Inter-American Defense College Gains Insight at NASA Langley
By: Jim Hodges
They came to visit the usual stops visitors see when they come to NASA
Langley -- the gantry, the Hangar, the Transonic Dynamics Tunnel, the 14- by
22-foot Wind Tunnel – but they also came because the Inter-American Defense
College is not just about the military.
"My knowledge about NASA is not too big, but it is interesting to see how
civilians are running the space program," said Air Force Brig. Gen. Roberto
Rodriguez of Guatemala, chief of studies at the college, which is housed at
Fort McNair in Washington.
"Defense is not only a military business, it's a conjunction of civilians
and military, and NASA is defense, not only for America but for the globe."
The Wednesday stop at Langley was just one on a two-day tour of Hampton
Roads for the 50 students, who hail from 14 countries. It was the only
non-military facility visited by the group, which came to the center from
the Training and Doctrine Command headquarters at Fort Monroe and visited
Langley Air Force Base afterward.
"This particular year, the admiral (RAdm. Moira Flanders, director of IADC)
wanted to change things up and come down to Norfolk," said Army Col. Linda
Gould, deputy chief of studies at IADC. "Your part of the visit is going to
make a success."
The tour is part of an 11-month program of studies at the school, which is
operated under the auspices of the Organization of American States and the
Inter-American Defense Board. Students include military officers, civilians
and government officials, all working to learn ways to operate with each
Distinguished alumni include Michelle Bachelet, former president of Chile,
and Lucio Gutierrez, former president of Ecuador, along with 31 ministers
and 571 general officers or admirals.
The group makes three field trips. This year, it has gone to the New York to
the United Nations, and also to see Columbia University and the Council on
Foreign Relations; and to several South American countries.
A year ago, a trip to Atlanta included a visit to the Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention.
This year, Hampton Roads, with Langley.
"The idea is not to just go to military organizations," Gould said. "The
idea is to go to something totally different. Something that's unique to the
government of the country we're in."
NASA is unique.
"We grew up watching on TV and in the movies this NASA name and
development," said Mexican Army Col. Andres Aguirre, president of this
year's class. "NASA, the name, is not strange to us. We know it represents
"Having this opportunity to visit a NASA installation and talk to some of
the people who work here is giving us input into what this organization
represents to the U.S. and also to the world. So many improvements, so many
inventions come from that NASA research."
Aguirre is especially attuned to the agency. He has visited other NASA
facilities, including Johnson Space Center, and his government is becoming
increasingly supportive of NASA's aims.
"Just 15 days ago or a week ago, my congress passed a law giving funds to
have a space agency similar to NASA," Aguirre said. "Certainly, it won't
have as many resources."
"But somehow, within the limitations we have for resources," Mexico would
like to emulate NASA, Aguirre said. "We already have some satellites,
Mexican built, but we didn't have the capabilities for vehicles to send the
satellites into space. I'm talking 10-15 years ago. NASA helped us,
supported us, to get these satellites into space.
"There is a great intention for us to participate in this space development.
We feel we have some capabilities, especially with human resources, that
might help the effort that NASA and the U.S. are doing."
There is also an awareness of NASA's work in climate change and other
science initiatives, and of technology spawned by the agency.
"NASA is involved in research and education," said Rodriguez. "That's why
it's an important part of our field trip."
Still, to many, NASA represents space and the future. Frankling Chang Diaz,
who has participated in six shuttle missions, more than any other astronaut,
is a hero in Latin America.
"My country is not too big," Rodriguez said. "Chang is from Costa Rica.
Sooner or later, a guy from Guatemala, a guy from Salvador will go into
The perception outside the United States is that NASA represents more than
just this country and that perception goes well beyond politics.
"Space study is not only a U.S. task, a U.S. responsibility, it's a human
task," said Aguirre. "Whenever the U.S. sends a man or sends a machine or a
satellite outside our space, it represents not only a U.S. success, it
represents a human success."
So 50 students from the Inter-American Defense College visited NASA Langley
on Wednesday to gain some insight on the way things are done in a government
agency in the United States.
"It helps us understand what actions we might take to support our civilian
authorities in democratic values," Aguirre said. "Coming to NASA gives us an
opportunity to come in contact with a different perception of development,
of what technology has made before, is doing now and what it is going to do
in the future.
"That research is very important for societies, for democracies. If we have
a strong democracy, then in our role as advisors to our governments we will
have more tools to be better advisors."
The Researcher News
NASA Langley Research Center
Editor & Curator: Denise Lineberry
Managing Editor: Jim Hodges
Executive Editor & Responsible NASA Official: Keith Henry