The first operational mission of the Shuttle, which deployed two commercial satellites.
5 days, 2 hours, 14 minutes and 26 seconds
Nov. 11, 1982
Nov. 16, 1982
S82-36286 (15 Aug. 1982) — These four men were aboard the space shuttle Columbia for NASA’s first operational Space Transportation System (STS) mission. They are astronauts Vance D. Brand (second left), STS-5 commander; Robert F. Overmyer (second right), pilot; and Joseph P. Allen (left) and William B. Lenoir, both mission specialists. They pose with a space shuttle model and the official insignia for STS-5.
Vance D. Brand
Astronaut Vance D. Brand was of the 19 astronauts selected by NASA in April 1966. Over his career he flew on four space missions. He was Apollo command module pilot on the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) mission in 1975. Brand later commanded space shuttle flights STS-5, STS-41B, and STS-35 in 1982, 1984 and 1990 respectively. He has logged 746 hours in space.
STS005-07-267 (12 Nov. 1982) — A pre-set 35mm camera’s exposure of all four STS-5 astronaut crew members reveals a bit of their humorous side. The sign held by astronaut Vance D. Brand, crew commander, refers to the successful deployment of two commercial communications satellites on the flight’s first two days. Brand is surrounded by, clockwise, left to right, astronauts William B. Lenoir, mission specialist, Robert F. Overmyer, pilot, and Joseph O. Allen IV, mission specialist, in the middeck area of the Earth-orbiting space shuttle Columbia.
Robert F. Overmyer
Robert F. Overmyer was selected as a NASA astronaut in 1969 after the MOL Program was canceled. He was a support crew member for Apollo 17 and the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project. In 1976, he was assigned duties on the Space Shuttle Approach and Landing Test (ALT) Program and then served as the pilot on the STS-5 and commander of STS 51-B Shuttle flights.
STS005-15-588 (13 Nov. 1982) — Astronaut Robert F. Overmyer, STS-5 pilot, enjoys a meal from a jury-rigged set-up in the middeck area of the Earth-orbiting space shuttle Columbia.
Joseph P. Allen
Dr. Joseph Allen was a research associate in the Nuclear Physics Laboratory at the University of Washington prior to his selection as an scientist-astronaut in August 1967. He was a mission specialist on STS-5 and STS-51A and has logged a total of 314 hours in space.
S82-39790 (11-15 Nov. 1982) — Astronaut Joseph P. Allen IV, STS-5 mission specialist, lets a spot-meter float freely for a moment during a period devoted to out-the-window photographs of Earth from orbiting space shuttle Columbia. Dr. Allen is on the flight deck of the reusable space vehicle and positioned behind the pilot’s station.
William B. Lenoir
Dr. William Lenoir was selected as a scientist-astronaut by NASA in August 1967 and was a backup science-pilot for Skylab 3 and 4. He travelled to space on STS-5 and then took a role in the Astronaut Office.
STS005-03-110 (11-16 Nov. 1982) — Astronaut William B. Lenoir, STS-5 mission specialist, holding a 70mm HASSELBLAD camera, observes scenery through a window on the aft flight deck of the space shuttle. Window W7 appears overhead. Lenoir prepares to shoot images of the Earth through the window above his head.
Mission: Commercial Communications Satellites (ANIK C-3)/Satellite Business Systems (SBS-C) Space Shuttle: Columbia Launch Pad: 39A Launched: Nov. 11, 1982 at 7:19:00 a.m. EST Landing Site: Edwards Air Force Base, Calif. Landing: Nov. 16, 1982 at 6:33:26 a.m. PST Runway: 22 Rollout Distance: 9,553 feet Rollout Time: 63 seconds Revolution: 82 Mission Duration: 5 days, 2 hours, 14 minutes and 26 seconds Returned to KSC: Nov. 22, 1982 Orbit Altitude: 184 nautical miles Orbit Inclination: 28.5 degrees Miles Traveled: 2.1 million
This first shuttle operational mission deployed two commercial communications satellites, ANIK C-3 for TELESAT Canada and SitS-C for Satellite Business Systems. Each satellite was equipped with a Payload Assist Module-D (PAM-D) solid rocket motor, which fired about 45 minutes after deployment, placing each satellite into a highly elliptical orbit. One Get Away Special and three Shuttle Student Involvement Program (SSIP) experiments were conducted. The first scheduled space walk of the shuttle program was canceled due to a malfunction of the space suit.
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