to execute all mission objectives safely and successfully. 

Details | Flight systems control and management of: communications, computers/data, electrical, environmental control/life support, thermal, mechanical, propulsion, guidance and navigation, crew system, photo/TV, etc. 

  • Real-time operational support for all space flight phases: ascent, orbit/transit, docking, surface operations, entry and landing 
  • Nominal, contingency, and emergency operations execution 
  • Real-time planning and execution of daily operations 
  • Negotiate operational constraints with international partners, scientists and system experts to meet programmatic requirements 
  • Management and execution of vehicle trajectory plan and altitude strategy
  • Proximity operations trajectory/rendezvous operations 
  • Real-time analysis of vehicle conjunctions and debris avoidance operations/maneuvers 
  • Real-time operations coordination with International Partner and other control centers 
  • Visiting vehicle (to orbital space station) operations integration 
  • Stowage and cargo transfer operations
  • Vehicle system performance analysis, maintenance, and repair 
  • Vehicle commanding and uplink 
  • Extravehicular activity execution and real-time systems management 
  • Robotics operations 

Worldwide Connectivity 

Overview | Mission Control Center (MCC) provides worldwide connectivity as the central hub of communications for all human space flight operations. 

Details |

  • Worldwide network and communications connectivity support spacecraft operations
  • Space Network Communications 
  • Low Earth Orbit (LEO) 
  • Near Earth Network (NEN)Deep Space Network (DSN) 
  • Tracking Infrastructure & Services 
  • Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System (TDRSS) & Scheduling
  • Local Ground Station / Electronic System Test Laboratory (ESTL) 
  • Flight Dynamics Facility (FDF)S-Band Radiometric 
  • C-Band Trackers 
  • Interconnectivity to all NASA centers 
  • Connectivity with Vehicle Trainers, Flight Software (FSW), and Science Labs; International Space Station (ISS); Spacecraft System Test (SST), Integrated Test Rig (ITR), Software Development & Integration Laboratory (SDIL), Payload Operations Integration Center (POIC), Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle/Space Life Sciences (MPCV/SLS), Integrated Test Lab (ITL), Engineering Data Library (EDL), operations and checkout (O&C), Space Systems Integration and Test Facility (SITF), System Integration Laboratory (SIL)
  • Integration with Partner Control Centers: Canadian Space Agency (CSA), European Space Agency (ESA) – European Space Technology Center (ESTEC), Columbus Control Center (COL-CC), Italian Space Agency (ASI), Huntsville Ops Support Center (HOSC), Japanese Space Agency (JAXA), Orbital (Dulles), Russian Space Agency (TsUP), SpaceX (Hawthorne) 

Operations Integration 

Overview | NASA JSC Flight Operations Directorate (FOD) utilizes our operational expertise to support operational integration across programs and vehicles. Operational integration is necessary to ensure commonality and synergistic solutions among different elements. Cross program operations integration ensures that design decisions are made appropriately across multiple programs. 

Details |

  • Identify and assess cross-program and vehicle/element risks
  • Ensure operational issues are integrated across all impacted stakeholders 
  • Concept of Operations and System Definition, Test and Certification Plans 
  • Development of notional timelines to help define and evaluate mission proposals
  • Crew displays, interface development, integration and testing 
  • Spacecraft integration for proximity operations and docking 
  • Software and hardware limitations resolution and operational workaround design 
  • Telemetry/downlink definition and integration 
  • Payload command / telemetry and displays
  • Master Verification Plan, Test & Verification Matrix, Verification Closure Notices 

Real-time safety support 

Overview | Safety and Mission Assurance offers safety operations support for real time, complex space station and vehicle operations. 

Details |

  • Provide training in setting up real time operations consoles
  • Proved specific safety-related real time support, Safety Assessments, Chits, and Anomaly Reports 

Medical and Science Operations

Operational Space Medicine and Pharmacy 

Overview | JSC provides specialized primary medical care for astronauts and expert medical and biomedical engineering support for all human spaceflight mission operations. JSC space medicine performs medical and behavioral selection and certification for flight, as well as surveillance care for former astronauts supported by the JSC spaceflight pharmacy and the wealth of data held by its spaceflight epidemiology group. 

