Studying the Variations of the Radiation Environment Along the Flight Path and in Compartments of the International Space Station and Time History of Dose Accumulation in a Spherical and Torso Phantoms Located Inside and Outside the Station-BUBBLE (Matryeshka-R BUBBLE) (Matryeshka-R BUBBLE) - 05.09.18

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Science Objectives for Everyone
Studying the Variations of the Radiation Environment Along the Flight Path and in Compartments of the International Space Station and Time History of Dose Accumulation in a Spherical and Torso Phantoms Located Inside and Outside the Station-BUBBLE (Matryeshka-R BUBBLE) studies the field of charged particles and neutrons in a wide energy band inside the Russian segment (RS) of the ISS and on its external surface, including studying the dose accumulation in representative points of a spherical and Torso phantoms in order to determine the main characteristics of the radiation exposure of crews on manned spacecraft and to perfect methods of space dosimetry.
Science Results for Everyone
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The following content was provided by V M. Petrov, and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.
Experiment Details

OpNom:

Principal Investigator(s)
V M. Petrov, Institute of Medical and Biological Problems of Russian Academy of Sciences (IMBP RAS), Moscow, Russia

Co-Investigator(s)/Collaborator(s)
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Developer(s)
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Sponsoring Space Agency
Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)

Sponsoring Organization
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Research Benefits
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ISS Expedition Duration
April 2004 - March 2010; September 2010 - September 2011; May 2012 - September 2014; March 2015 - September 2015

Expeditions Assigned
9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19/20,21/22,25/26,27/28,31/32,33/34,35/36,37/38,39/40,43/44

Previous Missions
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Experiment Description

Research Overview
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Description
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Applications

Space Applications
In the future, it is planned to use the results of the space experiment for a comprehensive assessment of the integral doses received by humans exposed to ionizing radiation during long periods of time in spaceflight on the ISS to justify a system-level approach to using a spherical tissue-equivalent phantom as an phantom-witness of the radiation environment for different space missions: to the moon, Mars, and inter-planetary outer space.

Earth Applications
The field of application of the spherical phantom used to measure absorbed doses in critical crewmember organs and the radiation environment on board spacecraft may be broadened and extended to radiation hazardous objects on Earth, where the likelihood of significant dose variations occurring in the human body is rather high, such as at nuclear waste storage facilities, nuclear submarines, etc. In addition, the chemical composition of the tissue-equivalent material (polyurethane) and the process for producing it are such that they make it possible if necessary to change within required proportion the ratios of primary elements (hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, carbon) responsible for the material nuclear/physical and technical specifications.

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Operations

Operational Requirements and Protocols
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Decadal Survey Recommendations

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Results/More Information

Matryoshka-R yieled a substantial lack of uniformity in the depth-dose and surface-dose distributions for the spherical phantom (and thus in a crewmember’s body) was discovered. Studies were conducted of the dose distribution in the Torso phantom both inside the station and in conditions simulating extravehicular activity. The effectiveness of the radiation protection properties of materials containing hydrogen to reduce the doses of charged particles and neutrons was demonstrated while using additional protection in crew quarters. The radiation exposure rate in ISS compartments was assessed for the period of active Sun near the maximum of the solar activity in the final stage of its growth. During 2009-2010 this investigation was carried out jointly with ESA. Currently it is being carried out jointly with JAXA.

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Results Publications

    Semkova J, Koleva R, Todorova G, Kanchev N, Petrov VP, Shurshakov VA, Benghin VV, Chernykh IV, Akatov YA, Redko V.  Investigation of Dose and Flux Dynamics in the Liulin-5 Dosimeter of the Tissue-equivalent Phantom Onboard the Russian Segment of the International Space Station. Advances in Space Research. 2003; 31(5): 1383-1388. DOI: 10.1016/S0273-1177(02)00952-3.

    Semkova J, Koleva R, Maltchev S, Kanchev N, Benghin VV, Chernykh IV, Shurshakov VA, Petrov VP, Yarmanova EN, Bankov NG, Lyagushin VI, Goranova M.  Radiation Measurements Inside a Human Phantom Aboard the International Space Station Using Liulin-5 Charged Particle Telescope. Advances in Space Research. 2010 April 1; 45(7): 858-865. DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2009.08.027.

