NanoRacks-COBRA PUMA GOLF Project (NanoRacks-COBRA PUMA GOLF Project) - 09.19.18

Overview | Description | Applications | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery

ISS Science for Everyone

Science Objectives for Everyone
Golf clubs and other golf products are made from metal alloys that yield different properties of hardness or strength, depending on their composition. The NanoRacks-COBRA PUMA GOLF Project examines a variety of silver coatings and aluminum materials used in golf products. Analyzing differences in the bonding, strength and weight of coated metals in microgravity provides insight that improves the development of stronger, lighter alloys for use on Earth.
Science Results for Everyone
Information Pending

The following content was provided by Michael D. Johnson, and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.
Experiment Details

OpNom: NanoRacks Module-50

Principal Investigator(s)
Michael Yagley, M.S., COBRA PUMA GOLF, Carlsbad, CA, United States

Information Pending

Lowell Center for Space Science and Technology, Lowell, MA, United States

Sponsoring Space Agency
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

Sponsoring Organization
National Laboratory (NL)

Research Benefits
Earth Benefits, Scientific Discovery

ISS Expedition Duration
September 2014 - March 2015

Expeditions Assigned

Previous Missions
Information Pending

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Experiment Description

Research Overview

  • The NanoRacks-COBRA PUMA GOLF Project investigates the coating of silver on aluminum in microgravity.
  • The goals of the research are proprietary.

The NanoRacks-COBRA PUMA GOLF Project investigates microgravity effects on coating aluminum with silver nitrate. This experiment contains a silver nitrate solution and 20 aluminum parts.  There are two silver anodes contained in each of the chambers. It is housed in a 1.5 U NanoRacks Module enclosure.  The experiment contents are loaded on the ground and the Module is sealed. Once the experiment has been launched and delivered to the International Space Station (ISS), a crew member unstows the NanoRacks-COBRA PUMA GOLF Project experiment from the vehicle and installs it in the NanoRacks Platform.  After power up of the NanoRacks Platform Facility, all experiment operations are controlled by the NanoRacks-COBRA PUMA GOLF Project internal microcontroller system.  Control files are transferred from and data files are transferred to the NanoRacks Platform internal computer, which then communicates to Earth via STELLA software. The experiment operates off of the nominal control software file loaded into the microcontroller preflight unless a change is desired and the file is uplinked to the internal memory of the microcontroller system via the STELLA system.  Data files showing results of the experiment are downlinked to the NanoRacks control center via STELLA software at regular intervals.  Termination of the experiment occurs automatically when the internal microcontroller stops providing plating current thus terminating plating of the metal parts for eventual analysis on Earth.  At the conclusion of the experiment the crew removes the experiment from the NanoRacks Platform and stows it for return to Earth. The purpose of the research being conducted is proprietary.

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Space Applications
Microgravity affects the physical behaviors of a wide range of materials, from water to flames to metal alloys. The investigation contains 20 aluminum samples to be coated with a thin layer of silver nitrate. The samples are examined under an extremely powerful microscope after they return to Earth. Results improve understanding of how microgravity affects alloys, including the deposition of thin layers of metal onto metal surfaces, which benefits potential space-based manufacturing.

Earth Applications
Alloys are used in countless materials on Earth, from car parts and recreational equipment to electronics and medical devices. The goal of this investigation is proprietary.

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Operational Requirements and Protocols
NanoRacks Module-50 is completely autonomous and only requires crew installation and stowage for return.
NanoRacks Module-50 operates autonomously.

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Decadal Survey Recommendations

Information Pending

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Results/More Information

Information Pending

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Related Websites

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