Details |

Clinical and Space Occupational Medicine 

  • Behavioral Health and Performance 
  • Medical and Behavioral astronaut Selection and Certification for Flight 
  • Hyper and Hypobaric Medicine 
  • Biomedical Engineering/biomedical Flight controllers
  • Space Medicine Subject Matter Expertise 
  • Missions Operations and Product Development for Medical Operations 
  • Space Radiation Analysis 
  • Spaceflight Epidemiology and Surveillance 
  • Spaceflight Pharmacy 

Science Operations 

Overview | NASA JSC Astromaterials and Exploration Research Division (ARES) pioneered science operations for human missions through support to the Apollo missions, which has been leveraged to all subsequent crewed missions, including International Space Station (ISS) missions and Orion missions. 

Details | The Astromaterials and Exploration Science Division (ARES) integrates science operations of Earth sensors onboard the International Space Station and leads the acquisition of Earth imagery by astronauts. We populate Mars mission teams, including the Curiosity, Opportunity, and Perseverance rovers. We also integrate into science teams for asteroid missions including Origin’s Spectral Interpretation Resource Identification Security Regolith Explorer (OSIRIS-REx) and Hayabusa2. We lead the development of sensors to enhance the scientific return of planetary exploration, leveraging the International Space Station as a proving ground as needed. 

Tele Science Center 

Overview | The Tele Science Center (TSC) provides a separate mission control room in the Houston Mission Control Center that allows for privatized video and communications to support NASA’s Human Research Program sponsored investigations. 

Details |

Digital Voice Inter-Communications Equipment (DVICE) access 

  • Command path to Human Research Facility through Marshall Space Flight Center Payload Operations Center 
  • Live Station video
  • Ability to Privatize Comm and video from ISS 
  • Realtime ISS telemetry 
  • Backup power from standby Generator 
  • MSE and MCE workstations 

Decompression Sickness Mitigations 

Overview | Johnson Space Center is a hub for decompression sickness research and management. Resident experts exist within research and operational aerospace medicine, dive medicine, dive physiology, decompression physiology, and exercise physiology, as well as a wide variety of engineering disciplines, including computer science and space suit engineering. This expertise coupled with cutting edge technology development enables NASA to implement leading prevention and treatment modalities for decompression sickness, not only in the operational high altitude and space environments, but in the diving environment as well. 

Details | Johnson Space Center utilizes state of the art software systems to help experts better understand decompression physics and physiology by modeling tissue absorption of inert gases such as nitrogen, nitrogen bubble formation, and nitrogen offgassing during decompression. These analyses enable NASA to better assess the risk of decompression sickness during Center Operations and to help minimize and mitigate such risks. This includes the development of pre-breathe protocols to reduce risk of decompression sickness during extravehicular activities or during suit testing and the development of operational procedures to minimize decompression sickness risk during extravehicular activity training at the Neutral Buoyancy Laboratory (NBL).  

  • Pre-Diving Medical Risk Assessment and Mitigation 
  • Operational Medical Support 
  • Emergency Medical Response Procedures and Capabilities 

Cold Stowage 

Overview | The Cold Stowage team is part of the International Space Station (ISS) Program. JSC manages the operation, support and integration tasks provided by Jacobs Technology and the University of Alabama Birmingham (UAB). Cold stowage provides controlled environments to meet temperature requirements during ascent, on-orbit operations, and return, in relation to ISS payload science. 

Details | NASA’s vision for humans pursuing deep space flight involves the collection of science in low earth orbit aboard the ISS. As a service to the science community, JSC has developed hardware and processes to preserve collected sincere on the ISS and transfer it safely back to the Principal Investigators. These active and passive cold stowage systems include an array of freezers, refrigerators, and incubators. JSC’s Cold Stowage Lab can perform hold tests, fit checks, and thermal tests by request. Equipment in the lab allows the team to test articles at temperatures ranging between -196° C to +200° C. The team also provides support to payload developers through launch, on-orbit operations, and landing. 

