Asgardia-1 (Asgardia-1) - 03.07.18

Overview | Description | Applications | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery

ISS Science for Everyone

Science Objectives for Everyone
Asgardia-1 determines the long-term fate and reliability of data in the high radiation environment of space. As on Earth, data is an electromagnetic signal that plays a vital role in space operations, but it is more vulnerable in space due to higher levels of electromagnetic noise. Asgardia-1 uses standard CubeSat technology to conduct a two-year radiation exposure test that measures data degradation rates on time frames relevant to long-term space missions.
Science Results for Everyone
Information Pending

The following content was provided by Mikhail Spokoyny, and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.
Experiment Details


Principal Investigator(s)
Mikhail Spokoyny, Asgardia AG-USA, Los Angeles, CA, United States

Information Pending

Near Space Launch, Upland, IN, United States

Sponsoring Space Agency
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

Sponsoring Organization
National Laboratory (NL)

Research Benefits
Information Pending

ISS Expedition Duration
September 2017 - February 2018

Expeditions Assigned

Previous Missions
Information Pending

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Experiment Description

Research Overview

  • Asgardia-1 is a satellite that stores long term data in an environment with radiation exposure during its orbital lifetime.
  • The satellite is a NSL 2U FastBus CubeSat Platform, weighs 2.8 kg, has 4 deployable solar arrays and 8 batteries.
  • The health and status of Asgardia-1 is measured throughout its lifetime.
  • Asgardia’s Attitude determination is performed by a number of systems, including a passive neodymium permanent magnet located at the center of gravity of the spacecraft.
  • Asgardia-1 is pre-loaded with data provided by the citizens of Asgardia.
  • Asgardia-1 is conducted within 2 years of deployment from the external NanoRacks CubeSat Deployer (NRCSD).


The Asgardia-1 satellite expects to launch as a payload aboard the Orbital-ATK OA-8 rocket, a NASA CRS (Commercial Resupply Mission) inside a NanoRacks CubeSat Deployer (NRCSD), from Wallops Island, VA. About 90 days after this launch, the OA-8 unberths from the International Space Station (ISS), boosts to a higher orbit, and deploys the satellite. The satellite is inserted into a near-circular orbit at 500 km at an inclination of 51.6 degrees from the equator. Transmission begins 30 minutes after deployment and remains active through the life of the mission. Atmospheric friction slows the satellite and reduce the altitude of the orbit until de-orbiting occurs, approximately 4.6 years after launch.
The primary goals of this investigation include long-term data storage in a radiation exposure environment in low-Earth orbit (LEO). The experiments should be completed within 2 years after launch. Data from the experiments are recovered via duplex link to the GlobalStar constellation – a group of satellites orbiting around the Earth. Asgardia-1 operates in its circular orbit, without propellants, until natural orbit decay results in reentry.

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Space Applications
Asgardia-1 benefits space exploration by determining a critical information technology (IT) constraint that applies to long-term space missions. Space exploration depends on advanced hardware, software, and accurate remote sensing data. However, operational conditions and assumptions for these technologies may not apply under high radiation conditions. Asgardia-1 provides quantitative estimates of long-term data integrity that help engineers design better space-ready IT systems.

Earth Applications
Given the proliferation of IT infrastructure on Earth and growing awareness about risks associated with unusual solar events, Asgardia-1 informs a range of Earth-based engineering applications. Data plays an increasing role in outdoor settings and its growing overall footprint in human affairs raises the possibility of risk exposure hazard associated with sun storms. Constraints on the relationship between radiation flux and data integrity, like those provided by Asgardia-1, help manage risk and improve outdoor smart technologies.

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Operational Requirements and Protocols
NanoRacks CubeSats are delivered to the ISS already integrated within a NanoRacks CubeSat Deployer (NRCSD) or NanoRacks DoubleWide Deployer (NRDD). A crew member transfers each NRCSD/NRDD from the launch vehicle to the Japanese Experiment Module (JEM). Visual inspection for damage to each NRCSD is performed. When CubeSat deployment operations begin, the NRCSD/NRDDs are unpacked, mounted on the JAXA Multi-Purpose Experiment Platform (MPEP) and placed on the JEM airlock slide table for transfer outside the ISS. A crew member operates the JEM Remote Manipulating System (JRMS) – to grapple and position for deployment. CubeSats are deployed when JAXA ground controllers command a specific NRCSD.

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Decadal Survey Recommendations

Information Pending

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Results/More Information

Information Pending

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Related Websites

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