Unit: Physical Science - Aeronautics
Grade Levels: 4-6
Connection To Curriculum: Science, Mathematics and Technology
Teacher Prep Time: 2 hours
Lesson Time Needed: 2 hours
Keywords: thrust, engine
Small desk fan
One sheet of paper
Intake Station Directions
Two desk fans that are the same size
Twenty 6-inch lengths of string
Twenty 5-by-7-inch index cards
Compression Station Directions
Flask, medium size
Can of Sterno, Matches or lighter
Combustion Station Directions
One cardboard paper towel core per student
One flexible straw per student
One 12- by-12-inch sheet of aluminum foil per student
Four paper circles 1-1/2 inches in diameter per student
One small (1-inch) paper clip per student
One 3-oz. paper cup per student
One pair of scissors per student
Glue (not glue sticks)
One copy of the Student Work Sheet Part 2 for each student
Students will build a model to demonstrate how thrust is created in a jet engine.
• Investigate how thrust is created in a jet engine.
• Design a model jet engine.
• Construct a model jet engine from materials provided.
• Observe how their model jet engine operates.
Jet Propulsion Lesson
[93KB PDF file]
Lesson Activities and Sequence
Have students complete data sheets that apply the scientific method. At each station, students should:
- Describe the experiment (Research Question).
- Predict what will happen before doing the experiment (Hypothesis).
- Conduct the experiment (Experiment).
- Record your observations (Data Collection).
- Option: The teacher demonstration of an operational jet engine can be done using inexpensive, locally obtained, recycled materials.
Keywords: engine, thrust
Science as Inquiry
• Understanding of scientific concepts.
• An appreciation of "how we know" what we know in science.
• Understanding of the nature of science.
• Skills necessary to become independent inquirers about the natural world.
• The dispositions to use the skills, abilities and attitudes associated with science.
• Properties and changes of properties in matter.
• Motions and forces.
• Transfer of energy.
Science and Technology
• Abilities of technological design.
• Understanding about science and technology.
History and Nature of Science
• Science as a human endeavor.
Common Core State Standards for Mathematics, NCTM
Operations and Algebraic Thinking
• Use the four operations with whole numbers to solve problems.
• Generate and analyze patterns.
• Analyze patterns and relationships.
• Write and interpret numerical expressions.
ISTE NETS and Performance Indicators for Students, ISTE
Creativity and Innovation
• Create original works as a means of personal or group expression.
• Use models and simulations to explore complex systems and issues.
Communication and Collaboration
• Contribute to project teams to produce original works or solve problems.
Research and Information Fluency