Solar System Exploration @ 50 Symposium Selected Speaker Biographies
Linda Billings is a Fellow at the George Washington University School of Media and Public Affairs in Washington, D.C. She does communication research for NASA’s Astrobiology, Near-Earth Object, and Planetary Protection programs in the Planetary Sciences Division of the Science Mission Directorate and does communication research for the program. Dr. Billings earned her Ph.D. in mass communication from Indiana University. Her research interests include science and risk communication, social studies of science, and the rhetoric of science and space. Her papers have been published by the NASA History Division, Space Policy, Acta Astronautica, and Advances in Space Research. She has worked for more than 30 years in Washington, D.C., as a researcher; communication planner, manager, and analyst; policy analyst; journalist; and consultant to the government. She was the first senior editor for space at Air & Space/Smithsonian magazine (1986-88), founding editor of Space Business News (1983-85), and contributing author for First Contact: The Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (1990). Dr. Billings was a member of the staff for the National Commission on Space (1985-86), appointed by President Reagan to develop a long-term plan for space exploration. She is a member of Women in Aerospace (WIA) and served as an officer of WIA for 15 years, most recently as president (2003). She is the recipient of a WIA Lifetime Achievement Award (2009) and a WIA Outstanding Achievement Award (1991). She was elected a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 2009.
James D. Burke is an alumnus of Caltech and a former US naval aviator, employed at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory from 1949 to his retirement in 2001. In retirement he is active in The Planetary Society, the Space Generation Advisory Council and the International Space University, where he has been a faculty member in each ISU Space Studies Program since 1989. Burke's main professional interest is in the exploration and settlement of the Moon. He is a Fellow of the British Interplanetary Society and a member of the American Geophysical Union, the Division for Planetary Sciences of the American Astronomical Society, the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics and the European Geosciences Union. Married since 1950 to his wife, Caroline, with five children and three grandchildren, he is a current pilot, lifelong yachtsman and determined advocate of educating young people toward enjoying learning and achievement.
Jason Callahan is an aerospace analyst for The Tauri Group, working at NASA Headquarters. He received a Master’s degree in International Science and Technology Policy from the George Washington University, and a Master’s degree in History and Sociology of Technology and Science from the Georgia Institute of Technology.
Andrew Chaikin is a science journalist and space historian based in Vermont. His books include "A Man on the Moon: The Voyages of the Apollo Astronauts" and "A Passion for Mars." A former editor of Sky and Telescope magazine, he served on the Viking mission to Mars while an undergraduate geology student at Brown University.
Giny Cheong is a doctoral candidate in the Department of History and Art History at George Mason University. She is working on her dissertation, which will also be looking at questions of public perception and the mass media during several more of NASA's science missions than mentioned in her conference topic.
Crocker, James H.
James Crocker is the Vice President & General Manager, Civil Space for Lockheed Martin Space Systems Company’s line of business that focuses on space science, planetary exploration and remote sensing for Government agencies. Current major programs include Spitzer Space Telescope and the Hubble Space Telescope in space science; Orion, the International Space Station and GOES-R (Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite, R Series) in remote sensing. Planetary exploration programs include Mars Odyssey, Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, Mars Scout, Phoenix, Juno, Jupiter Orbiter and the GRAIL lunar mission and the company’s nuclear power programs at Space Power in Valley Forge, Pennsylvania. His LOB is developing the NIRCam, a major facility instrument for the James Webb space telescope, and three instruments for the GOES weather satellite – SXI, SUVI and GLM. He is the recipient of numerous honors including the Space Telescope Science Institute Outstanding Achievement Award and two NASA Public Service Medals for work on the Hubble Space Telescope. In 2002, he was selected by the University of Alabama – Huntsville as an “Alumni of Achievement.” Crocker received the American Astronautical Society 2009 Industrial Leadership Award.
Dwayne Day is a senior program officer with the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board and served as a study director on the most recent planetary science decadal survey.
Delgado López, Laura M.
Laura M. Delgado López is the Earth Observations Associate at the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES). She is also a correspondent for SpacePolicyOnline.com and a recent graduate of the George Washington University's Space Policy Institute.
Dr. James Green is the Director, Planetary Science Division of the Science Mission Directorate at NASA. He received his Ph.D. in Space Physics from the University of Iowa in 1979 and began working in the Magnetospheric Physics Branch at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in 1980. He held numerous scientific leadership positions at MSFC and at Goddard Space Flight Center through 2006, when he assumed his current position.
