Observation of the Reflective Characteristics of the Spacecraft Plasma Environment during Engine Firing in Space Using Ground-Based Instruments (Plazma-Progress) (Plazma-Progress (Plasma-Progress)) - 04.18.18

Overview | Description | Applications | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery

ISS Science for Everyone

Science Objectives for Everyone
Observation of the Reflective Characteristics of the Spacecraft Plasma Environment during Engine Firing in Space Using Ground-Based Instruments (Plazma-Progress) studies the plumes of liquid-propellant engines as they are ionized by the effect of solar radiation and atomic oxygen. As a result, a large-scale and comparatively dense plasma environment occurs around the International Space Station (ISS). This plasma environment changes the radiophysical properties of the environment and its dimensions correspond to the ISS dimensions.
Science Results for Everyone
This study examines how the firing of liquid-propellant rocket engines of spacecraft affects the low altitude space plasma (ionized gas) environments. Using specialized radar, researchers measured characteristics of plasma in the upper atmosphere aboard the Progress cargo transport with its engines firing and not firing, and identified the plasma created by engine firing. Researchers also analyzed Progress's reflective characteristics and plasma wakes in areas of the ionosphere that Progress flew through in both cases.

The following content was provided by V. I. Luk'yaschenko, and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.
Experiment Details

OpNom:

Principal Investigator(s)
V. I. Luk'yaschenko, Central Research Institute of Machine Building (TSNIIMASH), Russia

Co-Investigator(s)/Collaborator(s)
Information Pending

Developer(s)
Information Pending

Sponsoring Space Agency
Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)

Sponsoring Organization
Information Pending

Research Benefits
Information Pending

ISS Expedition Duration
April 2007 - October 2008

Expeditions Assigned
15,16,17

Previous Missions
Information Pending

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Experiment Description

Research Overview
Information Pending

Description
Information Pending

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Applications

Space Applications
Data on small-scale irregularities that form in the near-spacecraft area when liquid-propellant engines are fired will be used in studies of the ISS plasma environment and the electrical discharge situation on the station’s exterior surface.

Earth Applications
The results of Plazma-Progress answers contemporary questions about space research, including the physics of near-Earth space, the ionosphere and atmosphere, the study of solar-terrestrial links, the development of research methods, and equipment in the field of geophysics.

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Operations

Operational Requirements and Protocols
Information Pending

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Decadal Survey Recommendations

Information Pending

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Results/More Information

During the Plazma-Progress space experiment, using the only incoherent scatter radar in Russia measurements were taken of the parameters of the ionospheric plasma environment and the reflective characteristics of the Progress cargo transport vehicle when engines were and were not firing. Computer and theoretical analysis was performed of the data obtained to determine the parameters of the large-scale plasma formations that formed during Progress cargo transport vehicle liquid-propellant engine firing. Another comparative analysis was performed of the ISS and Progress cargo transport vehicle's reflective characteristics when the liquid-propellant engines were and were not firing. Finally, comparative analysis was performed of the ionospheric parameters, taken on a digital ionospheric recorder, in areas the Progress cargo transport vehicle flew through while engines were and were not firing. Analysis of the collected data is ongoing by ground research teams.

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Results Publications

    Gabdullin FF, Korsun AG, Tverdokhlebova EM, Khakhinov VV, Lebedev VP, Laletina EA, Manzhaley AI.  Study of the characteristics of the plasma environment of low-orbit spacecraft using radio sounding methods. Kosmonavtika i Raketostroenie (Cosmonautics and Rocket Engineering). 2008; 50(1).

    Korsun AG, Tverdokhlebova EM, Gabdullin FF, Manzhaley AI, Khakhinov VV, Lebedev VP.  Study of the characteristics of the plasma environment of low-orbit spacecraft using radio sounding methods. Science and Technical Conference on the Primary Results of Applied Science Research on the ISS RS, Korolev, Russia; 2007 February

    Korsun AG, Gabdullin FF, Kurshakov MY, Tverdokhlebova EM, Lebedev VP, Khakhinov VV, Manzhaley AI, Laletina EA, Krivolapova OY.  Study of the reflective characteristics of the liquid-propellant engine plumes in the Plazma-Progress space experiment. VI International Conference Information Technology in Science, Engineering, and Education, Pitsunda, Abkhaziya ; 2010 September

    Borisov BS, Garkusha VI, Korsun AG, Sizov AA, Khomin TM, Tverdokhlebova EM.  Experimental modeling in a vacuum chamber of the electro-physical processes occurring during the electric discharge between the high voltage solar arrays and the hull of the International Space Station. Scientific Readings Dedicated to the 90th Birthday of Yuri Aleksandrovich Mozzhorin, Korolev, Russia; 2010

    Tverdokhlebova EM, Korsun AG, Gabdullin FF.  Dynamics of artificial plasma formations in space. Moscow: A Model of Space. Vol. II. Actions of the space environment on spacecraft materials and equipment; 2007.

    Borisov BS, Garkusha VI, Korsun AG, Sizov AA, Khomin TM, Tverdokhlebova EM.  Study of the characteristics of electric discharges occurring on the metal-dielectric surfaces of the ISS. VI International Conference Information Technology in Science, Engineering, and Education, Pitsunda, Abkhaziya ; 2010

    Korsun AG.  Enhancement of electric discharge processes on the ISS surface during change of plasma environment near the ISS. 6th International Aerospace Congress, Moscow, Russia ; 2009

    Sizov AA, Orlov RV, Korsun AG, Tverdokhlebova EM.  Experimental modeling of the electromagnetic emissions caused by electric discharge processes on ISS surfaces. 6th International Aerospace Congress, Moscow, Russia ; 2009

    Korsun AG.  Electric discharge processes in the ISS plasma environment generated by the high voltage solar arrays. VI International Conference Information Technology in Science, Engineering, and Education, Pitsunda, Abkhaziya ; 2010

    Lebedev VP, Kushnarev DS, Medvedev AV, Potekhin AP, Khakhinov VV, Shpynev VG, Tverdokhlebova EM, Manzhaley AI.  The first results of the series of radar observations of the Progress cargo transport vehicle with engines firing. XXII All-Russian Science Conference Radiowave Propagation, Rostov-on-Don, Russia; 2008 September 18-22

    Korsun AG.  Prediction of Liquid Propulsion Impact on Electric-Discharge Processes near the Surface of the International Space Station. International Space Propulsion, San-Sebastian, Spain; 2010

    Shpynev VG, Khakhinov VV, Medvedev AV, Potekhin AP, Lebedev VP, Tverdokhlebova EM, Manzhaley AI.  Ionospheric Perturbation Associated with the "Plasma-Progress" Experiment at Irkutsk. XXIXth URSI General Assembly, Chicago, IL; 2008 August 7-16

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Ground Based Results Publications

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ISS Patents

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Related Publications

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Related Websites
Energia - Science Research on the ISS Russian Segment

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Imagery