Burst: Monitoring of Seismic Effects - Bursts of High Energy Particles in Low Earth Space Region (Orbit) (Vsplesk (Burst)) - 10.25.17

Overview | Description | Applications | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery

ISS Science for Everyone

Science Objectives for Everyone
Information Pending
Science Results for Everyone
One day, instruments located in space may give us advance warning of earthquakes. This study of seismic events show that it may be possible to predict earthquakes based on bursts of high-energy charged particles in near-Earth space. Scientists mapped the location of particle bursts, then analyzed correlation between those and known quakes. They identified particle bursts that could have predicted earthquakes registering more than 4 on the Richter scale. Some bursts group along tectonic fault lines and in zones of disturbance of Earth’s radiation belt.  About 15 percent of particle bursts may be seismic in nature and precede earthquakes by several hours.

The following content was provided by Arkadi Moiseevich Galper, and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.
Experiment Details

OpNom:

Principal Investigator(s)
Arkadi Moiseevich Galper, National Research Nuclear University MEPHI (NRNU MEPHI), Russia

Co-Investigator(s)/Collaborator(s)
Information Pending

Developer(s)
Information Pending

Sponsoring Space Agency
Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)

Sponsoring Organization
Information Pending

Research Benefits
Information Pending

ISS Expedition Duration
September 2006 - April 2007; April 2008 - March 2014

Expeditions Assigned
14,17,18,19/20,21/22,23/24,25/26,27/28,29/30,31/32,33/34,35/36,37/38

Previous Missions
Information Pending

^ back to top

Experiment Description

Research Overview
Information Pending

Description
Seismic effects monitoring. Researching high-energy particles streams in near-Earth space environment.

^ back to top

Applications

Space Applications
Information Pending

Earth Applications
Information Pending

^ back to top

Operations

Operational Requirements and Protocols
Vsplesk hardware; Mechanical adapter; Conversion board.
EVA

^ back to top

Decadal Survey Recommendations

Information Pending

^ back to top

Results/More Information

Statistics on bursts of high-energy particles, collected from August 2008 through 2011 during the course of the Vsplesk experiment, together with data on particle bursts obtained from the Arina experiment on the Resurs-DK1 satellite, allowed the first detailed research on the geographic distribution of particle bursts. A detailed map of the geographic distribution of particle bursts is given in the figure above.

Correlative analysis for each of the particle bursts and seismic events was identified in the experiment. It considered the coincidence of L-coordinates of genetically linked particle bursts and earthquakes with a time shift of 1-5 hours in-between, identified 8 particle bursts that were potential candidates for harbingers of earthquakes with a magnitude of more than 4 on the Richter scale.

It was discovered that along with particle bursts observed at various longitudes of perturbed L-shells, there are particle bursts grouped along tectonic fault lines; that is, right in the zones of local perturbations of the Earth's radiation belt. The correlative analysis performed on the spatial and temporal characteristics of recorded particle bursts and on the data for seismic events showed in sufficient statistics that approximately 15% of particle bursts may be seismic in nature. They are localized in the L-shells of earthquakes and precede earthquakes with a magnitude greater than 4 by several hours.

^ back to top

Results Publications

^ back to top

Ground Based Results Publications

^ back to top

ISS Patents

^ back to top

Related Publications

    Aleksandrin SY, Bakaldin AV, Batischev AG, Bzheumikhova MA, Galper AM, Koldashov SV, Ulitin AA, Sharonova ND.  Local disturbances of lightning and seismic origin in the radiation belt. Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences: Physics. 2013 May; 77(5): 578-580. DOI: 10.3103/S1062873813050043.

    Ulitin AA, Koldashov SV.  Analyzing data from satellite experiments using the .NET program platform. Scientific session НИЯУ МИФИ-2011, Moscow, Russia; 2011 104.

    Koldashov SV.  Capabilities of the Arina-Vsplesk two-satellite equipment complex in recording cosmic harbingers of earthquakes. Scientific Session НИЯУ МИФИ-2009, Moscow, Russia ; 2009 169.

^ back to top

Related Websites
Energia - Science Research on the ISS Russian Segment

^ back to top


Imagery

image Vsplesk
+ View Larger Image


image Vsplesk
+ View Larger Image


image
Vsplesk

+ View Larger Image