New Crew Arrives at Space Station
The Soyuz spacecraft with the 10th International Space Station crew, Astronaut Leroy Chiao and Cosmonaut Salizhan Sharipov, docked to the orbiting laboratory at 12:16 a.m. EDT Saturday.
Sharipov guided the Soyuz to a manual docking after the automated Kurs rendezvous system failed. The crew had trained extensively for manual approach, and the docking proceeded without incident.
Crewmembers completed the opening of hatches between the two spacecraft at 3:13 a.m. EDT.
Image left: The ISS Soyuz 9 spacecraft (left) carrying the Expedition 10 crew arrives at the International Space Station just moments before linking with the Pirs Docking Compartment. Credit: NASA TV. View the Expedition 10 gallery.
Expedition 10's Soyuz TMA capsule launched Wednesday at 11:06 p.m. EDT from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, and reached orbit a little less than nine minutes after liftoff.
Also aboard the Soyuz is Russian Space Forces Test Cosmonaut Yuri Shargin. Expedition 10's Chiao and Sharipov will spend about six months aboard the Space Station. Shargin will spend eight days on the Station conducting scientific experiments, and return to Earth with the Expedition 9 crew.
That crew, Commander Gennady Padalka and NASA ISS Science Officer Mike Fincke, has been on the Station since April. Expedition 9 will leave the station Oct. 23 in the Soyuz that brought them to the orbiting laboratory. Landing is scheduled for 8:32 p.m. EDT that day in Kazakhstan.
Highlights of the new crew's mission include two spacewalks, arrival of two unpiloted Progress supply capsules, and preparation for the arrival of the first Space Shuttle to visit the International Space Station since the Space Shuttle Columbia accident.
The Expedition 10 commander, Chiao, 44, also will have the role of NASA ISS Science Officer. Sharipov, 40, also has two assignments: ISS flight engineer and commander of the Soyuz spacecraft bringing the new crew to the Station.
Chiao holds a master's and doctorate in chemical engineering from the University of California at Santa Barbara. He worked in advanced aerospace research before joining NASA as an astronaut in 1990. He is a veteran of three Shuttle flights.
Sharipov is a colonel in the Russian Air Force and a former fighter pilot and pilot instructor. He was selected as a cosmonaut in 1990. He has flown one space mission, aboard Space Shuttle Endeavour in 1998 on STS-89, a mission to Mir.
Image above: The launch is the beginning of a two-day journey to the International Space Station for Expedition 10 Commander Leroy Chiao and Flight Engineer Salizhan Sharipov. Also on aboard the Soyuz is Russian Space Forces Test Cosmonaut Yuri Shargin. In the picture above Chiao is at far right and Salizhan is at left. Photo credit: NASA TV
Chiao and Sharipov are the Station's fourth two-person crew. After the Columbia accident on Feb. 1, 2003, the ISS Program and the international partners determined that because of limitations on supplies the Station would be occupied by two crewmembers instead of three until the Shuttle flights resume.
It's about exploration, Chiao said. "By our nature, human beings are explorers. We're curious. We need to see what's on the other side of that mountain. All kinds of benefits come out of that. The Space Station is right along those lines."
Sharipov agreed. "New technologies, advanced technologies, are necessary to support spaceflights, and we learn new technologies while we are performing science in space. This is what we are contributing to humanity, to progress."
Both spacewalks, the first in January and the second in March, will continue external outfitting of the Space Station. They will complete installation of communications equipment on the Zvezda Service Module to prepare for the arrival of the European Space Agency's unpiloted Automated Transfer Vehicle in the fall of 2005. That spacecraft can carry 2 1/2 times as much cargo.
On both spacewalks, Chiao and Sharipov will wear Russian Orlan spacesuits and use the Russian Pirs Docking Compartment airlock.
Chiao and Sharipov also will get the Station ready to welcome the Space Shuttle Discovery on its STS-114 flight. Discovery will bring a Multi-Purpose Logistics Module (MPLM) packed with equipment and supplies to the Station. It will take the MPLM home filled with unneeded Station equipment and trash.
Image right: Expedition 10 Commander Leroy Chiao gives a "thumbs up" on the way to the launch pad. Photo Credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls. Click for larger image
Chiao and Sharipov will pack hardware that has accumulated on the Station since the grounding of Shuttle flights. The equipment is designated for return to Earth on both STS-114 and the subsequent Shuttle flight, STS-121.
Science will continue, much of it with facilities and samples already on the Space Station. The Expedition 10 research agenda remains flexible. It includes experiments in human life sciences and space operations.
The science team at the Payload Operations Center at the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala., will operate some experiments without crew input and other experiments are designed to function autonomously.
The 10th crew's first unpiloted Progress cargo craft should arrive in late December. It will be followed by another Progress in March.
Chiao and Sharipov also will work with the Station's robotic arm, Canadarm2. Their activities will focus on observations of the outside of the Station, maintaining operator proficiency, and completing the checkout of the Canadarm2 system.