    Smith MB, Akatov YA, Andrews HR, Arkhangelsky VV, Chernykh IV, Ing H, Khoshooniy N, Lewis BJ, Machrafi R, Nikolaev IV, Romanenko RY, Shurshakov VA, Thirsk RB, Tomi L.  Measurments of the Neutron Dose and Energy Spectrum on the International Space Station During Expeditions ISS-16 to ISS-21. Radiation Protection Dosimetry. 2013; 153(4): 509-533. DOI: 10.1093/rpd/ncs129. PMID: 22826353.

    Kireeva SA, Benghin VV, Kolomensky AV, Petrov VP.  Phantom--dosimeter for Estimating Effective Dose Onboard International Space Station. Acta Astronautica. 2007 Feb-Apr; 60(4-7): 547-553. DOI: 10.1016/j.actaastro.2006.09.019.

    Jadrnickova I, Tateyama R, Yasuda N, Kawashima H, Kurano M, Uchihori Y, Kitamura H, Akatov YA, Shurshakov VA, Kobayashi I, Ohguchi H, Koguchi Y, Spurny F.  Variation of Absorbed Doses Onboard of ISS Russian Service Module as Measured with Passive Detectors. Radiation Measurements. 2009 October; 44(9-10): 901-904. DOI: 10.1016/j.radmeas.2009.10.075.

    Semkova J, Koleva R, Maltchev S, Bankov NG, Benghin VV, Chernykh IV, Shurshakov VA, Petrov VP, Drobyshev SG, Nikolaev IV.  Depth Dose Measurements with the Liulin-5 Experiment Inside the Spherical Phantom of the MATROSHKA-R Project Onboard the International Space Station. Advances in Space Research. 2012 February; 49(3): 471-478. DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2011.10.005.

    Kartsev IS, Shurshakov VA, Tolochek RV, Akatov IA.  Dose distribution in the depth of the tissue-equivalent ball phantom modeling location of human body critical organs inside the compartments of the International space station. Aviakosmicheskaia i Ekologicheskaia Meditsina (Aerospace and Environmental Medicine). 2009 Sept - Oct; 43(5): 42-47. PMID: 20120916. [Russian]

    Chernykh IV, Liagushin VI, Akatov IA, Arkhangelsky VV, Petrov VM, Shurshakov VA, Mashrafi R, Garrow H, Ing M, Smith MB, Tomi L.  Results of measuring neutron dose inside the Russian segment of the International Space Station using bubble detectors in experiment Matreshka-R. Aviakosmicheskaia i Ekologicheskaia Meditsina (Aerospace and Environmental Medicine). 2010 May - June; 44(3): 12-17. PMID: 21033392. [Russian]

    Smith MB, Khulapko S, Andrews HR, Arkhangelsky VV, Ing H, Lewis BJ, Machrafi R, Nikolaev IV, Shurshakov VA.  Bubble-detector measurements in the Russian segment of the International Space Station during 2009-12. Radiation Protection Dosimetry. 2015; 163(1): 1-13. DOI: 10.1093/rpd/ncu053.

    Lewis BJ, Smith MB, Ing H, Andrews HR, Machrafi R, Tomi L, Matthews TJ, Veloce L, Shurshakov VA, Chernykh IV, Khoshooniy N.  Review of Bubble Detector Response Characteristics and Results from Space. Radiation Protection Dosimetry. 2012 June; 150(1): 1-21. DOI: 10.1093/rpd/ncr358. PMID: 21890528.

    Semkova J, Koleva R, Maltchev S, Benghin VV, Chernykh IV, Shurshakov VA, Petrov VP, Yarmanova EN, Bankov NG, Lyagushin VI, Roslyakov Y.  Cosmic Radiation Dose Rate, Flux, LET Spectrum and Quality Factor Obtained with Liulin-5 Experiment Aboard the International Space Station. Fundamental Space Research, Sunny Beach, Bulgaria; 2008

    Kartsev IS, Tolochek RV, Shurshakov VA, Akatov YA.  Calculation of Radiation Doses in Cosmonaut's Body in Long-Term Flight Onboard the ISS Using the Data Obtained in Spherical Phantom. Fundamental Space Research, Sunny Beach, Bulgaria; 2009 80-83.