Hammel, Heidi B.
Dr. Heidi B. Hammel is the Executive Vice President of the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA), which operates world-class astronomical observatories including the Hubble Space Telescope. She is a planetary scientist, and was a member of the Imaging Science Team during the Voyager 2 Neptune encounter in 1989. For the impact of Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 with Jupiter in July 1994, Dr. Hammel led the Hubble imaging team. She is an Interdisciplinary Scientist for Hubble’s successor, the James Webb Space Telescope. Dr. Hammel's public outreach awards include the Sagan Medal for outstanding communication, and the San Francisco Exploratorium's Public Understanding of Science Award. Asteroid "1981 EC20" has been renamed 3530 Hammel in her honor.
Dr. Roger Handberg - professor, Political Science Department, University of Central Florida - specializes in space policy, national security policy, and judicial politics. He also teaches courses dealing with government policies in science and technology, economic and business policy, and American security policy, particularly military space policy and ballistic missile defense. . He has published nine books and more than 161 articles and book chapters plus presented over 130 papers. His most recent books include “Chinese Space Policy: A Study in Domestic and International Politics,” “International Space Commerce: Building from Scratch” and “Reinventing NASA and the Quest for Outer Space.”
Hubbard, G. Scott
G. Scott Hubbard is a Professor in the Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics at Stanford University and the Director of the Stanford Center of Excellence for Commercial Space Transportation. Hubbard is the former director of NASA’s Ames Research Center. His book, “Exploring Mars: Chronicles from a Decade of Discovery was published earlier this year.
Huntress, Jr., Wesley T.
Dr. Wesley T. Huntress, Jr., is currently Chair of NASA’s Science Advisory Committee and Director Emeritus at the Geophysical Laboratory of the Carnegie Institution of Washington. Dr. Huntress began his career as a space scientist at Caltech’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) and moved to NASA Headquarters in Washington, DC, becoming Director of the Solar System Exploration Division in 1990 and then Associate Administrator for Space Science 1993-1998. He moved to the Geophysical Laboratory where he was Director until July 2007, finally retiring in October 2008. He continues today as a spokesman and strategist for the scientific exploration of space.
Dr. Torrence V. Johnson is a planetary scientist, receiving his PhD from Caltech in 1970. He was the Project Scientist for the Galileo mission, and directed the activities of the Galileo science teams through the entire course of the mission. He is currently involved in ongoing research into the properties of giant planet satellites as a team member of the Cassini camera team and is the Chief Scientist for the Solar System Exploration Directorate at JPL, where he is involved in planning for the next era of planetary exploration.
Dr. Joan Johnson-Freese is a Professor of National Security Affairs at the Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island. Her space publications include: Heavenly Ambitions: America’s Quest to Dominate Space; Space As A Strategic Asset, and over 90 journal articles; and most recently Educating America’s Military. She is a member of the Space Studies Board of the National Academy of Sciences, a Fellow of the International Academy of Astronautics, and a member of the Editorial Board of China Security. She has testified before Congress on multiple occasions, and is regularly interviewed by the media, including Xinhua News Agency, CNN, CBS, ABC, The New York Times, Reuters and the BBC, on space issues. Dr. Johnson-Freese also teaches courses on Globalization & US National Security, and Space & Security, at Harvard Summer and Extension Schools.
Kaminski, Amy Paige
Amy Paige Kaminski serves as Senior Policy Advisor to the Chief Scientist at NASA Headquarters and is a Ph.D. candidate in Science and Technology Studies at Virginia Tech. She has previously served as a NASA program examiner at the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), an analyst in the Federal Aviation Administration's Office of the Associate Administrator for Commercial Space Transportation, and policy and outreach administrator at the National Space Society. She is a former editor of the American Astronautical Society's Space Times magazine and is the winner of the 2012 Sacknoff Prize for Space History. Ms. Kaminski holds a master's degree in Science, Technology, and Public Policy from The George Washington University and a bachelor’s degree from Cornell University in Earth and Planetary Sciences.
Lambright, W. Henry
W. Henry Lambright is Professor of Public Administration and International Affairs, and Political Science at the Maxwell School of Syracuse University. He is an author of many works, including a biography, Powering Apollo: James E. Webb of the NASA, and editor of Space Policy in the 21st Century. He is a Fellow of both the American Association of the Advancement of Science and National Academy of Public Administration.
