1. Who was the first director at what would later become Kennedy Space Center?
a. Chuck Yeager
b. John Glenn
c. Kurt Debus
d. Wernher von Braun
2. How many tons of structural steel make up the skeletal frame of the Vehicle Assembly Building?
3. When completed in 1965, the Launch Control Center won an award for:
4. Before it became an independent NASA installation, the center was a directorate under what other NASA center?
d. NASA HQ
5. What was the center named in 1962 when first designated an independent NASA installation?
a. Launch Operations Center
b. Cape Kennedy
c. Florida Launch Center
d. Merritt Island Launch Complex
6. Feb. 20, 2012, marked the 50th anniversary of the first American to orbit Earth. Who was it?
a. Alan Shepard
b. Gus Grissom
c. John Glenn
d. Scott Carpenter
7. Technology used in Ohio coal mining was used to build the:
a. LC-39 launch pads
b. Crawler transporters
c. Vehicle Assembly Building
d. Saturn rocket
8. President John F. Kennedy made how many trips to the launch center that was later named for him?
b. Just one
9. What was the original name of the Vehicle Assembly Building?
a. Rocket Assembly Facility
b. Vertical Assembly Building
c. Vehicle Processing Facility
d. Saturn Assembly Building
10. The crawlerway was built to withstand loads in excess of how many pounds per square foot?
11. What was the original name for the mobile launchers during the Apollo Program?
a. Launcher Umbilical Towers
b. Fixed Service Structures
c. Launch Support Towers
d. Saturn Umbilical Towers
12. What name was the Operations and Checkout Building known by during the Apollo Program?
a. Manned Spacecraft Checkout Building
b. Manned Spaceflight Operations Building
c. Manned Spacecraft Test Facility
d. Manned Spacecraft Operations Building
13. How many launch pads were constructed in Launch Complex 39 to support the Apollo Program?
14. NASA's shuttle era began April 12, 1981, with the launch of which space shuttle on the STS-1 mission.
15. What caused the Apollo 13 mission to be aborted in April 1970?
a. Propulsion system running out of fuel
b. A crew member's sickness
c. The capsule going off course
d. An oxygen tank rupture
16. Which one of NASA's original seven astronauts, selected in April 1959, did not fly on his first space mission until the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project in 1975?
a. Alan Shepard
b. Gus Grissom
c. Gordon Cooper
d. Deke Slayton
17. Which space shuttle was the first to land in darkness at Kennedy Space Center's Shuttle Landing Facility?
18. Rockets occupied both pads at Launch Complex 39 for the first time in May 1973 for which NASA program?
19. What was the name of Scott Carpenter's Mercury capsule that launched 50 years ago on May 24?
a. Aurora 7
b. Faith 7
c. Freedom 7
d. Sigma 7
20. The largest American flag and Bicentennial logo ever painted were displayed on which of Kennedy's buildings?
b. Operations and Checkout
c. Space Station Processing Facility
d. Vehicle Assembly Building
21. How many times were space shuttles ferried to Kennedy Space Center simultaneously?
c. Three times
d. Four times
22. Which of these is not
one of NASA's "Great Observatories?"
23. How many shuttle end-of-mission landings took place at Kennedy's Shuttle Landing Facility?
24. How many of space shuttle Columbia's thermal protection system tiles were installed after its arrival at Kennedy?
25. What year did the first space shuttle arrive at Kennedy?
26. When did Skylab, NASA's first space station, re-enter Earth's atmosphere?
27. After launching on the first lunar-landing mission on July 16, 1969, approximately how many miles did the Apollo 11 crew travel in eight days?
28. On July 20, 1969, the Apollo 11 lunar module carrying astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin touched down on what area of the moon?
a. Sea of Tranquility
b. Ocean of Storms
c. Fra Mauro
29. Lee Scherer, Kennedy Space Center's second director, was director of which other NASA center?
30. Who was the first civilian astronaut to fly in space?
a. John Glenn
b. Neil Armstrong
c. Sally Ride
d. John Young
31. How many Kennedy Space Center directors were former NASA astronauts?
32. What was the first man-made object to leave the solar system?
a. Vanguard 2
b. Mariner 2
c. Surveyor 1
d. Pioneer 10
33. Fifty years ago on Aug. 27, NASA launched its first spacecraft to scan another planet. Identify the spacecraft and planet.
