Assessment of the Efficiency of the Use of Telemedicine Technologies On-Board ISS (BIMS) - 10.25.17

Overview | Description | Applications | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery

ISS Science for Everyone

Science Objectives for Everyone
BIMS evaluates the skin and mucous membranes to see if there are changes over long-duration space missions. The cosmonauts will use video and digital photography to capture areas of skin, gums, nasal passages and the ear canal.
Science Results for Everyone
Pardon me, your epidermis is showing. Changes in the skin and mucous membranes, the body’s first line of defense against invaders, can signal health problems. This experiment evaluated whether support teams on the ground could use video and digital photographs of astronauts’ skin, gums, nasal passages and ear canals to monitor the health of those crewmembers while aboard the space station. Results confirm that this approach could be a useful part of medical monitoring. Researchers were also able to analyze images of oral, ear, nose and throat tissues and create a databank of the results that will be useful to medical practitioners.

The following content was provided by I B. Goncharov, M.D., and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.
Experiment Details


Principal Investigator(s)
I B. Goncharov, M.D., Institute of Medical and Biological Problems of Russian Academy of Sciences (IMBP RAS), Russia

Information Pending

Information Pending

Sponsoring Space Agency
Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)

Sponsoring Organization
Information Pending

Research Benefits
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ISS Expedition Duration
October 2007 - April 2008; October 2009 - September 2010

Expeditions Assigned

Previous Missions
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Experiment Description

Research Overview
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Assessment of efficiency in using telemedical technologies for getting information from ISS RS crews for medical support of human space flights and information support of life science flight studies. Conduct of several experimental sessions onboard ISS RS for filming Russian cosmonauts' dermal integument and mucous membrane.

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Space Applications
Information Pending

Earth Applications
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Operational Requirements and Protocols
Kit TBK-1 (telemedical onboard kit) containing: secondary power supply unit, image capture device, otoscope, cover and cable set. Onboard computer for medical support of Model IBM Think PAD A31p-RSE Med.
The following examinations are carried out during the experimental session: study of small skin sites; otorhinolaryngologic examinations (examination of external acoustic meatus, tympanic membranes, examination of nasal passages); and stomatologic examination of gums and teeth. Video data is recorder on hard disk of computer RSE-Med and copied to PCMCIA memory card, which will be returned to the ground upon completion of the Expedition.

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Decadal Survey Recommendations

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Results/More Information

BIMS experimental sessions confirmed the feasibility of performing otoscopic, nasal, pharyngeal, dental, and dermatoscopic examinations in spaceflight conditions. At the same time, a large amount of scientific information was obtained allowing evaluation of the oral and ENT condition of crew members. The telemedical information obtained (static digital images) on the condition of the outer ear canals (left and right ears), nasal passages (left and right), mucous membranes of the mouth and teeth, normal and damaged sections of skin and finger nail beds were processed, analyzed, and transferred to a data bank by medical specialists.

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Results Publications

    Popova II, Goncharov IB.  Diagnostics and emergency medical care to members of ISS crew use of means of a telemedicine. 14th International Conference Anticrisis and Innovative Potential of Telemedicine and E-health, Moscow, Russia; 2009 September 21-24

    Popova II, Goncharov IB, Anokhina LD.  Information technologies for storing International Space Station medical support data. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine. 2007; 41(1): 56-58.

    Revyakin YG, Orlov OI, Goncharov IB, Popova II, Bogoslavsky VE.  Creation of integrated media of telemedical consultative service. 4th European Congress Medicine in Space and in Extreme Environments Achievements for Health Care on Earth, Berlin, Germany; 2007 October 24-26 34-35.

    Popova II, Orlov OI, Revyakin YG.  Main results of conducting the first stage of the BIMS space experiment. Space Forum 2011 Dedicated on 50th Anniversary for Yu. A. Gagarin Flight, Moscow, Russia; 2011 November 19 [Also in the compilation “Manned missions to space. Biomedicine and life support,” Moscow, Russian Academy of Sciences' Institute of Biomedical Problems, 2011, p.64]

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Ground Based Results Publications

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ISS Patents

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Related Publications

    Grigoriev AI, Orlov OI.  Telemedicine and spaceflight. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine. 2002; 73: 688-693.

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Related Websites
Energia - Science Research on the ISS Russian Segment

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