Skin-B (Skin-B) - 05.09.18

Overview | Description | Applications | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery

ISS Science for Everyone

Science Objectives for Everyone
The Skin-B experiment will improve our understanding of skin aging which is slow on Earth but very much accelerated in space. This will also provide insights into the aging process in other (similar) bodily tissues in general. This could help in determining impact on astronauts on future missions to the Moon and Mars for example where environmental conditions are more challenging.
Science Results for Everyone
Information Pending

The following content was provided by U. Heinrich, and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.
Information provided courtesy of the Erasmus Experiment Archive.
Experiment Details

OpNom: Skin B

Principal Investigator(s)
U. Heinrich, University of Witten/Herdecke, Witten, Germany

A. Wolter, Germany
M. Wiebusch, University of Witten/Herdecke, Witten, Germany
H. Tronnier, University of Witten/Herdecke, Witten, Germany
T. Rodic, Switzerland
T. Šuštar, Switzerland
A. Grm, Switzerland
P. Šuštarič, Sweden
J. Langus, Switzerland

Information Pending

Sponsoring Space Agency
European Space Agency (ESA)

Sponsoring Organization
Information Pending

Research Benefits
Information Pending

ISS Expedition Duration
March 2013 - March 2016; March 2016 - April 2017

Expeditions Assigned

Previous Missions
Information Pending

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Experiment Description

Research Overview
Information Pending

Information Pending

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Space Applications
The Skin-B investigation will contribute to a better understanding of skin aging mechanisms which are slow on Earth (therefore nearly impossible to study efficiently) but very much accelerated in weightlessness. Not only will this provide information on the mechanisms behind how skin adapts/regenerates under the influence of weightlessness and the environmental conditions in spacecraft on long-duration missions, it also provides a model for the adaptive processes for other organs in the body. Furthermore the data gathered will act as a research footprint for comparative purposes with astronauts on future human exploration missions outside of low-Earth orbit where environmental conditions are more challenging.

Earth Applications
The Skin-B investigation aims to clarify how the skin, as model for other organs, alters and if or how quickly a regeneration of the skin takes place. Experimental data gathered on the ISS can be translated in order to provide an insight into the mechanisms by which all organs covered with epithelial and connective tissue adapt and age over time and under the physical stress imposed by the environment. Gaining an understanding of tissues change process should allow for better diagnostic and treatment on ground.

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Operational Requirements and Protocols
Information Pending

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Decadal Survey Recommendations

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Results/More Information

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Results Publications

    Konig K, Weinigel M, Pietruszka A, Buckle R, Gerlach N, Heinrich U.  Multiphoton tomography of astronauts. Multiphoton Microscopy in the Biomedical Sciences XV, San Francisco, California; 2015 March 5 93290Q.

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Ground Based Results Publications

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ISS Patents

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Related Publications

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Related Websites

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image NASA Image: iss036e034959 - ESA astronaut Luca Parmitano wears communication headgear while connecting the Skin B instruments.
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