John Logsdon is Professor Emeritus at the Space Policy Institute, Elliott School of International Affairs, The George Washington University, Washington, DC. He was founder and long-time Director of the Space Policy Institute. He has served, and continues to serve, on a variety of boards and advisory committees, and is a much-published author and editor, most recently of the award-winning "John F. Kennedy and the Race to the Moon."
Macauley, William R.
William R. Macauley is a postdoctoral research associate in the Emmy Noether Research Group ‘The Future in the Stars: European Astroculture and Extraterrestrial Life in the Twentieth Century’ at the Freie Universität Berlin. Previously, he studied at the University of Manchester where he received his MSc and PhD in history of science, technology and medicine. He is currently writing on a monograph based on his doctoral thesis ‘Picturing Knowledge: NASA’s Pioneer Plaque, Voyager Record and the History of Interstellar Communication, 1957-1977’. Macauley’s postdoctoral research focuses on ways in which various professional and social groups in the UK and other parts of Europe produced and disseminated knowledge about spaceflight during the post-war period.< br />
Petar Markovski is currently an advanced PhD candidate in the History of Science program at the University of Oklahoma. His research interests are broadly construed as intersecting between the history of technology, space history and international cooperation. He is currently working on his dissertation, in which he explores cooperative efforts between NASA and ESA, with an expected completion date sometime in the fall of 2013.
Mikhail Marov is a Professor, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences and of the International Academy of Astronautics. He graduated from the Moscow Technical University in 1958 and received his Ph.D. in 1964 and full Doctorate degree in Physics and Mathematics in 1970. Principal scientific interests are focused on the fundamental problems of hydrodynamics, gas kinetics and space physics, with application to solar system studies and planetary cosmogony along with experimental studies of planets. He has been deeply involved in the Russian space program beginning from the first space flights to the Moon and planets up to the present. He has authored above 250 publications in refereed journals and has also published 15 books and monographs. He has occupied a number of distinguished positions in several Russian and International scientific organizations and has also served as an Editor for the distinguished International magazines. He received two distinguished National (Lenin and State) awards and the International Galabert award for Astronautics.
McNutt, Ralph L.
Dr. Ralph L. McNutt, Jr is the Chief Branch Scientist for Space Science at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory where he has worked of the past 20 years. Dr. McNutt is the Project Scientist for NASA's MESSENGER mission now in orbit about Mercury and is a Co-Invertigator on NASA's Voyager, New Horizons, and solar Probe Plus Missions, as well as a member of the Cassini Science Team. He is a member of the International academy of Astronautics and an Associate Fellow of the AIAA and holds a Ph.D. From MIT and a B.S. From Texas A&M University, both degrees being in physics.
Neufeld, Michael J.
Michael J. Neufeld is a Museum Curator in the Space History Division of the National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution. From 2007 to 2011 he served as Division Chair. Born and raised in Canada, he has four history degrees, including a PhD from Johns Hopkins University in 1984. Dr. Neufeld has written three books, The Skilled Metalworkers of Nuremberg (1989), The Rocket and the Reich (1995), which won two book prizes, and Von Braun (2007), which has won three awards, and has edited three others. He has appeared on numerous television and radio programs, notably on the History Channel, PBS, NPR, BBC and the German ZDF.
Arturo Russo is a former professor of History of Physics at the University of Palermo, Italy. His reserch interest is in the history of 20th Century physics. He has published books and essays on the history of quantum physics; the science-industry relationship in Italy and the USA between the two World Wars; the history of cosmic-ray physics; the history of particle physics at CERN; the history of space research and of space telecommunications in Europe. During the 1990s, he was involved in the project for the history of the European Space Agency (ESA). More recently he undertook a research programme on the history of ESA planetary missions. He is now writing a book on the history of ESA’s Rosetta mission to Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, in collaboration with M. Coradini, former ESA coordinator of solar system missions and currently ESA programs coordinator at JPL.