b. Mariner 2/Venus
c. Mariner 1/Mars
d. Surveyor 2/Saturn
34. The launch of space shuttle Challenger on Aug. 30, 1983, marked the first:
a. Challenger launch
b. African-American in space
c. U.S. woman in space
d. Kennedy shuttle landing
35. What was the first U.S. satellite launched?
a. Mariner 1
b. Surveyor 1
c. Pioneer 1
d. Explorer 1
36. The first scientist-astronaut few aboard what mission?
a. Gemini 8
b. Apollo 17
37. Which Kennedy Space Center director became a member of the rocket research and development team at Redstone Arsenal, Ala., in June 1951?
a. Richard Smith
b. Lee Scherer
c. Kurt Debus
d. Robert Crippen
38. Where were the astronaut crew quarters located before the Operations and Checkout Building was constructed?
a. Launch Pad 5/6 blockhouse
b. Hangar AE
c. Hangar S
d. Cocoa Beach Holiday Inn
39. How many NASA launches were conducted from Cape Canaveral fifty years ago?
40. Which of these is not the name of one of three multi-purpose logistics modules?
41. How many times did the space shuttle dock with the Russian space station Mir?
42. Space shuttle Atlantis launched on its first mission in what year?
43. How much did it cost to buy a stamp featuring Echo 1 in 1960?
a. 4 cents
b. 6 cents
c. 10 cents
d. 15 cents
44. Who was the first Kennedy employee to fly in space after becoming an astronaut?
a. Nicole Stott
b. Joe Acaba
c. Kay Hire
d. Mike McCulley
45. November 1967 marked the first launch of what U.S. rocket?
b. Saturn V
c. Delta II
d. Atlas V
46. On its Nov. 30, 2000, launch for STS-97, Endeavour carried what U.S. "first" as its payload?
a. Space station solar arrays
b. Space station truss
c. Space station laboratory
d. Space telescope
47. Even though the Apollo 17 launch on Dec. 7, 1972, was the last of the program, it also marked what "first" for the U.S. human space program?
a. Docking with a satellite
b. Night launch
c. Moon landing
d. Crew of four
48. Who commanded the first International Space Station assembly mission, STS-88, launched in Dec. 1998?
a. Jerry Ross
b. Eileen Collins
c. Story Musgrave
d. Bob Cabana
49. Launched aboard a Titan-Centaur rocket in 1977, what spacecraft holds the record as most distant human-made object in space?
a. Surveyor 1
b. Mariner 2
c. Pioneer 10
d. Voyager 1
1. Dr. Kurt H. Debus
served a long tenure as the first center director of the John F. Kennedy Space Center in Florida -- from 1962 to 1974.
2. The skeletal framework of the VAB consists of 60,000
tons of structural steel, comprised of 45,000 separate pieces, fastened together with 1,000,000 high-strength bolts.
3. The Launch Control Center won the 1965 Architectural Award for the Industrial Design
of the Year.
4. The center was the Launch Operations Directorate before it was separated from the Marshall Space Flight Center
by executive order in July 1962.
5. In July 1962, the center was designated the Launch Operations Center
. It was renamed the John F. Kennedy Space Center in December 1963.
6. On Feb. 20, 1962, John Glenn
became the first American to orbit Earth, making three revolutions in his Friendship 7 spacecraft before splashing down 800 miles southeast of Bermuda.
7. The technology used by the Marion Power Shovel Company to build the huge, reliable crawler transporters
was deeply rooted in the coal fields of Ohio.
8. President Kennedy visited what was then called the Launch Operations Center three
times -- twice in 1962, and a third time just a week before his assassination in November 1963.
9. The Vehicle Assembly Building was originally known as the Vertical Assembly Building
during the early phases of its construction.
10. With each of the crawler's four tractor units calculated to exert 4,400,000 pounds of load, the crawlerway must withstand in excess of 12,000
pounds per square foot.
11. The mobile launchers originally were named launcher umbilical towers
, or LUTs, after their most dominant feature.
12. The Operations and Checkout Building was called the Manned Spacecraft Operations Building during the Apollo Program and housed the astronaut crew quarters.
13. Although several launch pads on Cape Canaveral were used for the Apollo Program, only two pads were constructed in Launch Complex 39 to support the Saturn V rocket.
, the first shuttle built, was delivered to Kennedy Space Center in 1979 and flew the first five space shuttle missions.
15. A ruptured service module oxygen tank
on Apollo 13 caused a power failure of the command and service module electrical system, requiring that the mission be aborted.
16. Deke Slayton
was grounded due to a heart condition, discovered in August 1959, but was restored to full flight status in March 1972.
was the first space shuttle to land at night on Kennedy's Shuttle Landing Facility runway, touching down at 3:56 a.m. EDT on Sept. 22, 1993.
