Aquapad (Aquapad) - 11.29.17

Overview | Description | Applications | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery

ISS Science for Everyone

Science Objectives for Everyone
The water that astronauts drink on the International Space Station (ISS) is recycled by up to 80% from their sweat, urine, and other reclaimed wastewater sources. Recycling reduces the number of supply missions needed to run the ISS, and building a self-sufficient spacecraft is necessary for future missions farther from our planet. Using a device that consists of a simple absorbent cotton, which is injected with 1 milliliter of water, and a tablet computer application, Aquapad aims to improve the speed and efficiency of water potability tests onboard the ISS.
Science Results for Everyone
Information Pending

The following content was provided by Christine Rozand, and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.
Information provided courtesy of the Erasmus Experiment Archive.
Experiment Details

OpNom: Aquapad

Principal Investigator(s)
Florian Michel, Institute of Space Medicine and Physiology (Medes / IMPS), Toulouse, France
Frédéric Foucault, Ph.D., bioMerieux, Marcy-l’étoile, France
Christine Rozand, BioMérieux, Marcy-l’étoile, France

Co-Investigator(s)/Collaborator(s)
Lucie Campagnolo, MEDES/CADMOS, Toulouse, France

Developer(s)
Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales, Toulouse, France
bioMérieux, Marcy l’étoile, France

Sponsoring Space Agency
European Space Agency (ESA)

Sponsoring Organization
European Space Agency

Research Benefits
Earth Benefits, Space Exploration

ISS Expedition Duration
September 2016 - September 2017

Expeditions Assigned
49/50,51/52

Previous Missions
Information Pending

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Experiment Description

Research Overview

Aquapad is a new approach developed by France’s CNES space agency and bioMérieux (in vitro diagnostic company): paper impregnated with powdered growth medium creates a 3D petri dish. When water is added, the microbes form coloured spots revealing their locations. Using a tablet computer application, ESA Astronaut Thomas Pesquet photographs the spots in order to calculate precisely how many bacteria are present, and whether the water is safe to drink.
 
Flight surgeons and astronauts closely monitor the quality of the drinking water, and the Aquapad experiment that ESA Astronaut Pesquet conducts in space aims to simplify the regular testing process.

Description
Information Pending

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Applications

Space Applications
Aquapad can greatly, and quickly, simplify the testing of the purity of potable water used on the ISS, and in future manned space vehicles.

Earth Applications
Although Aquapad was designed for use on the ISS, its terrestrial applications could have a broader scope. Indeed, a quick and simple analysis of water would facilitate access to drinking water in countries where this question arises daily. In more exceptional situations, Aquapad could also be used to diagnose the state of the water after natural disasters.

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Operations

Operational Requirements and Protocols
Information Pending

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Decadal Survey Recommendations

Information Pending

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Results/More Information

Information Pending

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Related Websites
Aquapad Information from ESA's Erasmus Experiment Archive
Aquapad information from the European Space Agency (ESA)
Information on Aquapad from CNES (in French)

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Imagery

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Aquapad flight hardware. Aquapad is a new approach developed by France’s CNES space agency: paper impregnated with powdered growth medium creates a 3D petri dish. When water is added, the microbes form coloured spots revealing their locations. Image courtesy of CNES.

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Aquapad bacteria colonies.  Image courtesy of CNES–E. Grimault, 2016.

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NASA Image: ISS050E011332 - Aquapad Sampling within open blue cargo transfer bag (CTB). Photo taken during Expedition 50.

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NASA Image: ISS050E011727 - Aquapad Microbial Contamination after incubation. Photo taken during Expedition 40.

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NASA Image: ISS050E016760 - Aquapad Containment Boxes, Part Number (P/N):  CAD-PAD-004, Serial Number (S/Ns):  02 and 03; and Barcodes:  004PAD02E and 004PAD03E. Photo taken during Expedition 50.

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image NASA Image: ISS050E057206 - ESA astronaut Thomas Pesquet (FE-5) performing waste water monitoring tests aboard the International Space Station.
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NASA Image: ISS050E057692 - Aquapad Microbial Contamination within container during analysis of water samples. Part Number (P/N):  CAD-PAD-004, Serial Number (S/N):  007, Barcode:  004PAD07E. Photo taken during Expedition 50.

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