Exposure of Resting Stages of Terrestrial Organisms to Space Conditions (EXPOSE-R IBMP) - 11.22.16

Overview | Description | Applications | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery

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Science Objectives for Everyone
The Exposure of Resting Stages of Terrestrial Organisms to Space Conditions (EXPOSE-R IBMP) (the Institute for Biomedical Problems, Moscow, Russia) experiment looks into the effect of exposing a diverse collection of terrestrial and aquatic organisms, each in a resting stage of their life cycle  to the open space environment. The EXPOSE programme is part of ESA’s research in astrobiology, i.e. the study of the origin, evolution and distribution of life in the universe. EXPOSE offers one to two years of exposure with full access to all components of the harsh space environment:  cosmic radiation, vacuum, full-spectrum solar light including UV-C, freezing/thawing cycles, and microgravity.
Science Results for Everyone
Information Pending

The following content was provided by Vladimir Nikolaevich Sychev, Ph.D., and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.
Information provided courtesy of the Erasmus Experiment Archive.
Experiment Details

OpNom:

Principal Investigator(s)
Vladimir Nikolaevich Sychev, Ph.D., Institute of Medical and Biological Problems of Russian Academy of Sciences (IMBP RAS), Moscow, Russia

Co-Investigator(s)/Collaborator(s)
Nataliya D. Novikova, Ph.D., Institute of Medical and Biological Problems of Russian Academy of Sciences (IMBP RAS), Moscow, Russia
Victor R. Alekseev, Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia
M. Levenskikh, Russia
Oleg A. Gusev, National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, Tsukuba, Japan
Nikolai A. Polikarpov, Institute of Biomedical Problems, Moscow, Russia
Elena A. Deshevaya, Institute of Biomedical Problems, Moscow, Russia
Takashi Okuda, National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, Tsukuba, Japan

Developer(s)
Institute for Biomedical Problems, Moscow, Russia
European Space Agency (ESA), Noordwijk, Netherlands

Sponsoring Space Agency
European Space Agency (ESA)

Sponsoring Organization
Information Pending

Research Benefits
Information Pending

ISS Expedition Duration
October 2008 - March 2011

Expeditions Assigned
18,19/20,21/22,23/24,25/26

Previous Missions
Information Pending

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Experiment Description

Research Overview
The Exposure of Resting Stages of Terrestrial Organisms to Space Conditions (EXPOSE-R IBMP) experiment looks into the effect of exposing a diverse collection of terrestrial and aquatic organisms in a resting stage of their life cycle to space conditions. Included in the exposure trays are bacterial spores, fungal spores, plant seeds, eggs of lower crustacean, and cryptobiosis larvae.

Description
Information Pending

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Applications

Space Applications
The Expose-R experiments contain a variety of biological samples including plant seeds, bacteria, fungi and ferns, which are exposed to the harsh space environment for 22 months, to gain a better understanding of how living things react to the conditions.

Earth Applications
Information Pending

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Operations

Operational Requirements and Protocols

In order to study the responses to space conditions, organic compounds (various resistant organisms) are exposed to the space environment. Reference samples are kept on ground. The organic compounds are the following:
Bacillus spores: Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus pumilus, Bacillus licheniformis;
Fungus spores: Aspergillus sydowi, Aspergillus versicolor, Penicillium aurantio-griseum, Penicillium expansum, Geomyces pannorum;
Plant seeds: Arabiposis thaliana, Lycopersicum esculentum, Raphanus sativus;
Midge larvae: Polypedilum vanderplanki; and
Crab eggs: Artemia salina, Streptocephalus torvicornis, Eucypris species, Daphnia magna.

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Decadal Survey Recommendations

Information Pending

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Results/More Information

Information Pending

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Results Publications

    Novikova ND, Deshevaya EA, Levinskikh MA, Polikarpov NA, Poddubko SV, Gusev OA, Sychev VN.  Study of the effects of the outer space environment on dormant forms of microorganisms, fungi and plants in the ‘Expose-R’ experiment. International Journal of Astrobiology. 2015 January; 14(1): 137-142. DOI: 10.1017/S1473550414000731.

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Ground Based Results Publications

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ISS Patents

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Related Publications

    Rabbow E, Rettberg P, Barczyk S, Bohmeier M, Parpart A, Panitz C, Horneck G, Burfeindt J, Molter F, Jaramillo E, Pereira C, Weib P, Willnecker R, Demets R, Dettmann J, Reitz G.  The astrobiological mission EXPOSE-R on board of the International Space Station. International Journal of Astrobiology. 2015 January; 14(1): 3-16. DOI: 10.1017/S1473550414000202.

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Related Websites
EXPOSE-R IBMP Information from ESA's Erasmus Experiment Archive

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Imagery

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NASA Image: ISS018E013542 - Yury Lonchakov in the Pirs Docking Compartment (DC1) as he works with an EXPOSE-R sample tray.

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NASA Image: ISS018E039227 - One of two Expedition 18 spacewalkers provided this close-up image of the Expose-R experiment, reinstalled a short while earlier on the outside of the Russian segment of the International Space Station. The European experiment is equipped with three trays which contain a variety of biological samples.

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NASA Image: ISS021E027095 - The Expose-R experiment located on the exterior of the Service Module (SM)/Zvezda.

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NASA Image: ISS025E015290 - Russian cosmonaut Oleg Skripochka, Expedition 25 flight engineer, wearing a Russian Orlan spacesuit, is photographed working near the ESA experiment EXPOSE-R instrument installed on the Zvezda Service module. Photo taken during the Russian EVA 26.

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NASA Image: ISS026E021253 - EXPOSE R - Russian Experiment, in the Service Module (SM). Photo was taken during Expedition 26.

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