&MainTitle=The Home Planet: NASA's View of Earth

&title1=TIROS' First Look

&txt1=The first photo of Earth from a weather satellite, taken by the TIROS-1 satellite on April 1, 1960. Early photographs provided new information on cloud systems, including spiral formations associated with large storms, immediately proving their value to meteorologists. View Full Size


&txt2=In December 1968, Apollo 8 astronauts Frank Borman, Jim Lovell and Bill Anders saw something no humans had seen before: a crescent shaped Earth rising over the surface of the moon. Anders' "Earthrise" photo was credited for inspiring environmental movements in the late 1960s and 1970s. View Full Size

&title3=Tiny Orb

&txt3=Another photo of Earth from the Apollo 8 crew, the first astronauts to leave Earth and orbit the moon. Apollo astronauts frequently noted that the planet, though home to everyone and everything we know, appears tiny and insignificant against the vast black backdrop of space. View Full Size

&title4=Whole Earth

&txt4=This image from Apollo 17, and others like it, captured whole hemispheres of water, land and weather. This photo was the first view of the south polar ice cap. Almost the entire coastline of Africa is visible, along with the Arabian Peninsula. View Full Size

&title5=Earth and Moon

&txt5=This picture of the Earth and Moon in a single frame was taken by the Galileo spacecraft from about 3.9 million miles away. Antarctica is visible through clouds (bottom). The Moon's far side is seen; the shadowy indentation in the dawn terminator is the south pole Aitken Basin, one of the largest and oldest lunar impact features. View Full Size

&title6=View from Mars

&txt6=NASA's Mars Global Surveyor got the first image of Earth and its moon from Mars in 2003. Though blurred, South America, part of North America and the Pacific Ocean are visible on Earth. View Full Size

&title7=Home Sweet Home

&txt7=This is the first image ever taken of Earth from the surface of Mars. The Mars Exploration Rover Spirit took the photo in 2004, one hour before sunrise on the 63rd Martian day, or sol, of its mission to the Red Planet. View Full Size

&title8=The Blue Marble

&txt8=In 2005, NASA released the next generation of its "Blue Marble" Earth imagery. The images are created from a mosaic of satellite data taken mostly from NASA's Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) that flies aboard NASA’s Terra and Aqua satellites. This hemisphere shows Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, Europe and part of Asia, along with the Atlantic and Indian oceans. View Full Size

&title9=The Blue Marble

&txt9=Flanked by the vast Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, South America features prominently in this Blue Marble image from 2005. View Full Size

&title10=Global Vegetation

&txt10=This image, based on observations from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer on NASA's Terra satellite, shows the difference in vegetation from Nov. 1, 2007, to Dec. 1, 2007, during autumn in the Northern Hemisphere. These observations help scientists understand the influence of natural cycles, such as drought and pest outbreaks, on vegetation, as well as human influences, such as land-clearing and global warming. View Full Size

&title11=Earth at Night

&txt11=This composite image, which has become a popular poster, shows a global view of Earth at night, compiled from over 400 satellite images. NASA researchers have used these images of nighttime lights to study weather around urban areas. View Full Size

&title12=Robot Over the Horizon

&txt12=The Space Shuttle Endeavour's robotic arm hovers over Earth's horizon, backdropped by a starburst from the Sun. This photo was taken during the STS-77 shuttle mission in 1996. View Full Size

&title13=Indian Ocean

&txt13=Sunlight paints a cloud-covered Indian Ocean in this photo from Discovery during the STS-96 mission in 1999. View Full Size

&title14=Aurora Australis

&txt14=With Discovery's tail is in the foreground, the aurora australis, or southern lights, blaze over Earth's horizon in this photo from the STS-85 mission in 1997. Auroras occur near the north and south poles when charged particles from the sun interact with Earth's magnetic field. View Full Size

&title15=The Air Up There

&txt15=This colorful view of airglow layers at Earth's horizon was photographed by the Atlantis crew on Feb. 8, 2008, the second day of the STS-122 shuttle mission. View Full Size

&title16=Lake Nasser

&txt16=Egypt's Lake Nasser, as photographed in January 2005 from the International Space Station. View Full Size

