Stability of Geographical Position and Configuration of Borders of Bioproductive Water Zones of the World Oceans, Observations by Orbiting Station Crews (Diatomeya (Diatom)) - 04.18.18

Overview | Description | Applications | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery

ISS Science for Everyone

Science Objectives for Everyone
Stability of Geographical Position and Configuration of Borders of Bioproductive Water Zones of the World’s Oceans Observed by Orbital Station Crews (Diatomeya) allows the International Space Station (ISS) crews to study and identify the patterns of the biologically productive waters of the world’s oceans. This task is crucial with scientific and economic applications of global significance.
Science Results for Everyone
From space, Earth’s oceans can look like one big body of water, but some areas are highly productive while others are mostly barren. This investigation used high-resolution photographs from space to examine boundaries between these different types of ocean waters and how they change over time.  Researchers first developed a new method for pinpointing a photograph’s location and for observing color contrasts between different waters. They then created a database of the productive waters of the North and South Atlantic Oceans and the Black and Azov Seas. This database serves as a useful tool for managing trade, fishing activity, and science among countries bordering these waters.

The following content was provided by M. E. Vinogradov, and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.
Experiment Details

OpNom:

Principal Investigator(s)
M. E. Vinogradov, Russia

Co-Investigator(s)/Collaborator(s)
Information Pending

Developer(s)
Information Pending

Sponsoring Space Agency
Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)

Sponsoring Organization
Information Pending

Research Benefits
Information Pending

ISS Expedition Duration
November 2000 - December 2002; November 2002 - May 2003; April 2003 - April 2009

Expeditions Assigned
1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18

Previous Missions
Information Pending

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Experiment Description

Research Overview
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Description
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Applications

Space Applications
No space application has been identified for this experiment.

Earth Applications
Diatomeya creates scientific-technical and organizational foundations for obtaining trade-oceanologic information, which has commercial properties. This investigation documents data for real-time evaluation of the negative consequences of industry development of hydrocarbon deposits and other resources in areas of the continental shelf and distant areas of the open ocean.

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Operations

Operational Requirements and Protocols
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Decadal Survey Recommendations

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Results/More Information

A result of Diatomeya was that the scope and nature of the spatial-temporal variability were determined, which are important in trade relations of the bioproductive waters of the world’s oceans, and namely the following were accomplished. This investigation also contributed to the data set of the influence of long-term spaceflight conditions on the quality of film and digital media carriers. For the Diatomeya investigation a new method was developed and implemented for azimuth fixing of photo images of the featureless waters (images were obtained using handheld cameras) and the conditions for manifestation of the contrast zones of the ocean in brightness fields were determined.

The Diatomeya data, along with the results of the vessel measurements and data from published sources, allowed the spatial-temporal variability of the highly productive waters of the North and South Atlantic, and the Black and Azov Seas, to be evaluated.

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Results Publications

    Vinogradov PV, Kaleri AY, Yevgushchenko AN, Koprova LI, Tishchenko YG.  Scientific observations of the ocean from space onboard the International Space Station. Kosmonavtika i Raketostroenie (Cosmonautics and Rocket Engineering). 2007; 49(4): 85-90.

    Armand NA, Zavyalov PO, Yevgushchenko AN, Koprova LI, Tishchenko YG.  Results of ocean observations from space under the “Diatomeya” space experiment program on the ISS RS. Fundamental Space Research; Latest Developments in the Field of Geoecological Monitoring of the Black Sea Region and Outlooks on Implementing Them, Solnechnyy bereg, Bulgaria; 2008 September 22-27

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Ground Based Results Publications

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ISS Patents

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Related Publications

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Related Websites
Energia - Science Research on the ISS Russian Segment

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Imagery

image A picture taken during the Diatomeya experiment.
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image NASA Image: ISS020E014498 - Earth observation taken as part of Seiner operations by the Expedition 20 crew aboard the International Space Station (ISS). Seiner is a test of information support procedure by the ISS Russian Segment crews in full-scale conditions for scientific-searching and fishing operations performed by State Fishery Committee ships in the World ocean waters.
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