# NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration

## Education

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Lesson Title: Bernoulli and More Bernoulli

Unit: Physical Science -- Aeronautics

Connection To Curriculum:
Science, Mathematics and
Technology

Teacher Prep Time: 1 hour

Lesson Time Needed: 1 hour

Complexity: Basic

Keywords: aerodynamics,
Bernoulli's principle

Materials:
Sheets of paper
Straight straws
Flex straws
String
Round balloons
Ping-pong balls
Coins
Scissors

Description
This lesson features six easy and simple experiments that explain Bernoulli's principle.

Objectives
Students will:
• Construct devices that demonstrate Bernoulli's principle.
• Investigate how each device operates.
• Explore the effect of air flowing over a curved surface.
• Apply the experimental experiences to understand the Bernoulli principle.

 Lesson Guide Bernoulli and More Bernoulli Lesson [287KB PDF file]

Lesson Activities and Sequence

The NASA "Why" Files: The Case of the Challenging Flight
This lessons features six activities to better understand Bernoulli's principle.
Keywords: aerodynamics, Bernoulli's principle

National Standards:
National Science Education Standards, NSTA
Science as Inquiry
• Understanding of scientific concepts.
• An appreciation of "how we know" what we know in science.
• Understanding of the nature of science.
• Skills necessary to become independent inquirers about the natural world.
• The dispositions to use the skills, abilities and attitudes associated with science.

Physical Science
• Motions and forces.
• Transfer of energy.

Science and Technology
• Abilities of technological design.
• Understanding about science and technology.
br /> History and Nature of Science
• Science as a human endeavor.

Common Core State Standards for Mathematics, NCTM
Operations and Algebraic Thinking
• Use the four operations with whole numbers to solve problems.
• Generate and analyze patterns.
• Analyze patterns and relationships.
• Write and interpret numerical expressions.

ISTE NETS and Performance Indicators for Students, ISTE
Creativity and Innovation
• Create original works as a means of personal or group expression.
• Use models and simulations to explore complex systems and issues.

Communication and Collaboration
• Contribute to project teams to produce original works or solve problems.

Research and Information Fluency
• Plan strategies to guide inquiry.
• Process data and report results.

Critical Thinking, Problem Solving and Decision Making
• Identify and define authentic problems and significant questions for investigation.
• Plan and manage activities to develop a solution or complete a project.
• Collect and analyze data to identify solutions and/or make informed decisions.

Technology Operations and Concepts
• Understand and use technology systems.
• Select and use applications effectively and productively.
• Troubleshoot systems and applications.