Moon Math

Target Audience
  • Students
Hosting Center(s)
  • Goddard Space Flight Center
  • Armstrong Flight Research Center
Subject Category
  • Earth Science
  • Physical Science
Unit Correlation
  • Exploring Earth
Grade Level
  • 05-08
  • 09-12
Minimum Delivery Time
  • 050 min(s)
Maximum Connection Time
  • 060 min(s)

Event Focus

What kind of measurement can you make of the Moon?




This module is appropriate for video conference AND web conference presentation at Goddard Space Flight Center


This module is appropriate for video conference (not web conference) presentation ONLY at Dryden Flight Research Center

Can you land a spacecraft in the crater of a Moon? Does the distance between the Moon and Earth change during a lunar cycle? These questions and more can be answered by making simple measurements and collecting real data about the Moon. Moon Math is a two-part series, so students can learn how to apply basic measurement skills to applied science activities.


Instructional Objectives



The student will describe methods of measurement used every day.



The student will conduct basic measurement activities.



The student will compare the methods of nonstandard and indirect measurement.



The student will apply measurement skills to a scientific investigation.



The student will identify how to apply proportions in other methods of indirect measurement.


Sequence of Events


Pre-Conference Activities


Students will need rulers, paper and pencils for both events. For the second event, students will also need one full image of the Moon of their own choosing. This is assigned to them at the end of the first event.


Videoconference Activities


Moon Math Event 1:

Students are led through a question and answer period about basic measurement skills, measurement units, and measurement tools. A short hands-on activity will demonstrate to students how to make an indirect measurement. Students are then introduced to measurement uncertainty.


Moon Math Event 2:

Students are led through a hands-on activity to demonstrate margin of error and measurement uncertainty in scientific investigations. Students are then led into how to apply "remote" measurement skills to determine the size of a crater on the Moon.


Educator Guide        


Post-Conference Activities


* Schedule the second event directly with your DLN Coordinator.

* Teachers and students have the option to conduct their own scientific investigation about the moon by making a measurement.

* Teachers also have the option of scheduling a third event for students to present their projects back to NASA through the DLN.





* Abilities necessary to do scientific inquiry

* Understanding about scientific inquiry

* Earth in the solar system

* Understanding about science and technology


* Understand measurable attributes of objects and the units, systems, and processes of measurement

* Apply appropriate techniques, tools, and formulas to determine measurements

* Formulate questions that can be addressed with data and collect, organize, and display relevant data to answer them

* Develop and evaluate inferences and predictions that are based on data

* Communicate their mathematical thinking coherently and clearly to peers, teachers, and others

Technology (from International Society for Technology in Education):

* Students are proficient in the use of technology

* Students us technology tools to enhance learning, increase productivity and promote creativity.

* Students use productivity tools to collaborate in constructing technology-enhanced models, prepare publications and produce other creative works.

* Students use telecommunications to collaborate, publish, and interact with peers, experts, and other audiences.

* Students use technology tools to process data and report results.

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Page Last Updated: November 5th, 2014
Page Editor: NASA Administrator