&title17=Lake Carnegie, Australia

&txt17=Ephemeral Lake Carnegie, in Western Australia, fills with water only during periods of significant rainfall. In dry years, it is reduced to a muddy marsh. This image was acquired by Landsat 7's Enhanced Thematic Mapper plus sensor on May 19, 1999. This is a false-color composite image made using shortwave infrared, infrared and red wavelengths. View Full Size

&title18=Phytoplankton Bloom

&txt18=A flash of blue and green lit the waters off Namibia in this image from NASA's Aqua satellite in early November 2007 as a phytoplankton bloom grew and faded in the Atlantic Ocean.The bloom stretches from north to south along hundreds of miles, although it is brightest in the center of this image. View Full Size

&title19=Salt Ponds, Botswana

&txt19=This photo from the International Space Station shows the salt ponds of one of Africa’s major producers of soda ash (sodium carbonate) and salt. Soda ash is used for in making glass, in metallurgy, in the detergent industry and in chemical manufacture. Red, salt-loving algae in the ponds indicate that the salinity of the evaporating water is medium to high. View Full Size

&title20=View of Eruption From Orbit

&txt20=On May 23, 2006, Expedition 13 astronaut Jeff Williams contacted the Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) to report that the Cleveland Volcano had produced a plume of ash. Shortly after the activity began, he took this photograph from the International Space Station. View Full Size

&title21=Top of the World

&txt21=Mt. Everest and nearby Mt. Makalu stand out in this oblique photograph of the Tibetan Plateau taken from the International Space Station in 2004. It might look like a photo taken from an airplane, until one remembers the summits are at the height typically flown by commercial jets. View Full Size

&title22=Island Beauty

&txt22=The south end of Eleuthera Island in the Bahamas shimmers in turquoise waters in this 2002 photo from the International Space Station. View Full Size

&title23=Anti-Atlas Mountains

&txt23=This image from the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer, or ASTER, shows the Anti-Atlas Mountains of Morocco, which formed as a result of the collision of the African and Eurasian tectonic plates about 80 million years ago. The yellowish, orange and green areas are limestones, sandstones and gypsum; the dark blue and green areas are underlying granitic rocks. View Full Size

&title24=Stuck Iceberg

&txt24=This Landsat image from January 21, 2005, shows the B-15A iceberg on a collision course with the Drygalski Ice Tongue, part of a glacier off Antarctica. The iceberg was "stuck" at Drygalski for a while, but eventually broke away and broke up into smaller pieces. View Full Size


&txt25=The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer on the Terra satellite captured this image of the fires and clouds of smoke spread over Southern California on October 26, 2003. NASA spacecraft and astronauts often see the wildfires that plague the western U.S. because of dry conditions and high winds. View Full Size

&title26=Perspective on Tragedy

&txt26=A smoke plume rises from lower Manhattan area after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, in this photo from the International Space Station. "Our prayers and thoughts go out to all the people there, and everywhere else," said Station Commander Frank Culbertson of Expedition 3. View Full Size

&title27=Manhattan's Close Up

&txt27=Manhattan Island and its easily recognizable Central Park are featured in this image photographed by an Expedition 10 crewmember on the International Space Station. Some of the other New York City boroughs (including parts of Queens and Brooklyn) are also shown, as are two small sections of the New Jersey side of the Hudson River (left). View Full Size

&title28=A Perfect Storm

&txt28=NASA's Terra satellite captured these images of the dust storm as it swirled over China on April 7, 2001. Researchers watched with surprise as dust from the Asian storm crossed the Pacific reaching as far east as the Great Lakes and even Maryland. View Full Size

&title29=Great Wall

&txt29=The Great Wall of China and Inner Mongolia are featured in this image photographed by Expedition 10 Commander Leroy Chiao on the International Space Station. Despite myths to the contrary, the wall isn't visible from the moon, and is difficult or impossible to see from Earth orbit without the high-powered lenses used for this photo. View Full Size

&title30=Terkezi Oasis

&txt30=This Landsat 7 image shows a colorful and rocky expanse in the Sahara Desert, spanning about 50 kilometers near the Terkezi Oasis in Chad. The Sahara, which dominates the top third of Africa, is Earth's largest band of dry land. View Full Size

&title31=Hurricane Emily

&txt31=Expedition 11 NASA Science Officer John Phillips captured this photo of Hurricane Emily with the moon over the horizon on July 17, 2005, as the storm churned in the Caribbean Sea east of the Yucatan Peninsula. View Full Size