18. In May 1973, a Saturn V rocket stood ready to launch the uncrewed Skylab
workshop on Pad A as a Saturn IB rocket was prepared to launch the Skylab-2 crew from Pad B.
19. Scott Carpenter became the fourth American to fly in space when he orbited Earth three times in his capsule, Aurora 7
, after launching on May 24, 1962.
20. The largest American flag and Bicentennial logo were painted on the Vehicle Assembly Building
in preparation for America's Bicentennial Exposition at Kennedy in 1976.
21. Two space shuttles were flown on the backs of NASA's twin shuttle carrier aircraft from California to Kennedy Space Center only once
, on March 6, 2001.
is not. NASA's "Great Observatories" are: Chandra X-ray Observatory, Hubble Space Telescope, Spitzer Space Telescope and the deorbited Compton Gamma Ray Observatory.
23. When the shuttle program ended in 2011, Kennedy Space Center's Shuttle Landing Facility had been the landing site for 78
24. Space shuttle Columbia was delivered from California without about 8,000
of its thermal protection system tiles, which were later installed by technicians at Kennedy.
25. The first space shuttle, Columbia, was delivered to Kennedy on March 24, 1979
, arriving at the Shuttle Landing Facility aboard a Shuttle Carrier Aircraft.
26. Skylab re-entered Earth's atmosphere in July 1979
. Astronauts lived and worked aboard Skylab, NASA's first space station, between May 1973 and February 1974.
27. On July 16, 1969, the Apollo 11 crew became the first to launch on a lunar-landing mission, beginning a journey of more than 950,000 miles
in eight days.
28. On July 20, 1969, the Apollo 11 lunar module carrying astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin touched down on the area of the moon known as the Sea of Tranquility
29. Lee Scherer was director of NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center
before becoming director of Kennedy Space Center in January 1975.
30. Neil Armstrong
was the first civilian astronaut to fly in space during the Gemini 8 mission in 1966.
Kennedy Space Center directors were former NASA astronauts: Robert Crippen, Roy Bridges and Robert Cabana.
32. The first man-made object to leave the solar system was Pioneer 10
, launched March 2, 1972.
33. Fifty years ago on Aug. 27, Mariner 2
was launched on a mission to scan Venus
, becoming NASA's first spacecraft to scan another planet.
34. Astronaut Guion S. Bluford Jr. became the first African-American to fly in space
as part of the STS-8 crew aboard space shuttle Challenger when it launched on Aug. 30, 1983.
35. On January 31, 1958, more than four years before Kennedy was designated a NASA center, the U.S. launched its first satellite, Explorer 1
36. Astronaut Harrison Schmitt was the first scientist-astronaut to fly in space as part of the Apollo 17
crew, launching Dec. 7, 1972.
37. Richard Smith
was a member of the rocket research and development team at Redstone Arsenal near Huntsville, Ala., before transferring to NASA in July 1960.
38. Before construction of the Operations and Checkout Building at Kennedy Space Center was completed, the astronaut crew quarters were located in Hangar S
at the Cape Canaveral Missile Test Annex, now known as Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.
39. The Eastern Space and Missile Center was a busy spaceport 50 years ago with 24
NASA launches conducted from the pads on Cape Canaveral in 1962.
was not the name of one of the three Italian-built multi-purpose logistics modules processed at Kennedy's Space Station Processing Facility. They were dubbed Leonardo, Raffaello and Donatello.
41. There were nine
Shuttle-Mir dockings, with the first occurring in 1995.
42. Space shuttle Atlantis launched on its first mission, STS-51J, on Oct. 3, 1985
43. A four-cent
stamp featuring Echo 1, the world's first passive communications satellite, was issued by the U.S. Postal Service on Dec. 15, 1960. Echo 1 was launched into Earth orbit by NASA on Aug. 12, 1960, from Pad 17A on Cape Canaveral.
44. Kay Hire
was the first Kennedy employee to fly in space after becoming an astronaut, launching aboard Columbia on April 17, 1998, for STS-90.
45. The first Saturn V
launched Nov. 9, 1967, on the Apollo 4 orbital test flight.
46. On its Nov. 30, 2000, launch for STS-97, Endeavour carried the first set of U.S.-provided solar arrays
to the space station.
47. The Apollo 17 mission began on Dec. 7, 1972, with the first night launch
in the history of the U.S. human space program.
48. Bob Cabana
, now director of Kennedy Space Center, commanded STS-88, the first space station construction mission.
49. On February 17, 1998, Voyager 1
passed Pioneer 10 to become the most distant human-made object in space, and is escaping the solar system at a speed of about 3.6 AU per year.