EveryWear (EveryWear) - 07.19.18

Overview | Description | Applications | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery

ISS Science for Everyone

Science Objectives for Everyone
The EveryWear assistant is an ambulatory data collection system that makes use of wearable sensors connected to a space station iPad tablet computer, which itself, is wirelessly synchronized with computers on the ground. This easy-use system seeks to demonstrate the benefits of extensive physiology data collection for both science and medical follow-up purposes, by improving usability for crew members on the International Space Station (ISS).
Science Results for Everyone
Information Pending

The following content was provided by Pierre Denise, and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.
Information provided courtesy of the Erasmus Experiment Archive.
Experiment Details

OpNom: EveryWear

Principal Investigator(s)
Maurice Marnat, CNES, France

Co-Investigator(s)/Collaborator(s)
Pierre Denise, University of Caen Basse Normandie, Caen, France
Pierre Boutouyrie , France
B. Godard, European Space Agency, Cologne, Germany
Frits De Jong, European Astronaut Centre, Cologne, Germany
B. Fisher, European Space Agency, Cologne, Germany

Developer(s)
Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales, Toulouse, France
Institute for Space Medicine and Physiology (MEDES), Toulouse, France

Sponsoring Space Agency
European Space Agency (ESA)

Sponsoring Organization
European Space Agency

Research Benefits
Space Exploration

ISS Expedition Duration
September 2016 - September 2017

Expeditions Assigned
49/50,51/52

Previous Missions
Information Pending

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Experiment Description

Research Overview

The EveryWear system aims to offer one interface for a variety of health-related tasks - both medical and research. It is evolutionary and can integrate further sensors and functions. It can be used for:
  • science experiments,
  • biomedical support and
  • technology demonstrations.
The application promises to be a huge time-saver as it records and transmits data from as many experiments as possible.

Description

France’s space agency CNES, with space medicine specialists from MEDES, have developed a personal assistant app for astronauts to use via a tablet called EveryWear. The French-designed technology is as simple as a custom application for a tablet that astronauts on board a space station can carry around.
 
While in space, ESA astronaut Thomas Pesquet, will be the first to test this new way of collecting information during his Proxima mission to the ISS.
 
The EveryWear system is an ambulatory data collection system making use of wearable sensors connected to a station iPad itself wirelessly synchronized with ground. This easy-use system should demonstrate extensive physiology data collection for both science and medical follow-up purpose by improving usability for the astronauts.
 
All functions are embedded inside a dedicated custom iPad application.
 
The experiment hardware consists of the following: 
  • Space Station iPad (provided by NASA).
  • Biometric Smartshirt.  The smartshirt is an intelligent t-shirt allowing the collection of ECG data and actimetry monitoring. ECG sensors are embedded in the garment fibers and activity monitoring is performed via accelerometer in the smarsthirt gateway. During data collection, the crew wears the smartshirt and the gateway is inserted in a small pocket of the smartshirt. The gateway transmits real time data to the iPad application using Bluetooth Low Energy connection. The gateway is powered by a Lithium-Ion battery (3.7V, 320mAh, 1.2Wh) and contains the Bluetooth antenna.
  • Biometric Patch.  The Biometric Patch is a wireless sensor allowing assessment of body temperature and levels of physical activity. The sensor is applied on the subject chest or forearm using Medical Tape. The patch contains a Bluetooth antenna to communicate real time data to the iPad application and a soldered rechargeable lithium-ion battery. The Biometric Patch is recharged by the Biometric Patch Base, in which a 9V alkaline battery is inserted. For the full data transfer to the iPad application, the Biometric Patch can be set on the Base and the Base directly connected to the iPad using the lightning port. The cable is soldered to the Biometric Base.
  • Self-applied Tonometer Sensor (sponsored by ESA's European Astronaut Centre (EAC) in collaboration with INSERM).  The Tonometer is a finger worn sensor able to record the pulse wave of the crew member. The recording is done using a piezoelectric technology. During data collection, the Tonometer is connected to the iPad using the lightning port and the data are transmitted to the iPad application. The cable is soldered to the Tonometer.

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Applications

Space Applications
The main advantage of EveryWear is the ability to aggregate data from different tools, but it also brings with it a simplification in procedures for astronauts. This is a versatile device that can cover a wide variety of needs with a tailored data collection capability that allows a unified treatment of data. The use of this personal assistant brings a very important gain in crew-time availability for ISS crew members.

Earth Applications
Information Pending

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Operations

Operational Requirements and Protocols

The system can be used for questionnaires, taking medical and clinical logs, monitoring exercise when coupled with the EveryWear Smartshirt and even assess the astronaut’s sleep quality. Presently, if an experiment requires the astronaut to take a log of daily food consumtion the astronaut would need to write down each piece of food ingested throughout the day. With EveryWear, the astronaut can simply take a photo to scan the bar code of a food item before eating - the app will record the calories and provide a nutritional assessment and compare the result with his personal target defined before the flight.
 
A second use for EveryWear is combining input from three wearable sensors: a tonometer to record how the astronaut’s arteries react to weightlessness; a smart shirt that records his electrocardiogram during exercise and a patch that records the astronaut’s skin temperature to monitor sleep patterns in space.
 
EveryWear also offers support for experiments, such as AquaPad, that are being tried as a new way to ensure water on the Space Station is not contaminated. During the Proxima mission, ESA astronaut Thomas Pesquet simply took a picture of a specially developed petri-dish where coloured dots would develop as an indicator of bacteria. EveryWear processes the picture to calculate the amount of bacteria in the water – confirming whether it is safe to drink.

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Decadal Survey Recommendations

Information Pending

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Results/More Information

Information Pending

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Related Websites
EveryWear - ESA's Erasmus Experiment Archive
ESA Human Spaceflight Activity
CNES Proxima Mission (French)

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Imagery

image
NASA Image:  ISS050E014794 - Wearable sensors (smartshirt, patch, wristband, tonometer) are connected to an ISS iPad via bluetooth or via Lightbolt connector. The EveryWear application allows a unified interface for physiology-related data collection and wireless communication.

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image
NASA Image:  ISS050E014804 - ESA astronaut Thomas Pesquet uses wearable sensors (smartshirt, patch, wristband, tonometer) that are connected to an ISS iPad via bluetooth or via Lightbolt connector. The EveryWear application allows a unified interface for physiology-related data collection and wireless communication.

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image
NASA Image:  ISS050E015028 - Wearable sensors like the biometric patch are connected to an ISS iPad via bluetooth or via Lightbolt connector. The Everywear application allows a unified interface for physiology-related data collection and wireless communication.

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image
NASA Image:  ISS050E015082 - Wearable sensors like the biometric patch are connected to an ISS iPad via bluetooth or via Lightbolt connector. The EveryWear application allows a unified interface for physiology-related data collection and wireless communication.

+ View Larger Image


image
NASA Image:  ISS050E015097 - Wearable sensors like the biometric patch are connected to an ISS iPad via bluetooth or via Lightbolt connector. The EveryWear application allows a unified interface for physiology-related data collection and wireless communication.

+ View Larger Image