&title32=Measuring Rainfall

&txt32=Data from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission satellite in September 2005 show the heaviest rain developing in the eastern bands of Tropical Storm Ophelia. Blue represents areas with at least 0.25 inches of rain per hour. View Full Size

&title33=Katrina in the Gulf

&txt33=NASA spacecraft watched closely in 2005 as a record-breaking Atlantic hurricane season yielded 27 named storms, including the devastating Hurricane Katrina, seen here at full strength in an Aug. 29, 2005 image from the GOES-12 weather satellite. View Full Size

&title34=Katrina's Impact

&txt34=Before and after views from NASA's Terra satellite show Katrina's impact on New Orleans. Seventeen days after the storm hit, much of the city remains under water, as seen in the bottom photo. View Full Size

&title35=Ice Shelf Collapse

&txt35=>This multi-angle composite image from the Multi-angle Imaging Spectroradiometer on NASA's Terra spacecraft captures the disintegration of a portion of a large ice shelf in Western Antartica, the Wilkins Ice Shelf, on March 17, 2008. Rough ice appears orange. View Full Size

&title36=The Ozone Hole

&txt36=The depleted region in Earth's protective ozone layer over the Antarctic reached its 2007 peak on September 13, as seen in blue and purple in this image created with data from NASA's Aura satellite. The extent of the hole in 2007 was about average compared with the past few decades. View Full Size

&title37=The Ocean Chromatic

&txt37=This image shows the abundance of life in the sea, measured by the SeaWiFS instrument aboard the Seastar satellite. Dark blue represents warmer areas where there is little life due to lack of nutrients, and greens and reds represent cooler nutrient-rich areas. The nutrient-rich areas include coastal regions where cold water rises from the sea floor bringing nutrients along and areas at the mouths of rivers where the rivers have brought nutrients into the ocean from the land. View Full Size

&title38=Mapping CO2

&txt38=This 2003 image from the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder instrument on NASA's Aqua spacecraft shows the distribution of carbon dioxide in Earth's atmosphere. The red areas represent the heaviest concentration, the blue areas represent the lightest. View Full Size

&title39=El Nino and La Nina

&txt39=The U.S./French TOPEX/Poseidon satellite took these images of Pacific Ocean highlighting the weather phenomena known as El Nino and La Nina. The 1997 image of El Nino at left shows an increasing warm water pool, shown in white. The 1999 La Nina image at right shows the low sea level or cold pool of water in purple weakening in size and heat. View Full Size Left image | View Full Size Right Image

&title40=Flying Over Antarctica

&txt40=The Larsen Ice Shelf in Antarctica as seen from NASA's DC-8 aircraft during the AirSAR 2004 campaign. The three-week international expedition in Central and South America used an all-weather imaging tool, called the Airborne Synthetic Aperture Radar, on the DC-8. View Full Size

&title41=Sea of Sand

&txt41=The Algerian desert is featured in this 2004 image photographed by Expedition 10 Commander Leroy Chiao on the International Space Station. View Full Size

&title42=Ferrar Glacier, Antarctica

&txt42=Researchers at NASA, the National Science Foundation, the U.S. Geological Survey and the British Antarctic Survey compiled more than 1,000 Landsat 7 images to create the Landsat Image Mosaic of Antarctica. The result is the first-ever true-color bird's-eye view of the continent, showing all its frozen features. View Full Size

&title43=Italy and Mt. Etna

&txt43=The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer on NASA's Terra satellite captured this image of Italy's boot-shaped mainland and the island of Sicily in the summer of 2002. The white plume rising from Sicily is smoke from the erupting volcano Mt. Etna. View Full Size

&title44=Gibraltar in 3-D

&txt44=An image generated from a Landsat satellite photo and an elevation model produced by the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission shows the Strait of Gibraltar, which is the entrance to the Mediterranean Sea from the Atlantic Ocean. Spain is on the left. Morocco is on the right. The Rock of Gibraltar, administered by Great Britain, is the peninsula in the back left. View Full Size

&title45=Future Earth View

&txt45=An artist's concept shows NASA's next generation human spacecraft, Orion, approaching the International Space Station with Earth stretching out below. Orion is set to carry astronauts to the moon by 2020, where a new generation will look back at our fragile home in space. View Full Size