Studying Plasma Dust Crystals and Liquids in Microgravity on the ISS RS -Volny-PK-1 (Volny-PK-1 (Waves-PK-1)) - 12.12.18

Overview | Description | Applications | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery

ISS Science for Everyone

Science Objectives for Everyone
Studying Plasma Dust Crystals and Liquids in Microgravity on the ISS RS-Volny-PK-1 is conducted within a framework of international cooperation with the German Space Agency (DLR), the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, the European Space Agency, and Roscosmos.
Science Results for Everyone
Rocks in the road have cracked many car windshields on Earth.  In space, cosmic radiation, micrometeroids, and orbital debris pose a similar risk to equipment on the space station. This investigation assessed that risk by examining the flow and energy levels of cosmic rays during different phases of solar activity and detecting micro-particles around the station.  The measurements are compared with results from computer simulations. Results confirm that the type of detector used can reliably measure both galactic cosmic rays and solar cosmic ray flares, information that can help better protect the space station. Now if we could do something about those road rocks.

The following content was provided by V V. Alpatov, Vladimir Fortov, and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.
Experiment Details


Principal Investigator(s)
V V. Alpatov, Institute of Applied Geophysics, Moscow, Russia
Vladimir Fortov, Institute of Extremal States Thermophysics, Scientific Association for High Temperatures of Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

Information Pending

Information Pending

Sponsoring Space Agency
Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)

Sponsoring Organization
Information Pending

Research Benefits
Information Pending

ISS Expedition Duration
March 2001 - December 2002; November 2002 - May 2003; April 2003 - October 2005

Expeditions Assigned

Previous Missions
Information Pending

^ back to top

Experiment Description

Research Overview
Information Pending

Information Pending

^ back to top


Space Applications
The Space Application for this investigation has yet to be identified.

Earth Applications
The experiment has great importance for fundamental science, because microgravity opens up possibilities for discovering entirely new effects in plasma with charged solid macroparticles.

^ back to top


Operational Requirements and Protocols
Information Pending

^ back to top

Decadal Survey Recommendations

Information Pending

^ back to top

Results/More Information



^ back to top

Related Websites
Energia - Science Research on the ISS Russian Segment

^ back to top


image LSO equipment, including the microcamera unit on a rotary bracket, electronics box and cable set.
+ View Larger Image