Image to right: The Expedition 10 and 11 crews gather aboard the Station. Front row, from left, are Expedition 10 Flight Engineer Salizhan Sharipov and Commander Leroy Chiao. Back row, from left, are Expedition 11 Commander Sergei Krikalev, NASA ISS Science Officer and Flight Engineer John Phillips and European Space Agency Astronaut Roberto Vittori.
Expedition 11 Will Welcome Discovery to Station
Highlights of the new Expedition 11 International Space Station crew's mission include welcoming the crew of the Space Shuttle Discovery on its STS-114 mission, the first Shuttle flight since the Columbia accident. Discovery crewmembers will conduct three spacewalks at the Station, deliver several tons of equipment and supplies and return to Earth with equipment and scientific experiments and trash from the Station.
Sergei Krikalev, 46, and John Phillips, 54, will receive extensive handover briefings from their Expedition 10 predecessors, and will get training on the Station's robotic Canadarm2.
They also may see the addition of a third crewmember to the Station this summer brought to the Station by Atlantis on the STS-121 mission. Plans call for them to do two spacewalks, the first in August from the U.S. Airlock Quest in U.S. spacesuits, and the second, in September, in Russian spacesuits from the Pirs Airlock. The spacewalkers will continue outfitting the Station's exterior and work with scientific experiments.
Expedition 11 Commander Krikalev and NASA ISS Science Officer and Flight Engineer Phillips also will welcome the arrival of two Progress unpiloted supply vehicles. ISS Progress 18 is scheduled to reach the Station in June and ISS Progress 19 should be launched near the end of August.
Image to left: A camera on the Station's robotic arm captured this image of the arriving Soyuz spacecraft.
In August, Krikalev and Phillips will move their Soyuz spacecraft from the Pirs docking compartment to the Zarya docking port. That will permit use of the Pirs Airlock for spacewalks.
Krikalev is a veteran of five previous spaceflights, including two missions to the Russian space station Mir and two Shuttle flights. He was a member of the first Station crew, serving aboard a much smaller ISS from Nov. 2, 2000, to March 18, 2001. He has spent a year, 5 months and 10 days in space. This flight should see him become the world's most experienced space traveler.
Born in Leningrad (now St. Petersburg), Russia, he graduated from what is now St. Petersburg Technical University in 1981 and then joined NPO Energia, the Russian organization responsible for human spaceflight. He was selected as a cosmonaut in 1985.
Record or not, just being in space isn't what’s important, Krikalev says. "The job itself is very interesting for me, being there and being able to look back on Earth, to do something challenging." He said he probably hasn't paid enough attention to that record.
Phillips was born in Fort Belvoir, Va., and considers Scottsdale, Ariz., his home. He graduated from the Naval Academy in 1972 and became a Naval aviator. After leaving the Navy in 1982, he earned a masters and doctorate in geophysics and space physics from the University of California in 1984 and 1987. He did postdoctoral work at the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory in New Mexico.
He was selected as an astronaut in 1996. He was a member of the STS-100 crew of Endeavour in 2001. On that mission he coordinated two spacewalks at the Station to install Canadarm2.
Phillips has wanted to return to the Station ever since. "It was a wonderful place to be," he said. "The crew was doing a great job; they were having a good time." He wanted to stay longer then. Now he'll have about six months there.
Krikalev and Phillips are the Station's fifth two-person crew. After the Columbia accident on Feb. 1, 2003, the ISS Program and the international partners determined that because of limitations on supplies the Station would be occupied by two crewmembers instead of three until Shuttle flights resume.
Image to right: An automated video camera aboard Expedition 11's arriving Soyuz captured this image of the International Space Station moments before docking.
The 11th crew will continue science activities, initially with facilities and samples already on the Station, but later with experiments scheduled to arrive at the Station aboard Discovery.
The science team at the Payload Operations Center at the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala., will continue to operate some experiments without crew input and other experiments are designed to function autonomously.
Krikalev and Phillips are scheduled to spend about 180 days on the Station, returning to Earth in October, a little over a week after the arrival of their Expedition 12 successors.
+ Read more about Expedition 11