Study of Processes for Informational Support of In-Flight Medical Support using an Onboard Medical Information System Integrated into the Information Control System of the ISS Russian Segment (BIMS) (BIMS) - 05.09.18

Overview | Description | Applications | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery

ISS Science for Everyone

Science Objectives for Everyone
Study of Processes for Informational Support of In-Flight Medical Support using an Onboard Medical Information System Integrated into the Information Control System of the ISS Russian Segment (BIMS) uses telemedicine technologies to collect information by non-contact means from the ear, nose, and throat (ENT), gums, teeth, and small areas of skin from International Space Station (ISS) crews for medical support of manned spaceflights and in-flight biomedical research.
Science Results for Everyone
Pardon me, your epidermis is showing. Changes in the skin and mucous membranes, the body’s first line of defense against invaders, can signal health problems. This experiment evaluated whether support teams on the ground could use video and digital photographs of astronauts’ skin, gums, nasal passages and ear canals to monitor the health of those crewmembers while aboard the space station. Results confirm that this approach could be a useful part of medical monitoring. Researchers were also able to analyze images of oral, ear, nose and throat tissues and create a databank of the results that will be useful to medical practitioners.

The following content was provided by I B. Goncharov, M.D., and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.
Experiment Details

OpNom:

Principal Investigator(s)
I B. Goncharov, M.D., Institute of Medical and Biological Problems of Russian Academy of Sciences (IMBP RAS), Russia

Co-Investigator(s)/Collaborator(s)
Information Pending

Developer(s)
Information Pending

Sponsoring Space Agency
Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)

Sponsoring Organization
Information Pending

Research Benefits
Information Pending

ISS Expedition Duration
October 2007 - April 2008; October 2009 - September 2010

Expeditions Assigned
16,21/22,23/24

Previous Missions
Information Pending

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Experiment Description

Research Overview
Information Pending

Description
Information Pending

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Applications

Space Applications
Procedures and software developed for the BIMS experiment are used to carry out baseline and routine examinations of crew members in the MARS-500 experiment by the BIMS medical support team. An integrated information support network for the biomedical support of manned spaceflights is being developed from this work, which increases the effectiveness of the medical support of manned spaceflights, enables modern real-time information transmission methods and technologies to be introduced into the practice of medical support of space missions, and it standardizes the information support of biomedical research aboard the ISS Russian Segment.

Earth Applications
The experience gained and data obtained from analyzing the experiment results can be used to develop procedures and equipment for telemedicine service in remote locations on Earth where medical diagnostic capabilities are limited.

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Operations

Operational Requirements and Protocols
Information Pending

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Decadal Survey Recommendations

Information Pending

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Results/More Information

BIMS experimental sessions confirmed the feasibility of performing otoscopic, nasal, pharyngeal, dental, and dermatoscopic examinations in spaceflight conditions. At the same time, a large amount of scientific information was obtained allowing evaluation of the oral and ENT condition of crew members. The telemedical information obtained (static digital images) on the condition of the outer ear canals (left and right ears), nasal passages (left and right), mucous membranes of the mouth and teeth, normal and damaged sections of skin and finger nail beds were processed, analyzed, and transferred to a data bank by medical specialists.

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Results Publications

    Popova II, Goncharov IB.  Diagnostics and emergency medical care to members of ISS crew use of means of a telemedicine. 14th International Conference Anticrisis and Innovative Potential of Telemedicine and E-health, Moscow, Russia; 2009 September 21-24

    Popova II, Goncharov IB, Anokhina LD.  Information technologies for storing International Space Station medical support data. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine. 2007; 41(1): 56-58.

    Revyakin YG, Orlov OI, Goncharov IB, Popova II, Bogoslavsky VE.  Creation of integrated media of telemedical consultative service. 4th European Congress Medicine in Space and in Extreme Environments Achievements for Health Care on Earth, Berlin, Germany; 2007 October 24-26 34-35.

    Popova II, Orlov OI, Revyakin YG.  Main results of conducting the first stage of the BIMS space experiment. Space Forum 2011 Dedicated on 50th Anniversary for Yu. A. Gagarin Flight, Moscow, Russia; 2011 November 19 [Also in the compilation “Manned missions to space. Biomedicine and life support,” Moscow, Russian Academy of Sciences' Institute of Biomedical Problems, 2011, p.64]

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Ground Based Results Publications

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ISS Patents

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Related Publications

    Grigoriev AI, Orlov OI.  Telemedicine and spaceflight. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine. 2002; 73: 688-693.

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Related Websites
Energia - Science Research on the ISS Russian Segment

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Imagery