METERON Quick Start a / DTN (METERON) - 05.09.18

Overview | Description | Applications | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery

ISS Science for Everyone

Science Objectives for Everyone
Multi-purpose End-To-End Robotic Operations Network (METERON) supports the implementation of a space internet, examines the benefits of controlling surface robots in real time from an orbiting spacecraft, and investigates how best to explore a planet through a partnership between humans and robots. This is of importance to planning future human exploration missions to Mars, for example, and feeds into Earth-based technologies such as in medicine or handling of radioactive material.
Science Results for Everyone
Information Pending

The following content was provided by Kim Nergaard, and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.
Information provided courtesy of the Erasmus Experiment Archive.
Experiment Details


Principal Investigator(s)
Kim Nergaard, European Space Agency, Germany

Andre Schiele, Ph.D., European Space Agency, Germany
Philippe Schoonejans, European Space Agency, Noordwijk, Netherlands
F.B. D. Frescheville, Germany
William Carey, Erasmus User Centre & Communication Office, Noordwijk, Netherlands
Jan Dettmann, European Space Research and Technology Research Centre, Noordwijk, Netherlands
Charles Taylor, Claremont, CA, United States
K. Landzettel, Germany
Kathy Laurini, Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, United States
Terry Fong, Ph.D., NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, United States
Adrian Hooke, National Aeronautics and Space Administration Headquarters, Washington, DC, United States

European Space Agency (ESA), Noordwijk, Netherlands

Sponsoring Space Agency
European Space Agency (ESA)

Sponsoring Organization
Information Pending

Research Benefits
Earth Benefits, Space Exploration

ISS Expedition Duration
September 2012 - March 2013; March 2014 - March 2015; March 2016 - September 2016

Expeditions Assigned

Previous Missions
Information Pending

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Experiment Description

Research Overview
• The Multi-purpose End-To-End Robotic Operations Network (METERON) aims at simulating selected future Human exploration scenarios including immersive remote control of a robot by an astronaut in orbit around a target object (such as Mars or the Moon). A crew member will control the ESA test rover located at ESOC (Germany) in near real time. That will be the first time a rover on Earth is controlled by a human from space.
• To act as a test-bed, providing end-to-end in-orbit demonstration of potential future exploration operations scenarios involving robots and humans.
• To validate the concept of real-time bi-lateral control of a robot on a planetary surface, from a manned orbiter, by human operators in fully immersed telepresence.
• To perform further In-Orbit Testing and validation of novel communication techniques, such as Delay Tolerant Network (DTN) concepts and technologies.

Information Pending

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Space Applications
The METERON experiment supports the implementation of a space internet, examines the benefits of controlling surface robots in real time from an orbiting spacecraft, and investigate how best to explore a planet through a human-robotic partnership.

Earth Applications
METERON develops exoskeleton technologies which can be applied terrestrially in the medical field for the rehabilitation of patients. The tele-operation techniques developed for METERON can be used on Earth for tele-medicine as well as for operating robots in dangerous environments, e.g. handling of radioactive material or, in an off-nominal case, to work in nuclear power plants after a contamination.

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Operational Requirements and Protocols
• Crew members configure work space for planned operations.
• Crew members mount the T61p laptop on top of closed EDR laptop and connect to CGBA-5 via the US PLs LAN.
• Crew members install and configure software and perform prescribed procedures and operations.

This investigation uses the following components either during performance of the real-time remote control operations: T61P laptop with DTN bootable DVD, ESA EDR laptop plate and bogen arm, ESA EDR 16 VDC and 120 VDC power cables, ESA Cobalt power brick, NASA MSG Laptop Computer (MLC) Ethernet External Cable, ESA COL VCA with bogen arm and the NASA G1 CAMCORDER with bogen arm.

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Decadal Survey Recommendations

Information Pending

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Results/More Information

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Related Websites
ESA METERON Project (Animation)

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A potential Mars exploration high level architecture.

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Mars could be explored by orbiting astronauts using telepresence.  Image courtesy of NASA/GSFC. 

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