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For release: 02/14/03
Photo release #: 03-027

Chandra image reveals heart-shaped gas cloud

Photo description: Chandra image of NGC 346 Large 2400 x 2400 (300)
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Chandra X-ray Observatory Image of NGC 346: A Heart in the Darkness

This NASA Chandra X-ray Observatory image of the young star cluster NGC 346 highlights a heart-shaped cloud of 8 million degree Celsius gas in the central region. Evidence from radio, optical and ultraviolet telescopes suggests that the hot cloud, which is about 100 light years across, is the remnant of a supernova explosion that occurred thousands of years ago.

The progenitor could have been a companion of the massive young star that is responsible for the bright X-ray source at the top center of the image. This young star, HD 5980, one of the most massive known, has been observed to undergo dramatic eruptions during the last decade. An alternative model for the origin of the hot cloud is that eruptions of HD 5980 long ago produced the cloud of hot gas, in a manner similar to the gas cloud observed around the massive star Eta Carinae.

Future observations will be needed to decide between the alternatives. Until then, the nature of the heart in the darkness will remain mysterious. NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala., manages the Chandra program for NASA. (NASA/CXC/U.Liege/Y.Nazé et al.)

Steve Roy
Media Relations Dept.
(256) 544-0034

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