Student Features

The Ups and Downs of Liquid Density
Four jars of blue, brown and orange liquids

Liquids of varying densities move as the gravitational force on NASA's Weightless Wonder aircraft changes. Liquids are (l-r) water, honey, oil and water, and syrup. Image Credit: NASA

Students at Kilmer Elementary School wanted to know how liquids act in space. The experiment they built for NASA's reduced-gravity aircraft studied the effects of increased and reduced gravity on jars of liquids of varying densities, or thickness.

Students chose to test eight liquids -- water, oobleck (a mixture of cornstarch and water), dish soap, cola, oil, syrup, oil and water, and honey.

Shara Fata is a science teacher at Kilmer Elementary School. She helped the first- through sixth-grade students do the experiment in their classroom. They turned over each jar of liquid and then wrote about what they saw. They also wrote what they thought would happen in microgravity and increased gravity.

Fata and other teachers from Kilmer did the same experiment on the Weightless Wonder. The teachers saw that all of the liquids moved in some way. The less dense, or lighter, the liquid, the more it moved. The more dense, or heavier, liquids moved less. "It was amazing," Fata said. "When we mixed oil and water, the water -- which is less dense than the oil -- shot up and went right through the oil."

"We thought (the honey) would stick to the side," Fata said. "It hardly moved from the bottom. It was so heavy, even in a microgravity environment, it was so hard to move."

Teachers putting liquids in jars

Kilmer's flight team Edwin Cotto, Carl Mason, Kelli McCue and Shara Fata prepare the experiment for flight. Image Credit: Kilmer Elementary School

The other teachers who flew on the Weightless Wonder were Edwin Cotto, who works with Spanish-speaking students, and Carl Mason, who teaches music. Health teacher Kelli McCue was on the team, too.

Mason is making a music video about the project. He will use photos from the experiment and put them to music popular with his students. Cotto will translate the video into Spanish for Spanish-speaking students and parents.

Fata said the microgravity experience was amazing. "You actually do float," she said. "The slightest touch would send you across the plane. ... First you feel like a rock, and then you're just floating."

Mason said the flight was a unique and awesome experience. "Each minute was a new adventure," he said.

The NASA Explorer Schools project is one of many NASA projects to prepare the next generation of scientists, engineers, astronauts and others. NASA is working to excite today's students about science, technology, engineering and mathematics so they can carry on NASA's mission in the future.

Related Resources
The Ups and Downs of Water Droplets
The Ups and Downs of Convection
Reduced Gravity Student Flight Opportunities Program  →
NASA Explorer Schools  →
NASA Education Web Site  →

Heather R. Smith/NASA Educational Technology Services