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NASA Human Risk Technology and Research Needs

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NASA Human Risk Technology and Research Needs

The NASA Human Research Program (HRP) investigates and mitigates the highest risks to human health and performance, providing essential countermeasures and technologies for human space exploration. Risks include physiological effects from radiation, hypogravity, and terrestrial environments, as well as unique challenges in medical support, human factors, and behavioral health support.  Following is a list of NASA’s highest priority human risks and needs.  Please contact us if you are interested in partnering with NASA on research and technology development projects in any of the areas below to advance human spaceflight.

Risk of Spaceflight-Induced Intracranial Hypertension/Vision Alteration

  • Technology:
    • Non-invasive Intracranial Pressure Measure
  • Knowledge:
    • Prediction of elevated CO2 on Intracranial Pressure
    • Prediction of individual sensitivities due to fluid shift to elevated ICP

Risk of Bone Fracture due to spaceflight Induced bone changes

  • Technology:
    • Small, lightweight device to measure bone quality
  • Knowledge:
    • Methods to predict bone fracture in a younger population (40 year olds)
    • Methods to measure bone strength with DXA

Risk of Acute and Chronic Carbon Dioxide Exposure

  • Technology:
    • Portable efficient CO2 Scrubber
  • Knowledge:
    • Effects of elevated CO2 on cognitive function

Risk of Injury from Dynamic Loads

  • Knowledge:
    • Ability to predict (modeling) injury from impact (multi axis)

Risk of Impaired Performance Due to Reduced Muscle Mass, Strength & Endurance

  • Knowledge:
    • Methods to measure strength with ARED (need ARED specs/limitations)

Reduced Physical Performance Capabilities Due to Reduced Aerobic Capacity

  • Knowledge:
    • Methods to predict max aerobic capacity with submaximal testing in microgravity (would need to describe microgravity changes)

Risk of Ineffective or Toxic Medications due to Long Term Storage

  • Knowledge:
    • Data on the effectiveness of medications over long period of storage
    • Methods to increase storage duration of medications

Risk of Hypoxia

  • Knowledge:
    • Data on the effects of long term mild hypoxia

Risk of Renal Stone Formation

  • Knowledge:
    • Methods for early detection (prior to symptoms) renal stones

 

Page Last Updated: March 25th, 2014
Page Editor: Robert Lewis