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James Hartsfield

RELEASE: 94-043 June 30, 1994


Flight control for STS-65, the 17th flight of Columbia, will follow the procedures and traditions common to U.S. manned space flights since 1965, when the Mission Control Center (MCC) was first used.

The responsibility for Shuttle operations will revert to the MCC, Houston, once Columbia's two solid rocket boosters ignite. Mission support in the MCC will begin 5 hours prior to launch and continue through landing.

The primary objective of STS-65 is the around-the-clock operation of the second International Microgravity Laboratory (IML-2). Operations of IML-2 will be controlled from the Payload Operations Control Center at the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Al., from the time that the laboratory's experiments are activated until they are powered off at the end of the flight.

The Space Shuttle orbiter's operations will be conducted from Flight Control Room One (FCR-1) on the second floor of the MCC, located in Bldg. 30 at the Johnson Space Center. Voice communications with the Orbiter will be as standard from the MCC using the call signs "Houston" and "Columbia." Voice communications will occur from the Payload Operations Control Center simultaneously as well between the Crew Interface Coordinator (CIC) and the IML-2 crew. Those communications, which are planned to occur simultaneously with Orbiter-MCC communications, will use the call signs "Spacelab" and "Huntsville."

The teams of MCC flight controllers will alternate shifts in the control center and in nearby analysis and support facilities. The handover between each team takes about an hour and allows each flight controller to brief his or her replacement on developments during the previous two shifts.



The MCC flight control teams for this mission will be referred to as the Ascent/Entry Team, the Orbit 1 Team, Orbit 2 Team, Orbit 3 Team and Orbit 4 Team, a team that will alternate times on console to provide a break for the other teams at various times during the 2-week mission. The Ascent/Entry Teams and the Orbit 1 Team will be led by Flight Director Jeff Bantle. The Orbit 2 shift will be conducted by Lead STS-65 Flight Director Milt Heflin. The Orbit 3 Team will be led by Flight Director Bob Castle and the Orbit 4 Team will be led by Flight Director Phil Engelauf.



The flight control positions in the MCC, and their responsibilities, are:

Flight Director (FLIGHT)

Has overall responsibility for the conduct of the mission.

Spacecraft Communicator (CAPCOM)

By tradition an astronaut; responsible for all voice contact with the flight crew.

Flight Activities Officer (FAO)

Responsible for procedures and crew timelines; provides expertise on flight documentation and checklists; prepares messages and maintains all teleprinter and/or Text and Graphics System traffic to the vehicle.

Integrated Communications Officer (INCO)

Responsible for all Orbiter data, voice and video communications systems; monitors the telemetry link between the vehicle and the ground; oversees the uplink command and control processes.

Flight Dynamics Officer (FDO)

Responsible for monitoring vehicle performance during the powered flight phase and assessing abort modes; calculating orbital maneuvers and resulting trajectories; and monitoring vehicle flight profile and energy levels during reentry.

Trajectory Officer (TRAJECTORY)

Also known as "TRAJ," this operator aids the FDO during dynamic flight phases and is responsible for maintaining the trajectory processors in the MCC and for trajectory inputs made to the Mission Operations Computer.

Guidance, Navigation & Control Systems Engineer (GNC)

Responsible for all inertial navigational systems hardware such as star trackers, radar altimeters and the inertial measurement units; monitors radio navigation and digital autopilot hardware systems.

Guidance & Procedures Officer (GPO)

Responsible for the onboard navigation software and for maintenance of the Orbiter's navigation state, known as the state vector. Also responsible for monitoring crew vehicle control during ascent, entry, or rendezvous.

Rendezvous Guidance and Procedures Officer (RENDEZVOUS)

The RENDEZVOUS GPO is specialist who monitors onboard navigation of the Orbiter during rendezvous and proximity operations.

Environmental Engineer & Consumables Manager (EECOM)

Responsible for all life support systems, cabin pressure, thermal control and supply and waste water management; manages consumables such as oxygen and hydrogen.

Electrical Generation and Illumination Officer (EGIL)

Responsible for power management, fuel cell operation, vehicle lighting and the master caution and warning system.

Payloads Officer (PAYLOADS)

Coordinates all payload activities; serves as principal interface with remote payload operations facilities.

Data Processing Systems Engineer (DPS)

Responsible for all onboard mass memory and data processing hardware; monitors primary and backup flight software systems; manages operating routines and multi-computer configurations.

Propulsion Engineer (PROP)

Manages the reaction control and orbital maneuvering thrusters during all phases of flight; monitors fuel usage and storage tank status; calculates optimal sequences for thruster firings.

Booster Systems Engineer (BOOSTER)

Monitors main engine and solid rocket booster performance during ascent phase.

Ground Controller (GC)

Coordinates operation of ground stations and other elements of worldwide space tracking and data network; responsible for MCC computer support and displays.

Maintenance, Mechanical, Arm & Crew Systems (MMACS)

Formerly known as RMU; responsible for remote manipulator system; monitors auxiliary power units and hydraulic systems; manages payload bay and vent door operations.

Extravehicular Activities (EVA)

A specialist responsible for monitoring and coordinating preparations for and execution of space walks. Responsibilities include monitoring suit and EVA hardware performance when applicable.

Payload Deployment & Retrieval Systems (PDRS)

A specialist responsible for monitoring and coordinating the operation of the remote manipulator system when it is carried aboard the Orbiter.

Flight Surgeon (SURGEON)

Monitors health of flight crew; provides procedures and guidance on all health-related matters.

Public Affairs Officer (PAO)

Provides real-time explanation of mission events during all phases of flight.





FLIGHT Jeff Bantle Jeff Bantle Milt Heflin Bob Castle/

Phil Engelauf

CAPCOM Charlie Precourt Mario Runco Bill McArthur Marc Garneau/

Dave Wolf-Story Musgrave

PAO James Hartsfield (A)

Kyle Herring (E)

Kyle Herring

Kari Fluegel Catherine Watson
FAO Clare Kingsford Clare Kingsford John Tolle Greg Smith/

Tracy Calhoun

INCO Chris Counts Chris Counts Richard LaBrode Gary Horlacher/

Allen Morrison

FDO Carson Sparks (A)

Keith Fletcher (E)

Richard Theis Bill Tracy Bill Britz/

Dan Adamo

TRAJ Deborah Kessler (A)

Roger Simpson (E)

Roger Simpson Lisa Shore Robert Stein/

Pamela McCraw

GPO Dennis Bentley (A)

Glenn Pogue (E)


GNC Ken Bain Ken Bain Ed Trlica Jeff Davis/

Stanley Schaeffer

EECOM Leonard Riche Leonard Riche Quinn Carelock Jimmy Spivey/

Kathy Messersmith

EGIL Benjamin Pawlik Larry Minter Ray Miessler Jim Azbell

PAYLOADS Rebecca Swanson Rebecca Swanson Kenneth Edwards Timothy Baum/

Joseph Cavallaro

DPS Gloria Araiza Young Gloria Araiza Young Jeffrey Wyrick Terry Keeler/

Robert Walton

PROP Bill Powers Robbie Gest Larry Schmitt Thomas Lazo/

Nantel Suzuki

BOOSTER John Calhoun (A)

Jon Reding (E)

N/A N/A Franklin Markle

GC Chuck Capps

Johnnie Brothers

John Snyder

Frank Stolarski

Terry Quick

Melissa Blizzard

Mike Marsh/

Ed Klein

MMACS Karl Pohl Karl Pohl Bill Anderson Ladessa Hicks/

Robert Doremus



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