51 USC Sec. 50113
Sec. 50113. Acquisition of space science data
(a) Definition of Space Science Data.--In this section, the term "space science data" includes scientific data concerning--
- (1) the elemental and mineralogical resources of the moon, asteroids, planets and their moons, and comets;
- (2) microgravity acceleration; and
- (3) solar storm monitoring.
(b) Acquisition From Commercial Providers.--The Administrator shall, to the extent possible and while satisfying the scientific or educational requirements of the Administration, and where appropriate, of other Federal agencies and scientific researchers, acquire, where cost effective, space science data from a commercial provider.
(c) Treatment of Space Science Data as Commercial Item Under Acquisition Laws.--Acquisitions of space science data by the Administrator shall be carried out in accordance with applicable acquisition laws and regulations (including chapters 137 and 140 of title 10). For purposes of such law and regulations, space science data shall be considered to be a commercial item. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to preclude the United States from acquiring, through contracts with commercial providers, sufficient rights in data to meet the needs of the scientific and educational community or the needs of other government activities.
(d) Safety Standards.--Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit the Federal Government from requiring compliance with applicable safety standards.
(e) Limitation.--This section does not authorize the Administration to provide financial assistance for the development of commercial systems for the collection of space science data.
(Pub. L. 111-314, Subtitle V, Chapter 501, Sec. 50113, Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3397)