Waves: Observation in near Infrared Spectral Band Undulatory Disturbance in the Middle Atmosphere Layers of the Earth of Technogenic and Naturally Occurring Origin (Volny-PK-1 (Waves-PK-1)) - 11.22.16

Overview | Description | Applications | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery

ISS Science for Everyone

Science Objectives for Everyone
Volny (Waves) records atmospheric phenomena in the Service Module window with two very small cameras. One camera captures the full visual spectrum, and another camera focuses on the wavelength of light emission associated with sprites (sprites are giant flashes of lightning that propagate upward above large thunderstorms, 50-90 km above the Earth's surface).
Science Results for Everyone
Rocks in the road have cracked many car windshields on Earth.  In space, cosmic radiation, micrometeroids, and orbital debris pose a similar risk to equipment on the space station. This investigation assessed that risk by examining the flow and energy levels of cosmic rays during different phases of solar activity and detecting micro-particles around the station.  The measurements are compared with results from computer simulations. Results confirm that the type of detector used can reliably measure both galactic cosmic rays and solar cosmic ray flares, information that can help better protect the space station. Now if we could do something about those road rocks.

The following content was provided by V V. Alpatov, Vladimir Fortov, and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.
Experiment Details


Principal Investigator(s)
V V. Alpatov, Institute of Applied Geophysics, Moscow, Russia
Vladimir Fortov, Institute of Extremal States Thermophysics, Scientific Association for High Temperatures of Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

Information Pending

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Sponsoring Space Agency
Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)

Sponsoring Organization
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Research Benefits
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ISS Expedition Duration
March 2001 - December 2002; November 2002 - May 2003; April 2003 - October 2005

Expeditions Assigned

Previous Missions
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Experiment Description

Research Overview
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Recording and mapping of the wave processes in upper mesosphere and lower thermosphere by wave-like disturbances in the boundary surface between optically thin and optically dense atmosphere.

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Space Applications
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Earth Applications
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Operational Requirements and Protocols
LSO equipment.
Study wave characteristics at altitudes of upper mesosphere and lower thermosphere depending upon a season and geographic location.

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Decadal Survey Recommendations

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Results/More Information



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Related Websites
Energia - Science Research on the ISS Russian Segment

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image LSO equipment, including the microcamera unit on a rotary bracket, electronics box and cable set.
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