Nutritional Biochemistry Laboratory 

Overview | The primary goal of the Nutritional Biochemistry Laboratory is to keep crews healthy from a nutrition perspective on space missions. This includes determining the nutritional requirements for extended-duration spaceflight, and to develop, evaluate, and validate nutritional countermeasures to prevent or minimize the negative effects of long-duration spaceflight on the human. The activities cover both operations and research efforts. The primary operational activity is the support of the Clinical Nutritional Assessment profile, which includes biochemical assessments before and after International Space Station flights, along with dietary intake and body mass monitoring during these long-duration (4 to 6 month) missions. In addition to general dietary intake issues, several specific nutrients are also of concern, including vitamin D, folate, calcium, iron, and more. 

Details | The role of nutrition in physiologic systems (e.g., bone, muscle, cardiovascular, ocular, and immune) during spaceflight is critical, as is the role in behavioral health and performance. 

  • Performing scientific expertise and support for nutrition-related research and studies of the role of genetics on nutritional requirements 
  • Collaborating and contributing to writing proposals and scientific articles 
  • Performing analysis of nutritional, biochemical and physiological markers (e.g., bone markers)
  • Performing crew training on nutrition/diet 
  • Collecting/analyzing dietary intake data 
  • Providing dietary counseling 
  • Developing, evaluating and validating of nutritional countermeasures and technologies 
  • Collaborating with space food scientists to provide dietary and nutritional requirements for space food products tailored for each DRM 

Radiation Monitoring, Protection and Exposure Analysis 

Overview | The Space Radiation Analysis Group (SRAG) offers many unique capabilities at the intersection of technology development, data analysis, statistics, information technology, health care, and radiation safety. It deals with the resources, devices, and methods required to predict, monitor, and minimize crew radiation exposure. 

Details |

Console Monitoring and Support 

Johnson Space Center (JSC) has more than 50 years of operational spaceflight experience and provides round-the-clock solar radiation environment monitoring for human spaceflight operations support. SRAG also routinely participates in flight rule development; alert warning systems integration; and space weather forecast modeling. These four capabilities will help JSC ensure safe human spaceflight operations in the upcoming exploration missions beyond Low Earth Orbit. 

Radiation Testing and Logistics 

JSC routinely coordinates and conducts radiation instrument measurements at various medical and accelerator facilities around the world. These measurements are used for instrument calibration, algorithm development, requirements verification, and multi-instrument comparisons. 

Radiation Monitoring and Measurements 

JSC has unique expertise and capabilities to assess extreme environment operations, dosimetry, radiation environment measurements, and design and shielding analyses with a very strong reliance on information technology as well as leveraging technology development in radiation detection. JSC offers personal radiation exposure monitoring using personal active detectors. JSC also performs intra- and extra-vehicular radiation environment monitoring and characterization using many passive and active detectors (ranging from micro-dosimeters to charged/neutral particle spectrometers). Currently, JSC is utilizing the International Space Station (ISS) as a development/ certification testbed for future exploration-class instrumentation that will enable high fidelity measurements in simultaneous low mass/low power configurations. 

Aircraft Operations and Logistics

Oversized Cargo Transportation 

Overview | The NASA Super Guppy has an immense cargo area and can transport oversized cargo. 

Details |

  • The Super Guppy cargo area is 25 feet in diameter and 111 feet long
  • An integrated process to support cargo assessment and integration, test readiness, and mission execution
  • A unique hinged nose that opens 110°, permitting full frontal cargo loading 
  • Super Guppy pallets or fixtures designed for specific cargo interface with cargo compartment rails and cargo loaders 

Direct Crew Return 

Overview | The Gulfstream aircraft provide a reliable, configurable, and comfortable airborne platform to support the Soyuz Direct and Commercial Crew Program Crew Return missions. 

Details |

  • Provide direct return capability of crew from spacecraft landing site to Johnson Space Center
  • Aircraft modified to provide the necessary medical care to deconditioned astronauts 

NASA Airborne Science Program 

Overview | The Gulfstream (GIII) aircraft supports the NASA Airborne Science Program and provides a reliable, configurable, and comfortable airborne platform to the earth science community and other customers to support scientific research and advanced technology development and testing worldwide. 

