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Rob Gutro
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(Phone: 301/286-4044)

Alan D. Buis
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(Phone: 818/354-0474)

Dick Thompson
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(Phone: 202/767-1936)

Anatta
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Mario Aguilera or Cindy Clark
Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the
University of California, San Diego, Calif.
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Viewable Images

Caption for Item 1: UAE IN TRUE COLOR

This is a true color image of the United Arab Emirates taken from Aqua-MODIS on August 10, 2004. A dust plume surrounds peninsular UAE/Oman and the Straight of Hormuz. Credit: NASA

Caption for Item 2: TEMPERATURES IN UAE

This is a color-coded image of temperatures of land and ocean around the United Arab Emirates taken from Terra-MODIS on August 10, 2004. It shows water temperatures from 29°C in the Gulf of Oman to 35°C in the Arabian Gulf (84°F to 95°F) and land surface temperatures exceeding 55°C (131°F). Credit: NASA

Caption for Item 3: MISSION LOCATION

This is a map of the study area for the UEA2 Mission. Credit: NASA

Caption for Item 4: MAJOR AL MANDOOS WITH SUN PHOTOMETER

Major Abdulla Al Mandoos, Head of Meteorological Sec. Office of His Highness the President, Department of Water Resources Studies, with a Sun Photometer. CREDIT: NASA

Caption for Item 5: AERONET IN ACTION

Engineers Omar (left) and Mohammed Ramzan (right) stand in front of the Cimel sunphotometer (part of the Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET)), as it collects aerosol data at the Jabal Hafeet site in the United Arab Emirates. CREDIT: NASA




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August 18, 2004 - (date of web publication)

SCIENTISTS STUDYING DESERT AIR TO UNDERSTAND WEATHER AND CLIMATE

 

image of United Arab Emirates in true color

Item 1

Click on image to enlarge.

NASA, Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) and Scripps Institution of Oceanography scientists have assembled in the Arabian Desert to study tiny airborne particles called aerosols and their effect on weather and climate. The scientists are collaborating with researchers from the United Arab Emirates Department of Water Resources Studies and 20 other U.S., European and South African research laboratories to decipher the complex processes controlling the area’s climate.

The United Arab Emirates Unified Aerosol Experiment (UAE2) mission runs from August 5 through September 30. Scientists are using satellites, computer models and ground stations to understand the unique "mixing bowl" of desert dust, smoke and other aerosols created by the complex atmospheric circulations.

 

This is a color-coded image of temperatures of land and ocean around the United Arab Emirates taken from Terra-MODIS on August 10, 2004.

Item 2

Click on image to enlarge.

"The combination of man-made emissions, smoke from the Indian subcontinent and desert dust combine in the air to make a unique aerosol laboratory," said Hal Maring of NASA Headquarters, Washington.

"We have the most intensely monitored remote-sensing aerosol network ever assembled, including two radiation and aerosol super sites, 10 satellite instruments, six computer models, a research aircraft and a research vessel," said Jeff Reid, mission scientist from NRL in Monterey, Calif. "There are 70 scientists participating, 40 of them working in the field, from over a dozen institutions, including the large South African and Colorado-based National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) weather modification teams," he added.

 

Map of the UAE region

Item 3

 

Aerosols have always been an interesting puzzle piece in learning how climate works. Lighter aerosols reflect heat and sunlight and have cooling properties. Darker aerosols absorb heat and light, warming the atmosphere. UAE2's mission will measure aerosol properties, where aerosols move, and whether they add or remove warmth. Scientists also hope to model and explain complicated weather patterns in the coastal regions of the Arabian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman.

By obtaining more accurate data about aerosols and their behavior, scientists will improve computer climate models and predictions of climate behavior in response to changes in aerosol concentrations. To accomplish this task, NASA will start from space, using primarily its Terra and Aqua satellites, but other satellites as well.

 

image of Major Abdulla Al Mandoos, Head of Meteorological Sec. Office of His Highness the President, Department of Water Resources Studies, with a Sun Photometer.

Item 4

 

These satellite data will be compared to ground-based remote sensing measurements of mineral dust and pollutant aerosols gathered by 15 Aerosol Robotic Network instruments over land and water, NRL's Mobile Atmospheric Aerosol and Radiation Characterization Observatory (MAARCO) and NASA's Surface-sensing Measurements for Atmospheric Radiative Transfer.

Navy researchers will use the aircraft, MAARCO and satellite data to evaluate the Navy's global and regional weather and aerosol-transport computer models. The Arabian Gulf region presents a challenge to meteorologists trying to simulate weather with computer models, because sea-surface and land temperatures vary to extremes and the topography varies dramatically. There are also strong small to medium-sized weather changes ranging from one storm cloud to a large cluster of thunderstorms the size of Connecticut.

 

Engineers Omar (left) and Mohammed Ramzan (right) stand in front of the Cimel sunphotometer (part of the Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET)), as it collects aerosol data at the Jabal Hafeet site in the United Arab Emirates.

Item 5

 

Using MAARCO, scientists from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography and Poland's Warsaw University will study the impact of aerosols and clouds on incoming solar radiation and the hydrologic cycle and energy balance in this mostly rain-free area.

"This project will complement Scripps' effort to understand climate change in this region of the world," said Piotr Flatau, a research scientist at Scripps, who will be working with Krzysztof Markowicz and others from Warsaw University during the project. "I know the Arabian Sea from research cruises during the Indian Ocean Experiment (INDOEX), but the UAE2 experiment brings a new set of challenges. While INDOEX took place in a mostly monsoonal region, the UAE is dry and hot. The temperatures are reaching 40 degrees Celsius (104° F) there right now and we do not expect much rain," Flatau said.

"The UAE Office of His Highness the President, Department of Water Resource Studies (DWRS), is providing extensive logistical support, including access to five weather radars and 50 surface stations," said Lt. Col. Mangoosh, Office of the President of the United Arab Emirates.

For more information, check out these related websites:

UAE2 Mission

UAE Department of Water Resources Studies (DWRS)

Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET)

NRL's MAARCO

Scripps Institution of Oceanography

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