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Satellite Images Display Extreme Mississippi River Flooding from Space
05.13.11
 
Recent Landsat satellite data captured by the USGS and NASA on May 10 shows the major flooding of the Mississippi River around Memphis, Tenn. and along the state borders of Tennessee, Kentucky, Missouri, and Arkansas as seen from 438 miles above the Earth.

Composite showing the difference in the Mississippi River around Memphis in 2006 and in 2011 as seen by Landsat. › 2006 downloadable image    |     › 2011 downloadable image

(Left) Landsat 5 image of the Mississippi River in the Memphis, Tenn. area on May 12, 2006. (Right) Landsat 5 image of the Mississippi River in the Memphis, Tenn. area on May 10, 2011. Credit: USGS/NASA

The flood crest of 47.87 feet on May 10, is the second highest rise in recent history; the highest being 48.7 feet in 1937. Five counties surrounding Memphis have been declared disaster areas, and the costs of the flooding are expected to approach $1 billion. The Mississippi River crest continues to move south and is expected to occur in the Greenville, Miss. area around May 16 and to finally crest in New Orleans around May 23.

When natural hazards like flooding occur, USGS provides the most recent Landsat data to local emergency managers.

"Landsat imagery is crucial in helping to monitor the flood rate and effects of the flooding in the region, and to aid in the decision making process regarding flood control. Decisions such as closing portions of the Mississippi River to shipping and opening flood gates outside of low-lying New Orleans in preparation for the flood wave as it makes its way slowly down the river to the Gulf of Mexico," said Mark Anderson, Acting Director of the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science Center.

James Irons, Landsat Data Continuity Mission (LDCM) Project Scientist at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md. said, "NASA Goddard has managed the development of all the successfully launched Landsat satellites and is currently developing the next Landsat satellite system, the Landsat Data Continuity Mission, in partnership with USGS." The launch of LDCM is scheduled for December, 2012.

Composite showing the difference in the Mississippi River around Arkansas in 2006 and in 2011 as seen by Landsat.› 2006 downloadable image     |     › 2011 downloadable image

(Left) Landsat 5 shows the Mississippi River along the state borders of Tennessee, Kentucky, Missouri, and Arkansas on May 12, 2006. (Right) Landsat 5 image shows the Mississippi River along the state borders of Tennessee, Kentucky, Missouri, and Arkansas on May 10, 2011. Credit: USGS/NASA

Remotely sensed data are not the only science endeavors occurring due to floods. The USGS collects river data through its network of about 7,700 stream gauges around the Nation. You can receive instant, customized updates about water conditions, including flooding, by subscribing to USGS WaterAlert (› http://water.usgs.gov/wateralert).

General flood information is available at USGS Science Features (› http://www.usgs.gov/blogs/features/2011/04/21/flooding-spring-2011/) and USGS Flood Information (› http://water.usgs.gov/osw/floods/).

The scenes captured by Landsat 5 show the Mississippi River in the Memphis, Tenn. area, and along the state borders of Tennessee, Kentucky, Missouri, and Arkansas. The May 2006 images show the river before it began to flood. In the May images, the dark blue tones are water, the light green is cleared fields, and the light tones are clouds.

For more NASA imagery on the current Mississippi flooding, visit:

http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/event.php?id=49528


› Landsat web site
 
 
Rob Gutro
NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md.