Details |

  • An integrated process to support payload design and integration, test readiness, and mission execution
  • The aircraft can be modified to meet customer needs 
  • The cabin can be configured with standard equipment racks and operator consoles 
  • Up to 15 mission crew/passengers can be accommodated depending on internal cabin configuration 
  • An external pod for radar, lidar, or other instrumentation is available 

WB-57 High Altitude Research Program 

Overview | The NASA WB-57 Program provides unique, high-altitude airborne platforms to US Government agencies, academic institutions, and commercial customers to support scientific research and advanced technology development and testing at locations around the world. The WB-57 is a mid-wing, long-range aircraft capable of operation for extended periods of time from sea level to altitudes in excess of 60,000 feet. 

Details |

  • The aircraft can fly for 6.5 hours, has a range of 2500 miles, and carry up to 6000 lbs. of payload
  • Multiple payload mounting locations, power options, and air-to-ground communication options 
  • Can support both pressurized and unpressurized payloads 
  • Mission examples include atmospheric and earth science, ground mapping, cosmic dust collection, rocket launch support, and test bed operations for future airborne and spaceborne systems
  • An integrated process to support payload design, integration, test readiness, and mission execution 

Mockups and Simulations

Gateway Mockups 

Overview | Mockups of Gateway modules are available to allow for training and operational assessments. 

Details |

  • Habitation and Logistics Outpost (HALO) mockup at the Space Vehicle Mockup Facility (SVMF) represents the first pressurized element for NASA’s lunar Gateway
  • Habitable living space, science operations, mission sortie preparations, communication with ground and lunar assets, and space for physical exercise equipment for 4 crew for up to 30 days 
  • The HALO mockup can be used for engineering and operations evaluations, interior layout assessments and mission training 
  • Additional Gateway mockups will be added to the SVMF in the future 
  • An integrated process to support operations assessments, integration, test readiness, and execution
  • All mockups are available to support troubleshooting on the ground any time problems develop on-orbit in real-time 

ISS Mockups 

Overview | Mockups of all International Space Station habitat modules allow for integrated training and operational assessments. 

Details |

  • High-fidelity ISS mockups support engineering and operations evaluations such as cargo transfer operations, on-orbit stowage evaluations, fit checks, and procedure development and verification
  • An integrated process to support operations assessments, integration, test readiness, and execution
  • Activities supported include emergency operations, on-orbit maintenance, photo/TV, stowage and handling, EVA/airlock operations, routine operations, and scientific payload operations 
  • All mockups and part-task trainers are available to support troubleshooting on the ground any time problems develop on-orbit in real-time 

Integrated Simulations of Missions 

Overview | Integrated simulations of missions enable the team to practice management of integrated systems and activities in both nominal and off-nominal scenarios. 

Details |

  • Facilitating simulations that support full-task and part-task training activities for flight controllers and crew
  • Crew and flight controllers responding to simulation generated data on their displays 
  • Simulation capabilities including video/audio, flight-like crew displays, and hardware and instructor/operator interfaces
  • Supporting training activities that include control center and simulation within JSC and remote locations 
  • Supporting verification of flight operations procedures and real-time flight operations 

Simulation Architecture for Mission Training 

Overview | NASA JSC has developed a simulation architecture for mission training that supports multiple activities and programs with common core elements and specialization where needed to optimize development and training results. 

Details | The simulation computer architecture incorporates a suite of common simulation hosts to support full and part-task training. Commercial off the shelf (COTS) hardware, trick simulation framework, and virtual computers running binary flight software provide high-fidelity simulations across various training devices. 

  • A Space Network simulation 
  • A common simulation interface structure for external partners 
  • A capability for training and testing participants to access an activity from a remote location 

Additional Capabilities

Astronauts/Crew Perspective 

Overview | Astronauts provide a unique and vitally important perspective on spacecraft design, operations, and safety. NASA JSC Flight Operations Directorate (FOD) selects, protects, and provides flight crews for NASA human space flight missions. With hundreds of astronauts selected since the inaugural class in 1959, NASA’s Astronaut Corps has unparalleled experience in human spaceflight activities. Astronauts support NASA human space flight programs that require crew input and expertise. 

