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NASA, Headquarters
Washington, DC
Phone: (202) 358-1547

Nancy Neal
Goddard Space Flight Center
Greenbelt, MD
Phone: (301) 286-0039

Irina Bruckner
European Space Agency, Noordwijk, Netherlands
(Phone: + 31/71/565-3273)

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September 23, 2004 - (date of web publication)






Speakers' Biographies


Dr. Michael Salamon

Michael Salamon received his B.S. in Physics at MIT in 1972 and his Ph.D. in Physics from U.C. Berkeley in 1981. He remained at U.C. Berkeley as a Research Physicist until 1988, when he took a faculty position at the University of Utah, where he continued his research in high energy particle and gamma-ray astrophysics for thirteen years. He moved to NASA Headquarters in 2001 to take the position of Discipline Scientist for Fundamental Physics in the (then) Division of Astronomy and Physics of the Office of Space Science. He is also the NASA HQ Program Scientist for LISA, Planck, GP-B, and WMAP.

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Dr. J. Patrick Henry

J. Patrick Henry is a Professor of Astronomy at the Institute for Astronomy of the University of Hawaii and former Director of the Hawaii telescopes on Mauna Kea (1984- 1987). He previously was at the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (1974-1981).

Henry has been involved in the construction and use of several X-ray astronomy instruments on NASA and international satellites, including the Einstein Observatory, ROSAT, ASCA, Chandra and XMM-Newton. Using these instruments, he has discovered X-ray emission from clusters of galaxies at cosmological distances and then showed that this emission changes over cosmic time, which he used to understand how the universe will evolve into the future. He is currently a member of the International Science Working Group for the Japanese Space Agency's ASTRO-E2 mission. Henry is a member of the American Astronomical Society.

He received the Senior Research Award from the Humboldt Foundation of Germany in 2003 and the Woodrow Wilson Fellowship in 1969. The former award recognizes lifetime accomplishments while the latter is a national award supporting graduate education.

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Dr. August Evrard

Dr. August E. (Gus) Evrard is a professor of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Michigan and a member of the Virgo Consortium, an international group of computational cosmologists. After receiving a PhD in Physics in 1986 from SUNY-Stony Brook, Evrard held a NATO Fellowship at the Institute of Astronomy in Cambridge, England and a Miller Fellowship at UC, Berkeley before joining the Michigan faculty.

Dr. Evrard is a leader in the area of computational cosmology, having developed the first general purpose numerical code that allows investigation of dark and visible matter as distinct, interacting components. He pioneered the study of visible matter evolution in clusters of galaxies and created the first models of galactic disk formation in a cosmological environment. In 1998, Evrard led an effort by the the Virgo Consortium to create the first detailed simulation of cosmic structure within the entire visible universe. His current work is focused on developing tools to enable parallel studies of real and virtual galaxy clusters in an emerging Virtual Observatory environment.

At Michigan, Evrard is an award-winning teacher who has pushed the development of instructional technology tools, such as web-based homework and in-class response systems, in large introductory classes. To his students, `Prof. Gus' is a popular and effective lecturer, as witnessed by comments and scores posted at RateMyProfessors.com.

Dr. Evrard has served as a consultant to the National Geographic Society and as an advisor to the National Air and Space Museum. He is active in the Science Definition Team of the Constellation-X Observatory and the Science Working Group of the US National Virtual Observatory. He is a member of the American Astronomical Society and the Royal Astronomical Society.

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Dr. Richard Mushotzky

Dr. Richard Mushotzky is Goddard Space Flight Center senior fellow, a mission scientist for XMM as well as the US project scientist for XMm-Newton . He is also a member of the Chandra and Astro-E2 science working groups. Dr. Mushotzky has worked on x-ray emission from clusters and groups, x-ray emission from active and normal galaxies and cosmology and has over 50 published papers on x-ray emission from clusters.

Amongst his awards have been the NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement award (twice), the NASA Exceptional Achievement award, and the Goddard Space Flight Center Lindsay award for scientific achievement.

Dr. Mushotzky has supervised the PhDs of 9 students and the research of over 10 post-doctoral fellows. He has been involved in many NASA and international x-ray astronomy missions, in particular HEAO-1, Einstein, ASCA, BBXRT, Chandra and XMM-Newton.

Graduated from the Bronx High School of Science (1964)
Massachusetts Institue of Technology (B.S. physics 1968)
University of California San Diego (PhD physics 1976)

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