Study of the Individual Features of the Psychological and Physiological Regulator of the State and Reliability of Work Performance in Crewmembers in Long-Term Spaceflight (Pilot-Robot) (Pilot-Robot) - 05.09.18

Overview | Description | Applications | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery

ISS Science for Everyone

Science Objectives for Everyone
The Study of the Individual Features of the Psychological and Physiological Regulator of State and Reliability of Work Performance in Crewmembers in Long-term Spaceflight (Pilot) assesses and predicts the reliability of crew members performing complex and critical dynamic vehicle manual control tasks in various stages of long-term spaceflight and to study the features of crew member psycho-physiological reactions when exposed to stressful requirements in flight. Pilot is composed of 3 distinct investigations. Pilot-Robot studies the dynamics of critical operator skills to manually control a robotic arm simulator in various stages of space flight.
Science Results for Everyone
Do long-duration space flights make people clumsy? This experiment evaluated how well crewmembers can complete complex, critical manual controls at different phases of long-duration space flight. The results will help reduce errors and increase flight safety and can also be used in onboard simulations to help train crew to maintain their professional skills during flight. Crew members demonstrated a high level of skills during simulated station-keeping and final approach tasks and showed a continuous increase in the quality of performance. Training sessions every 30 to 35 days seemed optimal to refresh space vehicle final approach and docking manual control skills.

The following content was provided by Victor P. Salnitskii, and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.
Experiment Details

OpNom:

Principal Investigator(s)
Victor P. Salnitskii, Institute for Biomedical Problems, Moscow, Russia

Co-Investigator(s)/Collaborator(s)
Information Pending

Developer(s)
Information Pending

Sponsoring Space Agency
Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)

Sponsoring Organization
Information Pending

Research Benefits
Information Pending

ISS Expedition Duration
April 2003 - April 2006; September 2006 - October 2007

Expeditions Assigned
7,8,9,10,11,12,14,15

Previous Missions
Information Pending

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Experiment Description

Research Overview
Information Pending

Description
Information Pending

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Applications

Space Applications
Diagnosing the current status of crew member skills at various stages of long-term spaceflight and maintaining them at the highest level is an effective way of increasing the likelihood of successful and safe robotic arm operation. Effective ways to enhance and personalize onboard training programs are to diagnose the status of critical skills, determine deteriorating skills, and restore them to the required level for subsequent integration into overall performance. The results of this work are used to develop recommendations on improving the onboard simulator and to optimize the procedure and timeline for training sessions to refresh and maintain work skills in flight.

Earth Applications
New insights, equipment, and training developments for maintaining work performance and reliability in space can be applied to remote manipulation tasks on Earth such as robotic handling of hazardous materials or robotic surgery.

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Operations

Operational Requirements and Protocols
Information Pending

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Decadal Survey Recommendations

Information Pending

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Results/More Information

Russian International Space Station crew members demonstrated a high level of training skills during simulated station keeping and final approach tasks. Typical of the majority of crew members is a continuous increase in the quality of performing simulated final approach and docking tasks during flight. An interval of 30-35 days in training sessions to refresh space vehicle final approach/docking manual control skills enabled work skills to be maintained at the required level.

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Related Websites
Energia - Science Research on the ISS Russian Segment

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Imagery

image Robotics Systems for PILOT experiment.
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