Contact Us

General Inquiry:
Strategic Opportunities & Partnership Development Office
Phone: 281.483.3000

Mailing Address:
National Aeronautics & Space Administration
Johnson Space Center
Mail Code: AO
2101 NASA Parkway
Houston, Texas 77058

Operations & Training

    Training Flight Crew for SpaceTraining Flight Crew for Spacewalks
    Photo credit: NASA

    The Johnson Space Center offers capabilities in mission planning, crew training, flight product generation, and real-time operational support in the Mission Control Center. Our Plan-Train-Fly model incorporates over 45 years of expertise, leadership, and valuable lessons learned that creates a mission operations team of technical excellence, with the agility to fit any mission. This technical excellence is built upon our leadership culture, which provides integration of complex tasks, makes critical risk trades in safety, mission success, cost and schedule, and partners with industry to deploy innovative solutions to mitigate redesigns and ensure operable spacecraft systems.


    • Plan
      Spaceflight Timelines
      Orbital Flight and Trajectories
      Spacecraft Monitoring System Parameters
      Spacecraft Design for Operations Considerations
    • Train
      Flight Crews for Spacewalks
      Flight Crews for Spacecraft Systems
      Spaceflight Simulation Systems
    • Fly
      Real-Time Spaceflight Anomaly Risk Analysis
      Spacecraft Control Systems for Mission Control
      Worldwide Spacecraft Communications Network
      Flight Procedures and Check List

    The Johnson Space Center has extensive facilities for testing, training and executing human space missions. These facilities can support the entire mission development cycle, from early design and ops concepts testing to training for crews and flight control teams to providing physical control room space for real-time support. JSC facilities represent the best of over 50 years of successful spaceflight along with new technology investments implemented to leverage industry solutions and provide the best platform possible for mission support.

Operations & Training Facilities

  • Mission Operations

    Mission Control Center

    The Mission Control Center (MCC) at Johnson Space Center directs all space shuttle missions, including international space station assembly flights. MCC also currently manages all activity onboard the international space station. The MCC consists of highly scalable Flight Controller Mission Support and Training Rooms, as well as command and control infrastructure.

  • Neutral Buoyancy Laboratory

    Neutral Buoyancy Laboratory

    The world’s largest indoor pool, the Neutral Buoyancy Laboratory, holds 6.2 million gallons of water and is more than 200 feet long and 40 feet deep. Deep within the pool, which simulates the weightless environment of space, astronauts currently train for spacewalks on full-sized replicas of space station modules.

  • Space Station Training Facility

    Training Simulator Facility

    The Training Simulator Facility is a systems and payloads multi-segment trainer. The facility currently simulates "inter-system" and "inter-payload" operations, provides connectivity to other training facilities and control centers (Mission Control Center (MCC), Payload Operations Integration Center (POIC), and/or International Partner (IP) control centers), and integrates IP simulators. The facility currently uses real International Space Station flight software and a limited subset of functional equivalent unit hardware to produce a high-fidelity facility for crewmember and flight controller training and procedure verification. It provides nominal and off-nominal on-orbit operations training for assembly, activation and checkout, system and payload operations, and multi-segment operations.

  • Space Vehicle Mockup Facility

    The Space Vehicle Mockup Facility is currently home to full-sized mockups of the shuttle’s flight deck and mid-deck and one full-sized shuttle mockups. Station mockups of the complex’s different habitable elements familiarize astronauts with the stations’ layout.

  • Integrated Planning System

    Integrated Planning System

    The Integrated Planning System (IPS) provides cost-effective, multi-program mission design and analysis capabilities. The IPS currently incorporates all mission planning/design functions for both the International Space Station (ISS) Program and the Space Shuttle Program in a common hardware and software system. The IPS provides the planning and analysis tools required to support long range mission and vehicle change assessments, mission design, mission and increment planning, pre-mission and contingency analysis, and direct mission support.

  • Virtual Reality System

    Virtual Reality System

    Astronauts preparing for spacewalks or robotic arm operations currently test their skills in the Virtual Reality Laboratory, which immerses them in a computer-generated microgravity environment.

  • Space Radiation

    Space Radiation Analysis

    Provides 24/7/365 solar radiation environmental monitoring and manned spaceflight operations support. The Space Radiation Dosimetry Laboratory provides radiation dosimetry support through the measurement of crew radiation exposures and characterization of vehicle environments.

  • Medical Monitoring, Operations, and Rehabilitation

    Medical Monitoring, Operations, and Rehabilitation

    Medical experts and laboratories to provide diagnostic and medical treatment to crewmembers through all phases of preflight training, during on-orbit operations (through telemedicine), and during postflight recovery and rehabilitation.

  • Medical Informatics and Health Care Systems

    Medical Informatics and Health Care Systems

    Ground and space-based clinical capabilities and secure medical information solutions and medical systems that enable data acquisition, data analysis, and data distribution of medically relevant data, information and knowledge.

  • ISS Medical Project

    ISS Medical Project

    Maximizes the use the ISS and other spaceflight platforms to assess the effects of spaceflight on human systems, devise and verify strategies to ensure optimal crew behavior and performance; and develop and validate a suite of integrated physical (e.g., exercise), pharmacologic and/or nutritional countermeasures against deleterious effects of spaceflight that may impact mission success or crew health.

  • Telescience Support

    Telescience Support

    The Telescience Support Center (TSC) provides assigned payload services to the International Space Station (ISS), Space Transportation System (STS), SPACEHAB mission payloads, and other programs as required. The facility provides display and control capabilities using uniquely configured computer hardware and software to support payload experiments. The facility receives voice, video and data from external interfaces and provides these features to the JSC TSC users. Using state-of-the-art technology and Intranet concepts, TSC processes and distributes engineering and science data to the associated user communities. The TSC also provides payload users access to various data and information management services.

Mission Operations Brochure

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