Obtaining Highly-Efficient Strains of Microorganisms for the Production of of Biological Petroleum Degrading Compounds, Organophosphate Substances,
Plant Protection Means, and Exopolysaccharides used in the Petroleum Industry (Bioekologiya-M) (Bioekologia-M (Bioecology-M)) - 03.07.18

Overview | Description | Applications | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery

ISS Science for Everyone

Science Objectives for Everyone
The goal of Bioekologiya-M is to obtain strains of high performance microorganisms for production of growth-promoting hormones.
Science Results for Everyone
Excuse me, your exopolysaccharide is showing. These sugar residues secreted by microorganisms have many uses in foods and pharmaceuticals. Researchers exposed microorganisms to space flight factors, including radioactive radiation and charged particle flow, to create new exopolysaccharides. They created one compound from fungi, Mitsefit, for use in stimulating plant growth, development and reproductive potential. Another compound, Rodart, contains highly active bacteria and was created to remove petroleum pollution from soil and bodies of water. This investigation produced feasibility studies, technical provisions, technological regulations and instructions on the use of these compounds and a pilot fermentation line for creating them.

The following content was provided by Tatiana K. Krasheninnikova, and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.
Experiment Details

OpNom:

Principal Investigator(s)
Tatiana K. Krasheninnikova, Institute for Applied Biochemistry and Machine Building (Biohimmash), Russia

Co-Investigator(s)/Collaborator(s)
Information Pending

Developer(s)
Information Pending

Sponsoring Space Agency
Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)

Sponsoring Organization
Information Pending

Research Benefits
Information Pending

ISS Expedition Duration
April 2003 - April 2008

Expeditions Assigned
7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16

Previous Missions
Information Pending

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Experiment Description

Research Overview
Information Pending

Description
Information Pending

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Applications

Space Applications
No space application has been identified for this experiment.

Earth Applications
The aim of the Bioekologiya is to obtain highly efficient strains of microorganisms to be used in Russian domestic industry for the production of growth hormone and biological petroleum degrading compounds.

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Operations

Operational Requirements and Protocols
Information Pending

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Decadal Survey Recommendations

Information Pending

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Results/More Information

The biological compound Mitsefit was created for use to stimulate plant growth and development and to enhance its reproductive potential based on the new highly active strains of endophytic fungi obtained in the space experiment.

Feasibility studies, technical provisions, technological regulations, and instructions on the use of the biological compounds Rodart and Mitsefit were developed. A pilot fermentation line was created to obtain these compounds.

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Results Publications

    Zhemchuzhina NS, Kofnova IN, Krasheninnikova TK, Lavrikova VV, Sinchurina EV, Smolyanaya GL, Ukraintsev AD.  Results of Experiments Conducted by Biokhimmash Space Biotechnology Laboratory. Kosmonavtika i Raketostroenie (Cosmonautics and Rocket Engineering). 2007; 49(4): 103-107.

    Ukraintsev AD, Krasheninnikova TK, Kofnova IN, Zhemchuzhina NS, Sinchurina EV, Smolyanaya GL, Lavrikova VV.  Influence of factors of space flight on properties of bacterial and mushroom cultures at long stay in space in structure of equipment "Bioecology". 6th International Scientific-Practical Conference Manned Spaceflights, Moscow, Russia; 2005 November 10-11

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Ground Based Results Publications

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ISS Patents

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Related Publications

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Related Websites
Energia - Science Research on the ISS Russian Segment

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Imagery

image Bioecologia stowage with independent temperature recorder.
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