    Jadrnickova I, Brabcova KP, Koliskova (Mrazova) Z, Spurny F, Shurshakov VA, Kartsev IS, Tolochek RV.  Dose Characteristics and LET Spectra on and Inside the Spherical Phantom Onboard of ISS. Radiation Measurements. 2010 December; 45(10): 1536-1540. DOI: 10.1016/j.radmeas.2010.07.002.

    Kartashov DA, Petrov VM, Kolomensky AV, Akatov YA, Shurshakov VA.  Space radiation doses in the anthropomorphous phantom in space experiment "Matryeshka-R" and spacesuit "Orlan-M" during extravehicular activity. Aviakosmicheskaia i Ekologicheskaia Meditsina (Aerospace and Environmental Medicine). 2010; 44(2): 3-8. PMID: 20799652. [Russian]

    Ambrozova I, Brabcova KP, Kubancak J, Slegl J, Tolochek RV, Ivanova OA, Shurshakov VA.  Cosmic radiation monitoring at low-Earth orbit by means of thermoluminescence and plastic nuclear track detectors. Radiation Measurements. 2017 December 15; epub. DOI: 10.1016/j.radmeas.2016.12.004.

    Koliskova (Mrazova) Z, Sihver L, Ambrozova I, Sato T, Spurny F, Shurshakov VA.  Simulations of Absorbed Dose on the Phantom Surface of MATROSHKA-R Experiment at the ISS. Advances in Space Research. 2012 January 15; 49(2): 230-236. DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2011.09.018.

    Semkova J, Koleva R, Bankov NG, Malchev S, Petrov VM, Shurshakov VA, Chernykh IV, Benghin VV, Drobyshev SG, Yarmanova EN, Nikolaev IV.  Study of radiation conditions onboard the International space station by means of the Liulin-5 dosimeter. Cosmic Research. 2013 April 6; 51(2): 124-132. DOI: 10.1134/S0010952512060068.

    Machrafi R, Garrow K, Ing H, Smith MB, Andrews HR, Akatov YA, Arkhangelsky VV, Chernykh IV, Mitrikas VG, Petrov VP, Shurshakov VA, Tomi L, Kartsev IS, Lyagushin VI.  Neutron Dose Study with Bubble Detectors Aboard the International Space Station as Part of the Matroshka-R Experiment. Radiation Protection Dosimetry. 2009 February 1; 133(4): 200-207. DOI: 10.1093/rpd/ncp039.

    Ambrozova I, Brabcova KP, Spurny F, Shurshakov VA, Kartsev IS, Tolochek RV.  Monitoring on board spacecraft by means of passive detectors. Radiation Protection Dosimetry. 2011; 144(1-4): 605-610. DOI: 10.1093/rpd/ncq305. PMID: 20959332.

    Hallil A, Brown M, Akatov YA, Arkhangelsky VV, Chernykh IV, Mitrikas VG, Petrov VP, Shurshakov VA, Tomi L, Kartsev IS, Lyagushin VI.  MOSFET dosimetry mission inside the ISS as part of the Matroshka-R experiment. Radiation Protection Dosimetry. 2010 November 22; 138(4): 295-309. DOI: 10.1093/rpd/ncp265. PMID: 19933696.

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Ground Based Results Publications

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ISS Patents

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Related Publications

    Semkova J, Koleva R, Todorova G, Kanchev N, Petrov VP, Shurshakov VA, Tchhernykh I, Kireeva SA.  Instrumentation for investigation of the depth-dose distribution by the Liulin-5 instrument of a human phantom on the Russian segment of ISS for estimation of the radiation risk during long term space flights. Advances in Space Research. 2004; 34(6): 1297-1301. DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2003.10.047.

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Imagery