NASA Unveils Cosmic Images Book in Braille for Blind Readers
At a ceremony held today at the National Federation of the Blind, NASA unveiled a
new book that brings majestic images taken by its Great Observatories to the fingertips
of the blind. The Great Observatories include NASA's Hubble, Chandra and Spitzer space telescopes.
"Touch the Invisible Sky" is a 60-page book with color images of nebulae, stars, galaxies and
some of the telescopes that captured the original pictures. Each image is embossed with lines,
bumps and other textures. These raised patterns translate colors, shapes and other intricate
details of the cosmic objects, allowing visually impaired people to experience them. Braille
and large-print descriptions accompany each of the book's 28 photographs, making the book's
design accessible to readers of all visual abilities.
The book contains spectacular images from the Great Observatories and powerful ground-based
telescopes. The celestial objects are presented as they appear through visible-light telescopes
and different spectral regions invisible to the naked eye, from radio to infrared, visible,
ultraviolet and X-ray light.
The book introduces the concept of light and the spectrum and explains how the different
observatories complement each others' findings. Readers take a cosmic journey beginning with
images of the sun, and travel out into the galaxy to visit relics of exploding and dying stars,
as well as the Whirlpool galaxy and colliding Antennae galaxies.
"Touch the Invisible Sky" was written by astronomy educator and accessibility specialist Noreen
Grice of You Can Do Astronomy LLC and the Museum of Science, Boston, with authors Simon Steel, an
astronomer with the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics in Cambridge, Mass., and Doris Daou,
an astronomer at NASA Headquarters, Washington.
"About 10 million visually impaired people live in the United States," Grice said. "I hope this
book will be a unique resource for people who are sighted or blind to better understand the part
of the universe that is invisible to all of us."
The book will be available to the public through a wide variety of sources, including the National
Federation of the Blind, Library of Congress repositories, schools for the blind, libraries, museums,
science centers and Ozone Publishing.
"We wanted to show that the beauty and complexity of the universe goes far beyond what we can
see with our eyes!" Daou said.
"The study of the universe is a detective story, a cosmic 'CSI,' where clues to the inner workings
of the universe are revealed by the amazing technology of modern telescopes," Steel said. "This book
invites everyone to join in the quest to unlock the secrets of the cosmos."
"One of the greatest challenges faced by blind students who are interested in scientific study is that
certain kinds of information are not available to them in a non-visual form," said Marc Maurer, president
of the National Federation of the Blind. "Books like this one are an invaluable resource because they allow
the blind access to information that is normally presented through visual observation and media. Given access
to this information, blind students can study and compete in scientific fields as well as their sighted peers."
The prototype for this book was funded by an education grant from the Chandra mission, and production was
a collaborative effort by the NASA space science missions, which provide the images, and other agency sources.
NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., manages the Spitzer Space Telescope mission for NASA's
Science Mission Directorate, Washington. Science operations are conducted at the Spitzer Science Center at
the California Institute of Technology, also in Pasadena. Caltech manages JPL for NASA.
For more information on NASA's Great Observatories, visit http://www.nasa.gov
. For more information about
Spitzer, visit http://www.spitzer.caltech.edu/spitzer
Media contact: Grey Hautaluoma
Whitney Clavin 818-354-4673
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif.
Ray Villard 410-338-4514
Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore
Chris Danielsen 410-659-9314, ext. 2330
National Federation of the Blind, Baltimore