John Sarkissian is an Operations Scientist at the CSIRO Parkes Radio Observatory. His main responsibilities are the operation and systems development at the radio telescope, and the support of visiting astronomers with their observations. In addition, he is involved in pulsar research - an exciting field of radio astronomy. He is a member of the Parkes Pulsar Timing Array (PPTA) team which is endeavoring to use precision pulsar timing to make the first direct detection of gravitational waves. He is also a member of the small, informal team searching for the missing Apollo 11 slow-scan TV tapes. From 1998-1999, John acted as a technical advisor for the feature film, "The DISH". He came to Parkes in 1996 to support the Galileo Mission to Jupiter. He managed the Galileo spacecraft tracking operations at the observatory and performed 1/3 of the daily tracking duties. He has received NASA Group Achievement Awards for his work on "The Parkes Radio Telescope X-band Upgrade Task Team" in 2004 and the "Huygens Probe Earth Detection Team" in 2005. He also received official NASA commendations for his Galileo support in 1997 and for the search for the missing Apollo 11 SSTV tapes in 2010.
Smith, Marcia S.
Marcia Smith is President of Space and Technology Policy Group, LLC and founder and editor of the website SpacePolicyOnline.com. A veteran space policy analyst, Smith spent 31 years as a science and technology policy expert specializing in space activities at the Congressional Research Service (part of the U.S. Congress) except for a one-year leave of absence (1985-1986) when she served as Executive Director of the National Commission on Space. After leaving CRS, she was Director of the Space Studies Board and of the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board at the National Research Council, the operating arm of the National Academies. She left the NRC in 2009 to found her own consulting company and create a website providing objective information and analysis about the full range of domestic and foreign space activities. She is a Fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), Vice President-Public Policy and a Fellow of the American Astronautical Society (AAS), and the North American editor of the quarterly journal Space Policy.
Janet Vertesi is a Link-Cotsen Fellow at the Society of Fellows in the Liberal Arts at Princeton University, where she is also Lecturer in Sociology. Her first book, "Seeing Like a Rover: Images in Interaction on the Mars Exploration Rover Mission," (University of Chicago Press, est. 2013) is based on over two years of ethnographic work behind the scenes with the Mars Rover mission, focusing on the role of digital image analysis in team collaboration and decision-making. In addition to the Rovers, Vertesi has also worked as an ethnographer on the Cassini Mission to Saturn, where her work is supported by two NSF grants; she was also awarded the NASA History Office-History of Science Society Fellowship in the History of Space Sciences in 2008.
Peter Westwick is Assistant Research Professor in the History Department at the University of Southern California, and Director of the Aerospace History Project at the Huntington-USC Institute on California and the West. He received his BA in physics and PhD in history from UC Berkeley. He is the author of Into the Black: JPL and the American Space Program, 1976-2004 (Yale U.P., 2006), which won the Gardner-Lasser Aerospace History Literature Award of the AIAA and the Eugene Emme Astronautical Literature Award of the American Astronautical Society, and The National Labs: Science in an American System, 1947-1974 (Harvard U.P., 2003), which won the Book Prize of the Forum for the History of Science in America. He is also editor of Blue Sky Metropolis: The Aerospace Century in Southern California (University of California Press, 2012) and co-author, with Peter Neushul, of a forthcoming history of surfing. He is currently working on a history of the Strategic Defense Initiative.
Zurek Richard W.
Rich Zurek is currently the Chief Scientist for the Mars Program at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), California Institute of Technology. While at JPL, Dr. Zurek has studied the atmospheres of Earth and Mars, including the causes and effects of the great dust storms that occur episodically on Mars. Previously, he served as the Project Scientist for the Mars Surveyor ’98 missions (Mars Climate Orbiter and Mars Polar Lander) and as a Theoretical Investigator on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS), helping to pioneer studies separating transport from photochemical effects on ozone change as observed from space. Prior to that, he analyzed data from the Mariner 6 & 7 fly-bys, the Mariner 9 orbiter, and the Viking Orbiters and Landers. More recently, he has been heavily involved in the development and implementation of recent missions to Mars, including lead of atmospheric advisory groups supporting the aerobraking phases of the Mars Global Surveyor, the 2001 Mars Odyssey and MRO spacecraft. He also currently serves as the Project Scientist for the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO), now in its sixth year of observations of the atmosphere, surface, and subsurface of Mars. These activities, together with his published research, have led to appointments at JPL as a Senior Research Scientist and a JPL Fellow. Dr. Zurek holds a Ph.D. in Atmospheric Sciences from the University of Washington (Seattle) and has been employed at JPL since 1976.