Erasmus Recording Binocular - 2 (ERB-2) - 11.22.16

Overview | Description | Applications | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery

ISS Science for Everyone

Science Objectives for Everyone
Erasmus Recording Binocular - 2 (ERB-2) is a three-dimensional video camera that will take images of the environment onboard the ISS to create an accurate map of the ISS interior.
Science Results for Everyone
Soon you may be able to tune into The Space Channel. This second-generation 3D camera was used to create an accurate map of the space station interior. Its images of life and work on the station also have proven useful for education and public outreach. Live 3D images were transmitted from space to a support and operations center on the ground for the first time in August, 2011. ERB-2 achieved resolution compatible with current HDTV standards. Crewmembers now have the ability to perform live broadcasts and to downlink files of recorded video sessions from on-board the station.

The following content was provided by Massimo Sabbatini, and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.
Information provided courtesy of the Erasmus Experiment Archive.
Experiment Details


Principal Investigator(s)
Massimo Sabbatini, European Space Research and Technology Research Centre, Noordwijk, Netherlands

Information Pending

Information Pending

Sponsoring Space Agency
European Space Agency (ESA)

Sponsoring Organization
Information Pending

Research Benefits
Information Pending

ISS Expedition Duration
March 2010 - September 2013

Expeditions Assigned

Previous Missions
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Experiment Description

Research Overview

  • The ERB-2 is the second generation of the stereoscopic camera family which started with the ERB.

  • ERB-2 has Improved resolution: 1280 x 720 pixel (HD 720p), thereby achieving a compatible resolution with current commercial HDTV standards. With the ability to perform live broadcast of stereo films and downlink files of recorded video sessions using the High Rate Data Link (HRDL) available on-board the ISS via the European Drawer Rack (EDR).

Information Pending

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Space Applications
3D cameras proved a popular choice for astronauts to use during their free time on orbit: they act both as a central element of relaxation for astronauts while at the same time producing valuable imagery for use in education and promotion activities. Furthermore, with the history of developments in this technology, advances have been made to improve stereoscopic image quality and in creating robust data communication protocols that allow both the transmission in real-time of the compressed stereo signal and the control of the camera with minimal intervention of the crew, i.e. to get the recorded video down to earth. As such this technology is a building block to future developments which could prove advantageous in, for example, surface mapping during human exploration missions or in filming robotics/EVA activities in and around the ISS.

Earth Applications
These technologies are helping to feed into astronaut training programmes and improving ISS simulators. Footage from these technologies is furthermore helping to stimulate the public interest in the International Space Station in general, and more specifically generate the interest in children through providing a highly visual means to promote an interest in scientific research topics.

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Operational Requirements and Protocols
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Decadal Survey Recommendations

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Results/More Information

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Related Websites

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image NASA Image: ISS026E017685 - European Space Agency astronaut Paolo Nespoli, Expedition 26 flight engineer, works with European Recording Binocular (ERB2) hardware in the Harmony node of the International Space Station.
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