Monitoring Group Activity by Crewmembers During Spaceflight (Vzaimodeistvie (Interaction)) (Vzaimodeistvie (Interaction)) - 05.09.18

Overview | Description | Applications | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery

ISS Science for Everyone

Science Objectives for Everyone
Monitoring Group Activity by Crewmembers During Spaceflight (Vzaimodeistvie (Interaction)) obtains new data on interpersonal interaction and behavioral patterns of the ISS crews during long-term spaceflight. Results are used to improve the ability of future crew members to interact safely and effectively with each other and ground support personnel. The results may also be used to improve methods for crew selection, training, and inflight support.
Science Results for Everyone
Keeping the “international” in the International Space Station. Crew members’ personal and cultural differences and group dynamics can affect mission success. This investigation tested group dynamics, stress, and relationship changes in order to optimize crew selection, training, and support. Significant changes happened during the first month, little change during the next four months, and more significant change again in the final month. This confirmed that stress at various stages of long-term flight causes a partial change in self-perception and perception of others. The data also confirm the relevance of studying psychological similarity of crew members and taking into account the number of crew and their nationalities.

The following content was provided by V. I. Guschin, Vadim I. Gushin, Ph.D., M.D., and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.
Experiment Details

OpNom:

Principal Investigator(s)
V. I. Guschin, Institute of Medical and Biological Problems of Russian Academy of Sciences (IMBP RAS), Russia
Vadim I. Gushin, Ph.D., M.D., Institute for Biomedical Problems, Moscow, Russia

Co-Investigator(s)/Collaborator(s)
Information Pending

Developer(s)
Information Pending

Sponsoring Space Agency
Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)

Sponsoring Organization
Information Pending

Research Benefits
Information Pending

ISS Expedition Duration
October 2009 - September 2010; March 2011 - March 2015

Expeditions Assigned
21/22,23/24,27/28,29/30,31/32,33/34,35/36,37/38,39/40,41/42

Previous Missions
Information Pending

^ back to top

Experiment Description

Research Overview
Information Pending

Description
Information Pending

^ back to top

Applications

Space Applications
The results of the Vzaimodeystviye are used to improve systems for psychological selection and monitoring of group activity in flight, and also to identify sociopsychological problems and determine the presence of stress in interpersonal relationships within the crew. Consideration for the particulars related to the increasing number of crewmembers, and their different nationalities improves the effectiveness of joint habitation and work by the crew, particularly during long-term spaceflights.

Earth Applications
The individual experimental data that are obtained make it possible to conduct research on individual psychological parameters; these can be used to develop effective and reliable methods of diagnosing and predicting the organization level of small groups having various purposes that are involved in mutual activities (expeditions, sports, manufacturing, experiments, etc.).

^ back to top

Operations

Operational Requirements and Protocols
Information Pending

^ back to top

Decadal Survey Recommendations

Information Pending

^ back to top

Results/More Information

In order to fulfill the approved objectives of the experiment, it is necessary to study at least 20 ISS crew members. Scientific analysis of the results is performed upon accumulation of sufficient amount of data for statistical analysis in order to determine general patterns of group dynamics in an international ISS crew.

It is shown that the most marked changes took place over the course of the first month of flight. During the following 4 months of the increment, assessment oneself remained virtually unchanged. During the last month of flight, more marked changes describing communication, mood, and self-control come to the foreground. Thus, the results obtained confirm the proposed hypothesis that under the influence of stress at various stages of long-term spaceflight, a partial change takes place in self-perception and perception of other crewmembers, including the most significant criteria reflecting the person's basic values. Experimental data confirm the high significance and relevance of studying the degree of psychological closeness (similarity) of members of an international space crew, particularly taking into account the specific features of the current phase of work on the ISS, which are characterized by an increased number of cosmonauts and astronauts and their different nationalities.

^ back to top

Results Publications

    Suedfeld P, Brcic J, Johnson PJ, Gushin VI.  Coping strategies during and after spaceflight:: Data from retired cosmonauts. Acta Astronautica. 2015 May; 110: 43-49. DOI: 10.1016/j.actaastro.2014.12.011.

    Vinokhodova AG, Gushin VI.  Study of values and interpersonal perception in cosmonauts on board of International Space Station. Acta Astronautica. 2014 January; 93: 359-365. DOI: 10.1016/j.actaastro.2013.07.026. [Also: presented during the 63rd IAC in Naples.]

    Suedfeld P, Brcic J, Johnson PJ, Gushin VI.  Personal growth following long-duration spaceflight. Acta Astronautica. 2012 October; 79: 118-123. DOI: 10.1016/j.actaastro.2012.04.039.

    Johnson PJ, Asmaro D, Suedfeld P, Gushin VI.  Thematic content analysis of work–family interactions: Retired cosmonauts’ reflections. Acta Astronautica. 2012 December; 81(1): 306-317. DOI: 10.1016/j.actaastro.2012.07.032. [also presented during the 62nd IAC in Cape Town]

^ back to top

Ground Based Results Publications

^ back to top

ISS Patents

^ back to top

Related Publications

^ back to top

Related Websites
Energia - Science Research on the ISS Russian Segment

^ back to top


Imagery