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Lesson Title: Earth's Attic: The Moon
April 4, 2012

Unit: Earth and Space Science - Earth Moon System

Grade Levels: 7-9

Connection To Curriculum: Earth Science and Astronomy

Teacher Prep Time: 2 hours

Complexity Advanced

Keywords: cratering, geometry, triangulation, geology, meteorite, meteorite origin

Materials:

Moon Crater and Regolith Activities
Assortment of pans
Low-cut boxes
Flour
Small rubber balls
Powder drink, chocolate
Tape measure/ruler
Printouts of data record sheets from lesson URL
Reaping Rocks
Assortment different types/classes (igneous, sedimentary, etc.) of small rocks
Printouts of data record sheets from lesson URL
Lava Layering
Paper cups, 4 oz. size; some cut down to a height of 2.5 cm
Cafeteria tray or cookie sheet, one for each eruption source
Tape
Tablespoon
Baking soda
Measuring cup
Vinegar
Food coloring, 4 colors
Playdough; same four colors as food coloring
Plastic knife, string or dental floss to slice through layers of playdough
 

Description
This lesson combines a series of activities to help students understand the physical characteristics of the moon.

Objectives
Students will:
• Create a simulation to model how craters and regolith are formed on the moon.
• Practice mathematical principles to determine lunar crater formation characteristics.
• Predict the origin of lunar rocks by first collecting, describing and classifying neighborhood rocks.
• Demonstrate how the stratigraphy of lava flows is produced by multiple eruptions.


First page of Earth's Attic: The Moon

Lesson Guide
Earth's Attic: The Moon Lesson
[106KB PDF file]

 

 

Professional Development Training Modules for This Lesson

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Lesson Activities and Sequence

  1. Moon Math: Craters! Supplemental Educator Guide
    Students investigate various determining factors that create different sizes and shapes of lunar craters.
    Keywords: impact, projectile, measurement, diameter, circumference, crater, moon, matrix table, data analysis, scientific process, angles, design process, math, angles, approximation, mass, area, volume, scale, sphere, proofs, equations, higher level

  2. Regolith Formation
    Students study how lunar surface material is created.
    Keywords: regolith, lunar surface, moon, cratering, maria, highlands, weathering impact craters, erosion, meteoritic bombardment

  3. Reaping Rocks
    Students have a chance to become "SCI rock investigators" by making predictions about the origin of lunar rocks by first collecting, describing and classifying neighborhood rocks.
    Keywords: rocks, minerals, moon, igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic, highlands, lowlands, maria, basaltic lava, geologist, classification, origin, moon facts

  4. Lava Layering
    Students learn about the stratigraphy of lava flows produced by multiple eruptions.
    Keywords: maria, basaltic lava, volcano, lava, eruption, geology, stratigraphy, channels, levees, lava layering

National Standards:

National Science Education Standards, NSTA
Earth and Space Science
• Earth in the solar system.
• Origin and evolution of the earth system.
• Structure of the earth system.

History and Nature of Science
• Science as a human endeavor.

Common Core State Standards for Mathematics, NCTM
Ratios and Proportional Relationships
• Analyze proportional relationships and use them to solve real-world and mathematical problems.

Expressions and Equations
• Understand the connections between proportional relationships, lines and linear equations.

ISTE NETS and Performance Indicators for Students, ISTE
Creativity and Innovation
• Apply existing knowledge to generate new ideas, products or processes.

Critical Thinking, Problem Solving and Decision Making
• Use multiple processes and diverse perspectives to explore alternative solutions.

 

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Page Last Updated: July 28th, 2013
Page Editor: NASA Administrator