Gemini 1 was an uncrewed orbital test of the Titan 2 launch vehicle, the Gemini spacecraft structural integrity, and the launch vehicle-spacecraft compatibility. The test covered all phases through the orbital insertion phase. Other objectives were to check out launch vehicle-spacecraft launch heating conditions, launch vehicle performance, launch vehicle flight control system switch-over circuits, launch vehicle orbit insertion accuracy, and the malfunction detection system. This was the first production Gemini spacecraft and launch vehicle.
Uncrewed Test Flight
4 hours, 50 minutes
April 8, 1964
April 8, 1964
S64-21560 (8 April 1964) — Gemini/Titan-II launch vehicle #1 liftoff at Cape Kennedy, Florida.
NASA space science data coordinated archive
The NSSDC provides an in-depth overview of the Gemini I mission objectives, spacecraft, and program.
NASA Astronaut Ed White made history on June 3, 1965, when he floated out of the hatch of his Gemini 4 capsule into the void of space. The first American “spacewalk” – or Extravehicular Activity (EVA) – lasted 23 minutes, not nearly long enough for White. He later said the spacewalk was the most comfortable part of the mission, and said the order to end it was the “saddest moment” of his life.
White was attached to the capsule by a 25 foot umbilical cord. He initially used a gas powered gun held in his hand to maneuver. After the first three minutes the fuel ran out and White moved around by twisting his body and pulling on the cord.
This photograph of White’s spacewalk was taken by Gemini 4 Commander James McDivitt, still inside the spacecraft.
Project Gemini: Apollo’s Training Ground
On May 5, 1961, Alan Shepard’s Mercury flight was inked in history books. Twenty days later, President John F. Kennedy…