Details |

  • Evaluating, testing, and development of new vehicle designs, hardware, and operations
  • Providing valuable operations experience to help ensure crew safety 
  • Advocating from the unique perspective of the end user and highlighting items that may impact mission safety and success 

End-to-End Mission Planning 

Overview | Individual mission planning covers all mission preparation activities required for safe and successful mission operations. NASA JSC Flight Operations Directorate (FOD) leads and executes all phases of NASA human spaceflight operations team. 

Details |

  • Understands strategic objectives, integrates the mission requirements among domestic and international partners and defines the mission concept
  • Participates in required integration planning at both the individual mission level and across missions and programs 
  • Prepares, covers nominal, contingency, and emergency operations planning 
  • Performs trajectory design tasks such as ascent design (launch windows, profiles, aborts, etc.), rendezvous design (burn plans), and any unique analysis assessments
  • Develops operations products such as flight rules, flight techniques, launch commit criteria, ground rules & constraints, mission timelines, crew and ground procedures, and flight system performance predictions 
  • Defines an integration plan: software integration, operations safety integration, operations reviews, and certification of flight readiness (CoFR) 

Discipline Specific Operations

Range Safety 

Overview | Flight Operations Directorate (FOD) Flight Dynamics enables the execution of dynamic spacecraft operations for safe and successful human spaceflight missions. 

Details |

  • Range Safety analysis, flight rules, and tailoring of criteria for rocket launches and spacecraft reentry
  • Assessment of public risk for re-entry or breakup of spacecraft 

Navigation and Orbit Determination 

Overview | Flight Operations Directorate (FOD) Flight Dynamics enables the execution of dynamic spacecraft operations for safe and successful human spaceflight missions. 

Details |

  • Orbit determination and spacecraft navigation updates for low earth orbit and cis-lunar space
  • Utilization of C-band, TDRS, and Deep Space Network for spacecraft navigation 
  • Specialized tools for high-speed C-band tracking 

Spacecraft Pointing and Attitude Determination 

Overview | Flight Operations Directorate (FOD) Flight Dynamics enables the execution of dynamic spacecraft operations for safe and successful human spaceflight missions. 

Details |

  • Spacecraft attitude determination utilizing onboard sensors for star tracking and inertial measurement
  • Spacecraft attitude analysis to meet thermal, power, or other spacecraft requirements 
  • Sensor pointing to meeting specific earth or lunar targeting requirements 

Trajectory Design/Special Analysis 

Overview | Flight Operations Directorate (FOD) Flight Dynamics enables the execution of dynamic spacecraft operations for safe and successful human spaceflight missions. 

Details |

  • Flight dynamics expertise provided across multiple programs and vehicles, always incorporating the crew perspective
  • Development of launch windows, the ascent profile, ascent abort mode boundaries and representative abort trajectories 
  • Trajectories and impact predictions for launch vehicle stages and orbital insertion targets 
  • Deorbit opportunities, deorbit maneuvers, crew module to system module separation maneuvers and impact predictions 
  • Entry interface targets and entry corridors, and entry profiles for targeted landing sites 

Rendezvous and Proximity Operations 

Overview | Flight Operations Directorate (FOD) Flight Dynamics enables the execution of dynamic spacecraft operations for safe and successful human spaceflight missions. 

Details |

  • Development of rendezvous techniques and manual piloting procedures
  • Astronaut training for rendezvous and proximity operations 
  • Development of rendezvous techniques and manual piloting procedures 
  • Collision avoidance tools and techniques for spacecraft rendezvous and proximity operations
  • Rendezvous maneuver plans and spacecraft separation maneuvers 

Crew Exercise On-Orbit Systems Management 

Overview | JSC is the world leader for providing sustaining engineering and systems management for exercise devices. 

