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NASA, NSBRI Select 17 Proposals in Space Radiation Research
The crews of future missions to the moon and Mars could face serious health risks from unwanted exposure to space radiation. NASA and the National Space Biomedical Research Institute, also known as NSBRI, Houston, will fund 17 new research projects that will enable NASA to better understand and reduce those risks.

Selected principal investigators, their organization and their proposal title for NASA awards are:

  • Jeff Bacher, Promega Corp., A Novel Biodosimetry Method
  • Janet Baulch, University of Maryland, Dose Rate Effects on the Mechanisms of Space Radiation-Induced Delayed Genomic Instability
  • Joel Bedford, Colorado State University, Dose-Rate Effects and Components of Systems Governing Variations in Susceptibility for Carcinogenic and Acute Radiation Risks Following Gamma-Ray, Proton, or HZE Irradiation
  • Eleanor Blakely, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Early Markers of Space Radiation-Induced Human Cataractogenesis
  • Polly Chang, SRI International, Tissue-Specific Acute and Late Molecular Surveillance of Particle Radiation Effects
  • Benjamin Chen, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, The Impact of HZE Particles on Adult Neural Stem Cells and Neurogenesis
  • Michael Comforth, University of Texas Medical Branch, Structural Chromosome Aberrations Formed in Response to Changes in Proton Energy and Dose Rate
  • Jian Zhi Hu, Battelle Memorial Institute—Pacific Northwest Division, Early Detection of Inflammatory Response and the Subsequent Health Outcomes Due to High LET Particle Radiation: An Integrated Metabolomics Study
  • Charles Limoli, University of California, Irvine, Dose-Rate and Mixed Field Effects of Protons and HZE Nuclei on Oxidative Injury and Stem Cell Plasticity in the CNS
  • Gregory Nelson, Loma Linda University, Epigenetic Control of Radiogenic Damage Processing in C. Elegans
  • Bernard Rabin, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Individual Differences in the Neurochemical and Behavioral Response to Exposure to Protons
  • Kanokporn Rithidech, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Dose-Rate Effects of Protons on the Induction of Genomic Instability in Vivo
  • Lubomir Smilenov, Columbia University, MiRNA Profiling of Radiation Response: A Systems Biology Approach to Understanding Regulation of Proton and Heavy Ion Dose Effects
  • Stefan Tafrov, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Histone Acetyltransferases and the Cellular Response to DNA Damage
  • Ya Wang, Thomas Jefferson University, The Mechanism of Excess Relative Risk on Carcinogenesis Induced by High-LET Radiation
Selected principal investigators, their organization and their proposal title for NSBRI awards are:

  • Thomas Borak, Colorado State University, Design of a Radiation Dosimeter for Astronauts During Lunar EVAs
  • Tore Straume, NASA Ames Research Center, Small Active Dosimetry System for Lunar EVA Missions: Spacesuit and Tool-Box Applications