Three NASA-built instruments that are integral components of the next in a series of U.S./European ocean altimetry satellites have arrived in France for integration with their spacecraft in preparation for a 2015 launch. Jason-3 will extend the two-decade series of satellites that are tracking global sea level changes and enabling more accurate weather, ocean and climate forecasts.
The three instruments are a microwave radiometer and two location-finding systems, along with associated ground support equipment. They left NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., on May 19 en route to Thales Alenia Space's Integration Center in Cannes, France, where they arrive on May 22. There, they will be integrated with the Jason-3 spacecraft and tested before being shipped back to California's Vandenberg Air Force Base for launch in March 2015. Thales Alenia Space is the Jason-3 spacecraft contractor for the French space agency, Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES).
Jason-3 is designed to measure precisely the height of the ocean surface, allowing scientists to monitor ocean circulation and sea level. It will extend the long-term data set established by three previous satellite altimetry missions: Topex/Poseidon (1992-2006), Jason-1 (launched in 2001 and still in operation) and the Ocean Surface Topography Mission/Jason-2 (launched in 2008 and also still in operation). Jason-3 is being developed and operated as part of an international effort led by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT) in collaboration with NASA and CNES. JPL built the three NASA instruments on behalf of NOAA.
Processed data from the satellite will be used in a broad range of applications, including improving our knowledge of global and regional sea level changes, operational ocean and weather forecasting, ocean wave modeling, hurricane intensification prediction, seasonal forecasting, El Nino and La Nina forecasting, and climate research. The data will help address key questions about global climate change.
Details of the three JPL-developed instruments include:
Covering more than two-thirds of Earth, the world's ocean plays a critical role in climate change. "Global warming is raising sea levels and reshaping our ocean," said Josh Willis, Jason-3 project scientist at JPL. "Jason-3 will measure our changing ocean and help us keep our finger on the pulse of Earth's climate."
For more information on Jason-3, visit: http://sealevel.jpl.nasa.gov/missions/jason3/ .