Details |

Exercise Flight Systems Operations 

  • Data collection and analysis 
  • Life tracking, sparing inventory and manifesting
  • Preventive and corrective maintenance plans and procedures development 
  • Risk management 
  • In-flight anomaly investigation, troubleshooting and resolution 
  • Flight readiness assessments 

Device Sustaining Engineering and Systems Management on ISS 

  • Treadmills (TVIS and T2/COLBERT) 
  • Bike (CEVIS) 
  • Resistive Exercise (IRED and ARED) 
  • Health Monitoring (BP/ECG and Heart Rate)
  • Vibration Isolation and Stabilization (VIS) 

Robotics Sustaining Engineering for Human-Rated Space Vehicles 

Overview | Expertise is available in maintaining a safe efficient robotic capability to maximize science and robotic operational life and sustaining engineering and systems management for on-orbit robotics, including these on ISS, Gateway, and Low-Earth Orbit vehicle providers. 

Details |

  • Robotic Mission Planning Review (Procedure review/update, Flight Rules, etc.)
  • Real-time robotics system expertise for nominal and off-nominal operations
  • Anomaly investigation and resolution of technical issues with robotic systems and interfaces to dependent systems 
  • Define, update, and maintain robotic system requirements and verifications 
  • Review change proposals, waivers, deviations, and exceptions 
  • Perform trending of robotics systems health 
  • Integration support with external equipment
  • Provide software build feature/capability priorities to robotic SW designers (in house or out) 
  • Testing and evaluation of payloads for robotic compatibility (including Flight Support Equipment and latching) 
  • Perform Berthing Camera/Target System implementation tasks for Visiting Vehicles and payload, including overlay development 
  • Visiting Vehicle robotic development support 
  • Integration of payloads as pertains to robotic compatibility
  • Development of robotics requirements for payload handling 
  • Review exceptions to requirements and initial verification products 
  • Coordinate issues/concerns/questions with SMEs 
  • Review verification submittals 
  • Coordinate operations
  • Robotics Human-Machine Interface 
  • Develop some integrated SW that utilizes vehicle telemetry to report data to users in intuitive ways 
  • Develop SW to assist operators in development of on-console products 
The View From Mission Control
Expedition 64 flight controllers on console in FCR during U.S. EVA # 72 for ISS Upgrades III. Photo Date: March 5, 2021. Location: Building 30 – FCR-1. Photographer: Robert Markowitz
JSC Aircraft Ops WB-57 Science Campaign – Asian Summer Monsoon Chemical and Climate Impact Project (ACCLIP). Photo Date: August 17, 2021. Location: Ellington Field – Hangar 990 & 994.
Photographer: Robert Markowitz
Interior of the Orion Medium Fidelity Mockup at the Johnson Space Center in Houston on May 11, 2016.
The Boeing extrication team train on the Boeing Mock-up Trainer from May 25 through May 28, 2018, at NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston. The extrication team is comprised of firefighters from various U.S. Boeing sites. Each member of the team brings an expertise in Aerospace Confined Space Rescue, are Emergency Medical Technicians and have years of rescue experience. The team is highly motivated to getting the crew out quickly, safely and efficiently. The training at Johnson included suit training, side hatch egress, and Intravehicular Activity (IVA) rigging and egress. The week included a run for record on IVA egress for a testing requirement. Participants also included NASA Medical, the 45th Operations Group’s Detachment 3, based at Patrick Air Force Base, and U.S. Air Force pararescue representation.
A group of U.S. Navy divers, Air Force pararescumen and Coast Guard rescue swimmers practice Orion underway recovery techniques this week in the Neutral Buoyancy Laboratory (NBL) at NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston on Sept. 21, 2016, to prepare for the first test flight of an uncrewed Orion spacecraft with the agency’s Space Launch System rocket during Artemis I. Photo: NASA / Radislav Sinyak
NASA’s international astronaut corps greets NASA Chief Astronaut Joe Acaba and NASA Flight Operations Director Norm Knight on stage during the Monday, April 3, 2023, Artemis II crew announcement news conference at Ellington Field near NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston. The crew is comprised of Commander Reid Wiseman, Pilot Victor Glover, and Mission Specialists Christina Koch and Jeremy Hansen. The four astronauts will venture around the Moon on Artemis II, the first crewed mission on NASA’s path to establishing a long-term presence at the Moon for science and exploration through Artemis.
The Boeing Mission Simulator is moved to NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston. The simulator is a full-scale mockup of Boeing’s Starliner spacecraft. The simulator will be used to train crews to fly the spacecraft.