Vegetable Production System (Veggie) - 02.28.18

Summary | Overview | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery

ISS Science for Everyone

Science Objectives for Everyone
The Vegetable Production System (Veggie) is a deployable plant growth unit capable of producing salad-type crops to provide the crew with a palatable, nutritious, and safe source of fresh food and a tool to support relaxation and recreation. The Veggie provides lighting and nutrient delivery, but utilizes the cabin environment for temperature control and as a source of carbon dioxide to promote growth.
Science Results for Everyone
Information Pending

The following content was provided by Trent Smith, and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.
Facility Details

OpNom: Veggie

Facility Manager(s)
Trent Smith, NASA Kennedy Space Center, Kennedy Space Center, FL, United States

Facility Representative(s)
Information Pending

NASA Kennedy Space Center, Cape Canaveral, FL, United States
Orbital Technologies Corporation, Madison, WI, United States

Sponsoring Space Agency
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

Sponsoring Organization
Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate (HEOMD)

ISS Expedition Duration
March 2013 - September 2013; March 2014 - March 2016; March 2016 - April 2017; September 2017 - February 2018; -

Expeditions Assigned

Previous Missions
Biomass Production System (BPS), the precursor to Veggie, was utilized on ISS Expedtion 4.

Information Pending

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Facility Description

Facility Overview

With the long-duration missions aboard the International Space Station (ISS), it has become clear that more emphasis needs to be placed on improving human habitability. The Vegetable Production System (Veggie) provides a means to supply crews with a continuous source of fresh food and a tool for relaxation and recreation.
Veggie can support a variety of experiments used to determine how plants sense and respond to gravity. The plants are harvested for further investigation and consumed by the crew members.
Veggie's growth volume is the largest volume available for plant growth on ISS. This enables growth of larger plants that were previously not grown on ISS due to size restrictions. Additionally, the large, adjustable LED light bank makes Veggie an ideal facility for other experiments requiring a temporary light source.
As with all basic research, an improved understanding of plant growth and development has important implications for improving plant production on Earth.

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Facility Operations

  • Veggie is deployed in an EXpedite the PRocessing of Experiments to Space Station (EXPRESS) Rack.
  • The pillows with seeds in them are installed onto a root mat, which is installed into the Veggie bellows.
  • Power is applied and water is added to the root mat to begin seed germination. Water and growth height is maintained throughout the plant growth cycle until the vegetables are harvested and the growth cycle is restarted.


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Decadal Survey Recommendations

Information Pending

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Results/More Information

Information Pending

Results Publications

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Ground Based Results Publications

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ISS Patents

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Related Publications

    Zabel P, Bamsey M, Schubert D, Tajmar M.  Review and analysis of over 40 years of space plant growth systems. Life Sciences in Space Research. 2016 August; 10: 1-16. DOI: 10.1016/j.lssr.2016.06.004.

    Massa GD, Wheeler RM, Morrow RC, Levine HG.  Growth chambers on the International Space Station for large plants. Acta Horticulturae 1134, East Lansing, Michigan; 2016 May 22 215-222. [Also Advanced Plant Habitat related.]

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Related Websites

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VEGGIE prototype.

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NASA Image: ISS039E019105 - Flight Engineer (FE) Rick Mastracchio installs the Veggie hardware into EXPRESS Rack (ER) 3.

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