COMMERCIAL CREW PROGRAM
Enabling safe, reliable and cost-effective crew transportation to and from the International Space Station…

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Current Mission

Demo-1

To see highlights from the mission, click HERE

The inaugural flight of Crew Dragon, known as Demo-1, will be uncrewed and is designed to validate end-to-end systems and capabilities, leading to certification to fly crew.

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For all of the latest updates, visit the Commercial Crew Program blog HERE.





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Working side-by-side with our two partners:






What is Commercial Crew?



NASA’s Commercial Crew Program is working with the American aerospace industry as companies develop and operate a new generation of spacecraft and launch systems capable of carrying crews to low-Earth orbit and the International Space Station. Commercial transportation to and from the station will provide expanded utility, additional research time and broader opportunities for discovery on the orbiting laboratory.

The station is a critical testbed for NASA to understand and overcome the challenges of long-duration spaceflight. As commercial companies focus on providing human transportation services to and from low-Earth orbit, NASA is freed up to focus on building spacecraft and rockets for deep space missions.




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How is Commercial Crew Different?


The Commercial Crew Program represents a revolutionary approach to government and commercial collaborations for the advancement of space exploration. To learn more, click HERE.


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Meet The Crew

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In January, 2019, NASA announced that astronaut Mike Fincke would replace Eric Boe for Boeing's Crew Flight Test.




The Crew Behind "The Crew"


Behind every triumph of space exploration are thousands of men and women, focused, determined, and committed to success. The Commercial Crew Program is no different.


For more information on some of the amazing men and women who made Commercial Crew possible, click HERE.

Preparing for the Next Giant Leap





Dawn of a New Era


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Astronaut Training


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Nine U.S. astronauts are working with Boeing or SpaceX for specific mission training. The crew are working side-by-side with Boeing and SpaceX to understand the new spacecraft and launch systems, the spacesuits, and refining how they’re going to operate in space.

The astronauts also are preparing to live and work aboard the space station, where they could stay for up to six months. The astronauts go through significant preparation for space station missions, including learning how to conduct spacewalks, maintain the space station and perform a myriad of research investigations covering all scientific disciplines.

The astronauts have participated in many nominal and off-nominal mission simulations, studying every aspect of their spacecraft, as well as launch, in-orbit and landing procedures. This intense work ensures they are prepared for any situation that may arise during their mission.

Images below link to the image as found on flickr.


Timeline



NASA invests about $50 million for Commercial Crew Development Round 1 (CCDev1) to stimulate efforts within the private sector to aid in the development and demonstration of safe, reliable and cost-effective crew transportation capabilities. Companies include:
• Blue Origin
• Boeing
• Paragon Space Development Corporation
• Sierra Nevada Corporation
• United Launch Alliance


2010

2011


NASA continues to develop partnerships with industry through Commercial Crew Development Round 2 (CCDev2) by awarding nearly $270 million to four companies, and providing expertise to an additional three companies to further development and demonstration of safe, reliable and cost-effective transportation capabilities. The agency's funded agreements are with:
• Blue Origin
• Boeing
• Sierra Nevada Corporation
• SpaceX
The agency's unfunded agreements are with:
• Alliant Techsystems Inc.
• Excalibur Almaz Inc.
• United Launch Alliance



Commercial Crew Integrated Capability (CCiCap) continues the development of three fully integrated systems in August 2012. The Space Act Agreements call for industry partners to develop crew transportation capabilities and to perform tests to verify, validate and mature integrated designs. Companies include:
• Boeing
• Sierra Nevada Corporation
• SpaceX


2012

2013


Kick off of the Certification Products Contracts (CPC), is the first of a two-phase certification plan. The three U.S. companies work with NASA to develop data products to implement the agency's flight safety and performance requirements. This includes implementation across all aspects of the space system, including the spacecraft, launch vehicle, and ground and mission operations. NASA awards a total of about $30 million under the CPC contracts. Companies include:
• Boeing
• Sierra Nevada Corporation
• SpaceX



Commercial Crew Transportation Capability (CCtCap), the second of a two-phase certification plan for commercially built and operated integrated crew transportation systems begins. Through its certification efforts, NASA will ensure the selected commercial transportation systems meet the agency’s safety and performance requirements for transporting NASA crew to the International Space Station. NASA awards a total of $6.8 billion under CCtCap contracts. Companies include:
• Boeing
• SpaceX



NASA names four astronauts as Commercial Crew Cadre to work with Boeing and SpaceX as the companies refine their spacecraft systems. The crew provides invaluable user experience feedback to help shape their hardware and systems to ensure they are ready for flight. Astronauts include:
Bob Behnken
Eric Boe
Doug Hurley
Suni Williams



• Boeing and SpaceX design and manufacture hardware for testing to ensure their spacecraft can handle the harsh environment of space.
The International Docking Adapter, or IDA, is installed on the International Space Station. Two IDAs will ultimately serve as the docking points for Boeing's CST-100 Starliner and SpaceX's Crew Dragon.



• Boeing and SpaceX continue development and testing to prepare for emergency situations and ensure human safety.
• Boeing and SpaceX unveil brand new spacesuits to be worn by crews while on board each company's spacecraft.




Testing ramps up and nears completion for Boeing and SpaceX as they prepare their hardware, systems, flight crews and ground support teams for launch.
NASA assigns nine astronauts to crew Boeing and SpaceX's test flights and first operational missions on Starliner and Crew Dragon.


2019


Flight Test Schedule:
• SpaceX Demo-1 (March 2019)
• Boeing Orbital Test Flight (NET April 2019)
• Boeing Pad Abort Test (Between OFT and CFT)
• SpaceX In-Flight Abort Test (Between Demo-1 and Demo-2)
• SpaceX Demo-2 (July 2019)
• Boeing Crew Flight Test (NET August 2019)

At the successful conclusion of crewed test flights for both Boeing and SpaceX, NASA will certify each company's systems, and operational missions will begin with the flight of Starliner-1 and Crew Dragon-1.

A National Investment

NASA, Boeing, and SpaceX, with the help of contractors throughout America, are on the cusp of something amazing. Men and women at locations across the country have dedicated countless hours to the Commercial Crew Program to achieve a common goal: restore our nation’s ability to launch humans to the International Space Station from U.S. soil.

This government-private industry partnership has significant economic benefits, with more than 1,000 suppliers employing workers in all 50 states to support commercial crew spacecraft systems. Great minds are applying their most efficient and innovative approaches to launch astronauts back into low-Earth orbit on American-made spacecraft and rockets.


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Safety and Innovation

Crew safety remains NASA’s primary responsibility and priority for all human spaceflight programs. Since the beginning of NASA’s Commercial Crew Program, safety has been built into the agency’s requirements as a direct result of NASA’s extensive experience in human spaceflight systems development and operations.

NASA and its commercial partners, Boeing and SpaceX, have developed systems that prioritize crew safety and survival, including launch pad emergency escape and egress systems. When commercial crew launches astronauts on test flights, both companies will have completed an uncrewed flight test to the International Space Station and demonstrated their ability to safely fly astronauts away from an emergency situation.

These commercial systems are required to meet NASA’s safety and performance requirements to be certified to transport NASA and international partner astronauts to the space station.



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